CBSE Solutions for Class 10 Geography

Select CBSE Solutions for class 10 Subject & Chapters Wise :

Classify industries on the basis of source of raw materials.

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Answer :

On the basis of source of raw materials used, industries are of two types

  • Agro-based: Cotton, woollen, jute, silk, textile, rubber, sugar, tea, coffee and edible oil.
  • Mineral-based: Iron and steel, cement, aluminium, machine tools, petrochemicals.

Which sector of economy do manufacturing industries fall in?

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Answer :

Manufacturing industries fall in the secondary sector.

Which countries are considered prosperous?

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Answer :

Countries that transform their raw materials into a wide variety of furnished goods of higher value are considered prosperous.

Where was the cotton textile industry concentrated in the country in the early years?

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Answer :

In the early years, the cotton textile industry was concentrated in the cotton growing belt of Maharashtra and Gujarat.

When and where was the first successful textile mill established?

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Answer :

The first successful textile mill was established in Mumbai in 1854.

Why did our traditional industries suffer a setback during the colonial period?

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Answer :

Our traditional industries suffered a setback during the colonial period because they could not compete with the mill-made cloth from England.

Mention some industries that are based on agricultural raw materials.

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Answer :

Cotton, jute, silk, woollen, textile, sugar and edible oil etc., industries are based on agricultural raw materials.

Classify industries on the basis of the bulk and weight of raw material and finished goods.

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Answer :

Based on the bulk and weight of raw material and finished goods, industries are classified into two types-

  • Heavy industries such as iron and steel.
  • Light industries that use light raw materials and produce light goods such as electrical industries.

What are known as agglomeration economies?
 

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Answer :

Many industries tend to come together to make use of the advantages offered by the urban centres known as agglomeration economies.

What does India’s prosperity lie in?

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Answer :

India’s prosperity lies in increasing and diversifying its manufacturing industries as quickly as possible.

Why is iron and steel industry called the basic industry?

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Answer :

It is called so because all other industries like heavy, medium and light, depend on this industry for their machinery.

What are mineral-based industries?

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Answer :

Industries that use minerals and metals as raw materials are called mineral-based industries.

Why is sugar industry suited to the cooperative sector?

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Answer :

Sugar industry is suited to the cooperative sector because sugar production is seasonal in nature and saves the producers from the exploitation of money lenders

Mention India’s position in the production of sugar.

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Answer :

India stands second as a world producer of sugar but occupies the first place in the production of gur and khandsari.

What has once again opened the opportunity for jute products?

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Answer :

The growing global concern for environment-friendly, biodegradable materials, has once again opened the opportunity for jute products.

Where are most of the jute mills located in West Bengal?

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Answer :

Most of the jute mills are located in West Bengal, mainly along the banks of the Hugli river, in a narrow belt which is 98 km long and 3 km wide.

Mention India’s position in the world in the production of raw jute and jute goods.

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Answer :

India is the largest producer of raw jute and jute goods and stands at second place as an exporter after Bangladesh.

Name the countries which import cotton goods from India.

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Answer :

Japan, USA, UK, Russia, France, East European countries, Nepal, Singapore, Sri Lanka and African countries.

Name some industries that are supported by the cotton textile industry.

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Answer :

  • Chemicals and dyes
  • Mill stores
  • Packaging materials
  • Engineering works

Mention the factors that contributed towards the localisation of the cotton textile industry in Maharashtra and Gujarat.

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Answer :

Availability of raw cotton, market, transport including accessible port facilities, labour, moist climate, etc., contributed towards the localisation in Maharashtra and Gujarat.

What is the use of steel?

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Answer :

Steel is needed to manufacture a variety of engineering goods, construction material, defence, medical, telephonic, scientific equipment and a variety of consumer goods.

Why is iron and steel a heavy industry?

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Answer :

Iron and steel is a heavy industry because all the raw materials as well as finished goods are heavy and bulky entailing heavy transportation costs.

Which country is the largest producer as well as the largest consumer of steel?

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Answer :

China is the largest producer as well as the largest consumer of steel.

Which is the electronic capital of India?

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Answer :

Bengaluru is the electronic capital of India.

Name important centres for electronic goods other than Bengaluru.

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Answer :

Mumbai, Delhi, Hyderabad, Pune, Chennai, Kolkata, Lucknow and Coimbatore.

“The textile industry is the only industry in the country which is self-reliant and complete in the value chain.” Justify the statement.

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Answer :

(i) The textile industry contributes significantly to industrial production (14 percent), employment generation (35 million persons directly) and foreign exchange earnings (about 24.6 percent).

(ii) It contributes 4 percent towards GDP.

(iii) It is the only industry in the country, which is self-reliant and complete in the value chain i.e. from raw material to the highest value added products. The following flow chart shows value addition in the textile industry:

Give a classification of industries on the basis of ownership.

