CBSE Solutions for Class 10 Economics

Select CBSE Solutions for class 10 Subject & Chapters Wise :

Notice two manners by which customer obliviousness can cause their misuse?

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Answer :

1.            Consumers may not be cautious in taking a gander at the nature of the items or assurance of the items and administrations. They don't bother about the guarantee card.

2.            They may not bother to purchase quality checked items, (for example, ISI, Agmark).

3.            They may not bother to take the money reminder without which they can't submit questions or get redressal.

What was the primary driver of the ascent of the customer development?

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Answer :

The purchaser development outgrew buyers' disappointment because of uncalled for exchange practices of merchants.

In which court a buyer should document a case on the off chance that he/she is misused on the lookout?

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Answer :

Customer Court

A retailer demands that you purchase a guide with your NCERT Textbook. Which right of the purchaser is being abused here?

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Answer :

Option to pick.

Which cases does the region level court manage?

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Answer :

The locale level court manages cases including claims upto ₹ 20 lakhs.

How is the most extreme retail cost imprinted on bundles useful for you?

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Answer :

Most extreme retail value causes us to challenge a dealer/businessperson in the event that we are charged more than the cost imprinted on the bundle.

Compose a short note on Consumers International.

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Answer :

In 1985, United Nations received the UN Guidelines for Consumer Protection. This empowered the countries everywhere on the world to embrace measures to ensure buyers. It became reason for customer promotion gatherings to press their legislatures to acknowledge their demands for protection of shoppers against deceitful dealers and businesspeople. It established the framework for the customer development. Presently Consumers International is an umbrella assortment of 240 associations from more than 100 nations

What data should we search for while purchasing meds ?

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Answer :

While purchasing meds we should search for the data as referenced underneath :

•             Date of expiry on the grounds that the utilization of prescriptions after its expiry date is unsafe for the soundness of the individual concerned.

•             Contents of the prescriptions : The substance of the meds ought to be as endorsed by the specialist.

•             MRP : We should be cautious about its cost so the retailer may not charge more than MRP. Rather we ought to haggle to pay not exactly the MRP.

How do huge organizations control the business sectors ?

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Answer :

The huge organizations with tremendous riches, influence and reach can control the market in different manners. Now and again bogus data is gone on through media, and other sources to draw in customers.

For instance an organization for quite a long time sold powder milk for infants everywhere on the world as the most logical item asserting this to be superior to mother's milk. It took long stretches of battle before the organization had to acknowledge that it had been making bogus cases.

Essentially, a long fight must be battled with chert cases to make cigarette fabricating organizations acknowledge that their item could cause disease.

On the off chance that you are not intrigued to purchase a brush with toothpaste however businessperson denied to sell toothpaste as it were. For this situation which shopper right is being abused by the merchant

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Answer :

Option to pick is being disregarded.

Assume your folks need to buy gold jewellary alongside you, then f which logo will you search for on the adornments ?

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Answer :

Trademark.

Which imprint is utilized for Gas Stove ?

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Answer :

ISI mark.

On the off chance that any harm is done to a buyer by a merchant, under which customer right one can move to purchaser court to get remuneration ?

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Answer :

Option to look for redressal.

What is the significance of purchasing items with the logo ISI, Agmark or Hallmark ?

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Answer :

These logos and accreditation assist buyers with getting guaranteed of value while buying the products and ventures.

Which imprint is utilized for flavors ?

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Answer :

Agmark.

Name a few items for which it is mandatory with respect to the makers to get affirmed by various associations.

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Answer :

For certain items that influence the wellbeing and security of buyers or of results of mass utilization like LPG chambers, food tones and added substances, concrete, bundled drinking water, it is mandatory with respect to the makers to get confirmed by various associations.

Under COPRA which three-level semi legal hardware has been arrangement and with what locale ?

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Answer :

Three-level semi legal executive hardware is as given beneath :

1.            District level – Cases including claims up to ? 20 lakhs.

2.            State level – Cases including claims between ? 20 lakhs and ? 1 crore.

3.            National level – Cases including claims surpassing ?1 crore.

What sort of directions are referenced on drugs ? Notice any one.

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Answer :

Headings for use or dose.

What is RTI ? When was it passed and what is its item ?

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Answer :

1.            RTI is Right to Information Act.

2.            RTI was passed in October, 2005 by the Government of India.

3.            It guarantees residents all the data about the elements of government offices.

What is MRP?

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Answer :

MRP is greatest retail cost. Truth be told customers can deal with the vender to sell at not exactly the MRP.

On account of weight cooker which security rule ought to be seen by the maker ?

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Answer :

Weight cookers have a wellbeing valve which, on the off chance that it is faulty, can cause a genuine mishap. The makers of the wellbeing valve need to guarantee high caliber.

Which act was passed in 1986 ?

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Answer :

Buyer Protection Act 1986, prominently known as COPRA.

Which elements were answerable for the introduction of buyer development in a coordinated structure during the 1960s ?

