CBSE Solutions for Class 10 Geography

CBSE Solutions for class 10 Subject & Chapters Wise :

Rainwater harvesting is compulsory in the state of _____

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Tamil Nadu

River Yamuna is getting polluted due to
 

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industrial affluents

The average water consumption per person is ___ cu km/year
 

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6000

____ are normally sparsely populated.
 

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thick forests

Low-lying areas are susceptible to 
 

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water logging

Which of the following animals are protected under CITES?
 

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Dolphins

The life supporting system is known as
 

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Ecosystem

The zone of earth’s atmosphere where life exists is called
 

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Biosphere

The evaporation of water takes place due to

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Water Cycle

A dripping tap is capable of wasting approximately how much amount of water per year?

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Answer :

1200 litres

The moisture of soil can be retained by the process of

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Mulching

The process of piling up of rocks to prevent water flow is called

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Rock Dam

Which of the following is used to conserve the soil?

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Mulching

Overgrazing is responsible for causing

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soil depletion

Which part of soil is fit for vegetation?
 

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top soil

How much time is taken to form 1 cm of soil

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100s of year

Which of the following states of India are notorious for witnessing maximum number of landslides
 

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Uttrakhand

Mass movement of rocks down the hills could be a sign of 

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Landslides

Soil is made up of

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organic materials & rocks

As the exposed rock break off and start decaying due to temperature change, this process is called

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Weathering

The type of soil is determined by

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landforms

Which of the following steps is a major threat to the environment?

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Desertification

An example of common property resource is

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Land for common usage

Private land properties are owned by

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Individuals

How much percent of earth’s area is occupied by land?

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Answer :

30

What are the steps taken by Government to conserve flora and fauna of the country?

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Answer :

• To protect flora and fauna, the Indian wildlife protection Act was implemented in 1972, with various provisions for protecting habitats.
• An all–India list of protected species was also published. The main aim of the program was towards protecting the remaining population of certain endangered species by banning hunting, giving legal protection to their habitats and restricting trade in wildlife.
• Central and many stage governments established national parks and wildlife sanctuaries.
• The central government announced several projects for protecting specific animals, which were gravely threatened, including the tiger, the one horned rhinoceros, the Kashmir stag etc.
• Most recently, the Indian elephant, black buck, the great Indian bustard and the snow leopard, etc. have been full or partial legal protection against hunting and trade throughout India.

Describe the role of the community in forest and wildlife conservation.

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Answer :

• In Sariska Tiger Reserve, Rajasthan, villagers have fought against mining and destruction of forest by citing the Wildlife Protection Act.
• The inhabitants of five villages in the Alwar district of Rajasthan have declared 1,200 hectares of forest as the Bhairodev Dakav ‘Sonchuri’, declaring their own set of rules and regulations which do not allow hunting, and are protecting the wildlife against any outside encroachments.
• The Bishnois of Rajasthan are well known for protecting black bucks (chinkara) an endangered species, and herds of black buck, nilgai and peacocks can be seen as an integral part of the community and nobody harms them.
• The famous Chipko Movement in the Himalayas led by local communities, especially women, successfully resisted deforestation in several areas.
• Joint forest management (JFM) is a programme which involves local communities in the management and restoration of degraded forests.

What has been the contribution of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act in protecting habitats in India. Explain.

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Answer :

The Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act was implemented in 1972, with various provisions for protecting habitats.
• An all-India list of protected species was also published.
• The main focus was on protecting the remaining population of certain endangered species by banning hunting, giving legal protection to their habitats, and restricting trade in wildlife.
• Central and many state governments established national parks and wildlife sanctuaries.
• The central government also announced several projects for protecting specific animals, which were seriously threatened such as tiger, one-horned rhinoceros etc. (Any three)

Distinguish between endangered species and extinct species of wild animals. Give one example of each.
 

