CBSE Solutions for Class 10 Geography

Select CBSE Solutions for class 10 Subject & Chapters Wise :

Which country produces the best quality tea in the world?

Hide | Show

Answer :

Kenya, India, China, Sri Lanka produce the best quality tea in the world.

What is the aim of agricultural development?

Hide | Show

Answer :

The ultimate aim of agricultural development is to increase food security.

What is pisciculture?

Hide | Show

Answer :

Pisciculture involves breeding of fish in specially constructed tanks and ponds.

What is sericulture?

Hide | Show

Answer :

Sericulture is the commercial rearing of silk worms.

What is the main characteristic of plantation agriculture?

Hide | Show

Answer :

In plantation agriculture only a single crop is grown.

What is arable land?

Hide | Show

Answer :

The land on which the crops are grown is known as arable land.

Which country is the leading producer of coffee?

Hide | Show

Answer :

Brazil is the leading producer followed by Columbia and India.

Name the staple diet of the tropical and sub-tropical regions.

Hide | Show

Answer :

Rice is the staple diet of the tropical and sub-tropical regions.

Which two countries lead in the production of jute?

Hide | Show

Answer :

India and Bangladesh are the leading producers of jute.

What are fibre crops?

Hide | Show

Answer :

Jute and cotton are fibre crops.

What are the two main types of farming?

Hide | Show

Answer :

Farming can be classified into two main types: subsistence farming and commercial farming.

In what season is wheat grown in India?

Hide | Show

Answer :

In India it is grown in winter.

What do you mean by viticulture?

Hide | Show

Answer :

Viticulture is the cultivation of grapes

Which crop is known as golden fibre?

Hide | Show

Answer :

Jute is known as the ‘Golden Fibre’.

True/False :- Less labour is required to pick the tea leaves.

Hide | Show

Answer :

False

True/False :- Maize is also known as corn.

Hide | Show

Answer :

True

True/False :- Smaller holdings are more suitable for commercial agriculture.

Hide | Show

Answer :

False

True/False :- The farmer generally resides in the farm.

Hide | Show

Answer :

True

True/False :- Selling of grocery is a tertiary activity.

Hide | Show

Answer :

True

Fill in the blanks :- In the world, ______ per cent of persons are engaged in agricultural activity.

Hide | Show

Answer :

50

Fill in the blanks :- ______________  agriculture is prevalent in the thickly populated areas of the monsoon regions of south, southeast and east Asia.

Hide | Show

Answer :

Intensive subsistence 

Fill in the blanks :- ________________ thrives best in well drained loamy soil.

Hide | Show

Answer :

Wheat

Fill in the blanks :- A typical farm size in the ________  is about 250 hectares.

Hide | Show

Answer :

USA

Fill in the blanks :- Major plantations are found in the ________ regions of the world.

Hide | Show

Answer :

tropical

Which is the third most important food crop of India? Name the cropping season in which it is grown. Name four leading states of its production.

Hide | Show

Answer :

Jowar is the third most important food crop with respect to area and production. It is mainly the crop of Kharif season. It is a rainfed crop grown in moist areas.
Leading states of production are: Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh.

What are coarse grains? Why are they important in India? Name the crops which are included in this category and name three leading states producing each of these crops.

Hide | Show

Answer :

Millets are called coarse grains. They are important because they have high nutritional value and make an important part of the diet for poor people.
Most important millets are as follows:

  1. Ragi —Leading producer is Karnataka, followed by Tamil Nadu. Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Uttaranchal, Sikkim etc are other important regions.
  2. Jowar—Maharashtra is the leading producer followed by Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh.
  3. Bajra—It grows well on sandy soils and shallow black soils. Rajasthan is the largest producer followed by Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat and Haryana.

Write two geographical conditions required for the growth of Ragi and write its nutritional value.

Hide | Show

Answer :

Geographical conditions:

  • Ragi grows well in dry regions.
  • It grows well on red, black, sandy, loamy and shallow black soils.

Nutritional value: Ragi is rich in iron, calcium, other micro-nutrients and roughage.

Mention two geographical conditions required for the growth of Maize crop in India. Describe three factors which have contributed to increase maize production. Write four major maize producing states. (2012)

Hide | Show

Answer :

Geographical conditions required for the growth of maize crop in .India:

  1. It is a kharif crop which requires temperature between 21° C to 27° C. It requires moderate rainfall between 50-100 cm.
  2. It grows well in old alluvial soils.
    Maize is a crop which is used both as food and fodder. In some states like Bihar, maize is grown in rabi season also. Maize production in India has increased due to factors like:
    • use of modern inputs such as HYV seeds;
    • use of fertilisers; and
    • use of irrigation facilities.
    • major maize producing state: Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Andhra Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh.