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Answer :

The elements answerable for the introduction of shopper development in a coordinated structures were as referenced beneath :

•             Rampant food deficiencies.

•             Black showcasing.

•             Adulteration of food and consumable oil.

In India how the customer development started?

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Answer :

In India, the shopper development, as a social power, begun with the need of securing and advancing the interests of purchasers against deceptive and uncalled for exchange rehearses.

How do the businesspeople misuse the customers in the business sectors?

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Answer :

1.            Less weight.

2.            Defective item.

3.            Duplicate item.

4.            More cost than MRP.

5.            Adulterated items.

'Shopper development can be successful just with dynamic contribution of customers.' Support the assertion with five contentions.

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Answer :

The customer development can be successful just with the shoppers' dynamic contribution. This assertion can be broke down giving after contentions.

•             The purchasers ought to know about their privileges and obligations.

•             The customers ought to be cautious in the market against any exploitative practice.

•             The customers should hold up protests against abuse.

•             If shoppers are effectively included, then makers and organizations will likewise be wary and offer better administrations.

•             The shoppers should buy just standardized items.

•             The purchasers should know the legitimate technique, i.e., how to get their cases gotten comfortable buyer courts.

•             The buyers ought to be very much educated and profit the cures accessible to them against fakes or any deceitful exchange practice.

Why are rules and guidelines needed for the assurance of customers in the commercial center? Clarify with models.

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Answer :

Rules and guidelines are needed for the assurance of customers in the commercial center because of the accompanying reasons:

•             Sometimes, merchants enjoy unreasonable exchange practices, for example, underweight, under measurement, corruption, storing and so on

•             Most of the purchasers are uninformed of their privileges and they are often misled by the providers.

•             Whenever a grumbling with respect to merchandise or administrations is made, the dealer attempts to move all the duty on the purchaser.

•             Sometimes, the venders make bogus cases about the toughness and nature of their items through ads, snappy mottos and jingles.

•             Sometimes, the venders make fake shortage through storing and dark showcasing to sell the products at greater costs.

•             Sometimes, the venders enjoy corruption of products and give low quality merchandise to accomplish the objectives of profit and development.

"There is an extraordinary requirement for obtaining information and expertise to turn into an all around educated shopper." Support the assertion.

 

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Answer :

The facts confirm that to be a cognizant, all around educated and cautious shopper, there is an extraordinary need of obtaining information and ability. A buyer must realize how to manage the businessperson while going to purchase wares. He should check the costs of the wares composed on the items, check the assembling date of the items with the goal that the dealer can't swindle him by giving obsolete wares. He should realize how to move toward the buyer discussion for tending to his complaints against the businessperson, in the event that he has been cheated or if any out of line practice have been made by the retailer.

How is purchaser redressal measure getting bulky costly and time, burning-through? Clarify.

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Answer :

Purchaser redressal measure is getting unwieldy, costly and tedious on the grounds that:

•             Many multiple times, purchasers are needed to draw in an attorney, which turns into a costly issue.

•             The cases require time for recording and going to court procedures which may not be workable for everybody.

•             In most cases, the money reminders are not given by the makers dr merchants to the customers. All things considered, legitimate proof isn't anything but difficult to gather and create in the court.

 

•             The existing laws on the issue of pay are not clear and explicit.

Clarify three components which offered ascend to purchaser development in India.

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Answer :

The variables that brought forth Consumer Movement in India are:

•             There was disappointment among the customers with respect to unjustifiable exchange rehearses I being reveled by the makers and venders.

•             There was no general set of laws accessible for the insurance of shoppers from misuse in the commercial center.

•             Rampart food deficiencies, accumulating, dark showcasing and contaminated of food and eatable oil represented a danger to the customers.

•             The customers were uninformed about their privileges. In this way, to teach and make them mindful, purchaser development started.

How are customers misused in the commercial center? Clarify with three models.

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Answer :

The elements which cause abuse of shoppers in the commercial center are:

•             Limited data. For taking a right choice and decision about an item, a buyer needs full data about the value, quality, sturdiness, creation, date of assembling and expiry, fixings and so on Without full data, a purchaser may get abused in a simple manner.

•             Limited rivalry. When there is a restricted rivalry concerning creation, i.e., when makers are not many and can control and limit the gracefully of an item, there is plausibility of control of costs.

•             Limited flexibly. At the point when gracefully of a decent is not as much as its demand, the costs may go up and empower the propensity of accumulating. Accordingly, the customer might be misused.

•             Adulteration. It implies blending or subbing bothersome materials in the food. It makes a hefty misfortune the purchasers both financial and healthwise.

•             Hoarding and dark showcasing. Dealers hold the supply of basic products to make fake shortage on the lookout, so they can sell the commodities at greater costs.

•             Under estimation. Dealers typically enjoy misbehaviors like giving under measured products and charge for the genuine amount.