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Endangered species:
• These are species which are in danger of extinction.
• The survival of such species is difficult if the negative factors that have led to a decline in their population continue to operate.
• Examples are black buck, crocodile, Indian wild ass, Indian rhino
Extinct:
• These are species which are not found after searches of known or likely areas where they may occur.
• A species may be extinct from a local area, region, country, continent or the entire earth. As, these species are finished, so they cannot be revived.
• Example – Asiatic cheetah, Pink-head duck.

What is biological diversity? Why biodiversity is important for human lives?

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Biological diversity means the variety of all living things, plants, animals and microorganisms living on the earth that are dependent on one other.
It is important for human lives because:
• Human beings depend on biodiversity for their very survival.
• The plants, animals and micro-organisms re-create the quality of air, water and soil which human use for their survival.

How many types of forest are classified in India? Explain it.

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Forests are classified under the three categories:
• Reserved Forests: More than half of the total forests are declared as Reserved forests. They are maintained for the production of timber and other forest produce and for protective reasons.
• Protected Forests: Almost one-third of the total forest area is Protected forests. This forest land is protected from any further depletion.
• Unclassed Forests: These are other forests and wastelands belonging to both government and private individuals and communities.

‘Large-scale development projects have also contributed significantly to the loss of forests.’ Support the statement by giving examples.

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Answer :

• Large-scale development projects need lands in large number to be implemented which result in the clearing of forests in that area.
• Since 1951, over 5,000 sq km of forest was cleared for river valley projects.
• Clearing of forests is still continuing with projects like the Narmada Sagar Project in Madhya Pradesh, which would inundate 40,000 hectares of forest.

Explain any three methods of forest conservation adopted by the government after independence.

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Answer :

• The Indian wildlife Protection Act was implemented in 1972 with aim to protect wild life.
• Government established national parks, Biosphere reserves and Wildlife Sanctuaries.
• The central government announced several projects for protecting specific animals such as Project Tiger.

“Forests play a key role in the ecological system.” Highlight the value of forests in our life.
 

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Answer :

• Forests play a key role in the ecological system as these are the primary producers on which all other living beings depend.
• It supports diverse flora and fauna which are part of our life.
• It provide us fruits, flowers, medicine, wood etc.

Write any three measures to conserve ecosystem?

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Three measures to conserve ecosystem are the following:
(i) Afforestation should be encouraged in the areas where deforestation takes place.
(ii) Awareness should be created among people about the importance of natural vegetation and wildlife.
(iii) Using non-conventional sources of energy such as solar, wind and tidal energy.

1

Normal Species

A

Black Buck

2

Endangered Species

B

Blue Sheep

3

Vulnerable Species

C

Cattle

4

Rare Species

D

Himalayan Brown Bear

Answer-

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Answer :

1-C, 2-A, 3-B, 4-D

1

Normal Species

A

Asiatic Elephant

2

Endangered Species

B

Sal

3

Vulnerable Species

C

Wild Asiatic Buffalo

4

Rare Species

D

Crocodile

Answer-

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1-B, 2-D, 3-A, 4-C

1

Normal Species

A

Desert Fox

2

Endangered Species

B

Pine

3

Vulnerable Species

C

Indian Ass

4

Rare Species

D

Asiatic Elephant

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Answer :

1-B, 2-C, 3-D, 4-A

1

state have less than 10% of their area under forests

A

Madhya Pradesh

2

state has the largest area under permanent forests

B

Haryana

3

state has the least area under permanent forests

C

Delhi

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Answer :

1-A, 2-C, 3-B

1

share of India in the total number of species in the world

A

15000

2

the approximate number of species of animals found in India

B

8%

3

flowering plants in India

C

81000

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Answer :

1-B, 2-C, 3-A

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Browse & Download CBSE Books For Class 10 - All Subjects

The GSEB Books for class 10 are designed as per the syllabus followed Gujarat Secondary and Higher Secondary Education Board provides key detailed, and a through solutions to all the questions relating to the GSEB textbooks.

The purpose is to provide help to the students with their homework, preparing for the examinations and personal learning. These books are very helpful for the preparation of examination.

For more details about the GSEB books for Class 10, you can access the PDF which is as in the above given links for the same.

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