Name three pulses each of Rabi and Kharif season. Write their importance for human beings and for agriculture.

Hide | Show

Answer :

Pulses of Rabi season: Tur (arhar), urad, moong.
Pulses of Kharif season: Masur, peas, gram.
Importance of pulses:

  • For agriculture. Being leguminous crops, they help in restoring soil fertility by utilising nitrogen from the air (nitrogen fixation). Therefore, these are mostly grown in rotation with other crops.
  • They need less moisture and survive even in dry conditions.

What is India’s position in the world regarding sugarcane production? Write the geographical conditions required for its growth.

Hide | Show

Answer :

India is the second largest producer of sugarcane after Brazil.
Geographical conditions: It is a tropical as well as subtropical crop.

  • It grows well in hot and humid climate.
  • Temperature: 21°C to 27°C.
  • Annual rainfall between 75 cm and 100 cms. Irrigation is required in the regions of low rainfall.
  • It can be grown on a variety of soils.
  • It needs manual labour from sowing to harvesting.

Name six oilseeds produced in India. What are their main uses?

Hide | Show

Answer :

Six major oilseeds produced in India are: Groundnut, mustard, coconut, sesamum (til), soyabean, castor-seeds, linseed, sunflower and cotton-seeds.
Most of these oilseeds are edible and are used as cooking mediums.
Some are also used as raw material in the production of soap, cosmetics and ointments.

Write the geographical and labour conditions required for the growth of tea.

Hide | Show

Answer :

Geographical conditions:

  1. It grows well in tropical and subtropical climates.
  2. It requires deep, fertile, well drained soil, rich in humus and organic matter.
  3. It requires warm and moist frost free climate round the year.
  4. Frequent showers evenly distributed through the year ensure continuous growth of tender leaves.
  5. Tea is a labour intensive industry. It requires abundant, cheap and skilled labour.
  6. It is processed within tea gardens to restore its freshness.

What is India’s position in the world regarding tea production? Name three states each which produce tea in:
(i) North-Eastern India
(ii) Himalayan states/parts of the states
(iii) Peninsular States.

Hide | Show

Answer :

India is the leading producer and exporter of tea in the world.
Three states producing tea in each of the following:

North-Eastern States

Himalayan Regions/States

Peninsular States

1. Assam

1. Hills of West Bengal

1. Tamil Nadu

2. Meghalaya

(Darjeeling & Jalpaiguri Districts)

2. Kerala

3. Tripura

2. Himachal Pradesh

3. Andhra Pradesh

 

3. Uttaranchal

 

Which is the most important beverage crop of Southern India and what is its percentage share in the world? Where did its cultivation initially start in India? Name three major states of its production.

Hide | Show

Answer :

Coffee is the most important beverage crop of Southern India. India produces about 4% of the world’s coffee production.
Three major states which produce coffee are: Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu, mainly in Nilgiri Hills. Initially its cultivation started in Baba Budan Hills.

1

Rubber

A

Silk Worm

2

Natural Silk

B

Fiber Crop

3

Cotton

C

equatorial crop

4

Jute

D

Golden FIbre

Hide | Show

Answer :

1-C, 2-A, 3-B, 4-D

1

Cash Crop

A

Bamboo

2

Food Crops

B

Rubber

3

Feed crops

C

sunflower

4

Fiber crops

D

Barley

Hide | Show

Answer :

1-B, 2-D, 3-A, 4-C

1

Cash Crop

A

Hemp

2

Food Crops

B

Cocoa

3

Feed crops

C

Apple

4

Fiber crops

D

Beets

Hide | Show

Answer :

1-B, 2-C, 3-D, 4-A

Crop and Sowing Season

1

Rabi

A

Winter from October to December

2

Kharif

B

in the months of March to July

3

Zaid

C

Beginning of the rainy season between April and May

Hide | Show

Answer :

1-A, 2-C, 3-B

Harvesting Season & Crop

1

Rabi

A

June end

2

Kharif

B

Summer from

April to June

3

Zaid

C

September-October

Hide | Show

Answer :

1-B, 2-C, 3-A

Take a Test

Choose your Test :

Browse & Download CBSE Books For Class 10 - All Subjects

The GSEB Books for class 10 are designed as per the syllabus followed Gujarat Secondary and Higher Secondary Education Board provides key detailed, and a through solutions to all the questions relating to the GSEB textbooks.

The purpose is to provide help to the students with their homework, preparing for the examinations and personal learning. These books are very helpful for the preparation of examination.

For more details about the GSEB books for Class 10, you can access the PDF which is as in the above given links for the same.

ask-a-doubt ask-a-doubt