•             Sub-standard products. For the sake of certifiable parts or merchandise, unacceptable or substandard products are sold on the lookout. For instance, copy meds can be harmful to the strength of an individual. Blemished electrical things without wellbeing measures can be deadly for the client.

Clarify the function of three level semi legal set up for redressal of shopper debates in India.

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Answer :

A three-level semi legal apparatus at the local, state and public level, was set up under COPRA, for redressal of shopper debates in India.

•             At the local level, purchaser courts manage cases including claims up to 20 lakhs.

•             At the state level, buyer courts deal with cases including claims between 20 lakhs and 1 crore.

•             At the public level, buyer courts manage cases including claims surpassing 1 crore. In the event that the case is excused at the area level, then the buyer can offer at the state and then at the public level, whenever required.

Clarify any four manners by which customers are misused on the lookout.

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Answer :

The elements which cause abuse of customers in the commercial center are:

•             Limited data. For taking a right choice and decision about an item, a shopper needs full data about the value, quality, toughness, structure, date of production and expiry, fixings and so on Without full data, a purchaser may get misused in a simple manner.

•             Limited rivalry. When there is a restricted rivalry as to creation, i.e., when makers are not many and can control and confine the flexibly of an item, there is plausibility of control of costs.

•             Limited gracefully. At the point when gracefully of a decent is not as much as its demand, the costs may go up and empower the propensity of storing. Accordingly, the customer might be abused.

•             Adulteration. It implies blending or subbing bothersome materials in the food. It makes a hefty misfortune the shoppers both financial and healthwise.

•             Hoarding and dark showcasing. Brokers hold the supply of fundamental products to make fake shortage on the lookout, with the goal that they can sell the commodities at more exorbitant costs.

•             Under estimation. Dealers for the most part enjoy acts of neglect like giving under measured products and charge for the real amount.

•             Sub-standard merchandise. For the sake of veritable parts or merchandise, unsatisfactory or mediocre products are sold on the lookout. For instance, copy meds can be harmful to the wellbeing of an individual. Deficient electrical things without wellbeing measures can be deadly for the client.

How does right to security help buyers? Clarify with a model.

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Answer :

Right to security implies that we as buyers reserve the privilege to be ensured against the promoting of merchandise and conveyance of administrations that are perilous to life and property. Makers and producers ought to stick to wellbeing standards while fabricating products. There are numerous merchandise and ventures, that we buy require exceptional thoughtfulness regarding security.

 

For instance, pressure cookers have a security valve, which if flawed can cause a genuine mishap. The producers ought to guarantee exclusive requirements and the customers should peruse all the directions given on the case of the weight cooker

How does 'Option to be Informed' help shoppers? Clarify with a model.

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Answer :

As indicated by this right, every buyer has the option to be educated about the points of interest of products and ventures that they buy. It is mandatory for the makers to give total data with respect to their fixings, date of production, expiry date and so on to the shoppers.

The subtleties given on the parcel help the purchasers from numerous points of view. Some of them are:

•             If a shopper purchases an item and thinks that its imperfect inside the expiry time frame, he can request its substitution.

•             It somebody sells the great at more than the printed cost on the bundle, then a buyer can dissent and request a clarification.

•             On meds, headings for legitimate use, alerts and data identifying with results and dangers related with use are printed so the purchasers can play it safe likewise.

1

BIS System Set up

A

1991

2

ISI Set up

B

2000

3

ECO Mark Set up

C

1955

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Answer :

1-B, 2-C, 3-A

1

ISO accreditation set up

A

1947

2

Hallmark  set up

B

1937

3

Agmark Set Up

C

1971

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Answer :

1-A, 2-C, 3-B

1

The association which helps direct the purchasers on the best way to document cases in the customer courts are prevalently called

A

ISO

2

The association which helps direct the purchasers on the best way to document cases in the customer courts are not called

B

shopper gatherings

3

imprint would it be a good idea for you to search for while purchasing nectar

C

shopper cells

4

imprint would it not be a good idea for you to search for while purchasing nectar

D

Agmark

 

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Answer :

1-B, 2-C, 3-D, 4-A

1

The offices which investigate the grievances of the purchasers are prominently called

A

a purchaser can approach, having a case of Rs. 40 lakhs

2

The offices which investigate the grievances of the purchasers are not called

B

purchaser courts

3

State Consumer Court

C

a purchaser cannot approach, having a case of Rs. 40 lakhs

4

National Consumer Court

D

purchaser consumer

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Answer :

1-B, 2-D, 3-A, 4-C

1

ISI

A

International Organization for Standardization

2

ISO

B

World Customs Organization

3

WCO

C

Indian Standards Institution

4

AGMARK

D

Agriculture Mark

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Answer :

1-C, 2-A, 3-B, 4-D

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The GSEB Books for class 10 are designed as per the syllabus followed Gujarat Secondary and Higher Secondary Education Board provides key detailed, and a through solutions to all the questions relating to the GSEB textbooks.

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