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Answer :

On the basis of ownership, industries are classified in the following ways-

(i) Public sector industries are owned and operated by government agencies; for example, BHEL, SAIL, etc.

(ii) Private sector industries are owned and operated by individuals or a group of individuals; for example, TISCO, Bajaj Auto Ltd, Dabur industries, etc.

(iii) Joint sector industries are jointly run by the state and individuals or a group of individuals; for example, Oil India Limited (OIL) is jointly owned by public and private sectors.

(iv) Cooperative sector industries are owned and operated by the producers or suppliers of raw materials, workers or both.

Explain any three reasons for the expansion of sugar industry in the southern and western states of India. (Imp.)

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Answer :

In recent years, there is a tendency for the sugar mills to shift and concentrate in the southern and western states, especially in Maharashtra because of the following reasons:

  • The cane produced in these states has a higher sucrose content.
  • The cooler climate of these regions also ensures a longer crushing season.
  • Also, the cooperatives are more successful in these states.

What were the major objectives of the National Jute Policy, 2005? Why has been the internal demand for jute on the increase?

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Answer :

In 2005, National Jute Policy was formulated with the following objectives:

  • To increase productivity
  • To improve quality
  • To ensure good prices to the jute farmers, and
  • To enhance the yield per hectare.

The internal demand for jute has been on the increase because of the following reasons:

  • The government has made it mandatory to use jute packaging.
  • The growing global concern for environment friendly, biodegradable materials, has once again opened the opportunity for jute products.

Why is India not able to perform to her full potential in iron and steel production? Explain any three reasons.

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Answer :

Although India is an important iron and steel producing country in the world, we are not able to perform to our full potential largely due to the following reasons:

  • High costs and limited availability of coking coal, which is an important raw material for iron and steel industry.
  • Lower productivity of labour. We know iron and steel industry requires cheap, hard and skilled labour. Cheap labour, no doubt, is available in our country but there is always dearth of skilled labour.
  • Irregular power supply. Our country faces severe crisis of power.

“Agriculture and industry move hand in hand.” Analyse the statement with three examples.

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Answer :

Industry and agriculture go hand in hand. This can be proved from the following examples:

  • The agro-based industries in India have given a major boost to agriculture by raising its productivity.
  • Industries depend on the agriculture for raw materials and sell their products such as irrigation pumps, fertilisers, insecticides, pesticides, plastic and PVC pipes, machines and tools, etc., to the farmers.
  • Development and competitiveness of manufacturing industry has not only helped agriculturists in increasing their production but also made the production processes very efficient.

Analyse three major challenges faced by the sugar-industry in India.

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Answer :

The sugar industry in India faces several challenges. Three of them are:

  • Seasonal nature of the industry
  • Old and inefficient methods of production of sugar
  • Transport delay in reaching cane to factories.

Why has the Chhotanagpur Plateau Region the maximum concentration of iron and steel industries? Analyse the reasons.

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Answer :

It is because of the relative advantages this region has for the development of this industry:

  • Low cost of iron ore is available, since it is mined in this region.
  • Iron and steel industry requires high-grade coal, limestone and manganese ore as raw materials. These things are available in abundance in close proximity in this region.
  • Cheap labour is also available here.
  • There is a vast growth potential in the home market well connected by roadways and railways.

Explain with examples, how do industries give boost to the agriculture sector?

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Answer :

Industry and agriculture go hand in hand. This can be proved from the following examples:

  • The agro-based industries in India have given a major boost to agriculture by raising its productivity.
  • Industries depend on the agriculture for raw materials and sell their products such as irrigation pumps, fertilisers, insecticides, pesticides, plastic and PVC pipes, machines and tools, etc., to the farmers.
  • Development and competitiveness of manufacturing industry has not only helped agriculturists in increasing their production but also made the production processes very efficient.

“Industrialisation and urbanisation go hand in hand.” Validate the statement.
 

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Answer :

(i) After an industrial activity starts in a town, urbanisation follows. Industry provides employment to the people of the area. Population migrates from rural hunterlands to seek jobs and other opportunities.

(ii) Housing and transport facilities are developed to accommodate these people. Other infrastructural developments also take place leading to growth and development of the town into a city.

(iii) Sometimes, industries are located in or near the cities. Cities provide markets and services such as banking, insurance, transport, labour, consultants and financial advice, etc., to the industry. Thus, industrialisation and urbanisation go hand in hand

1

Cotton textile industry

A

Kolar

2

Woolen industry

B

Surat

3

Silk industry

C

Amritsar

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Answer :

1-B, 2-C, 3-A

1

Cotton textile industry

A

Ahmedabad

2

Woolen industry

B

Mysuru

3

Silk industry

C

Gurgaon

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Answer :

1-A, 2-C, 3-B

Iron & Steel

1

Maharastra

A

Jamshedpur

2

Karnataka

B

Dolvi

3

Orrisa

C

Bhadravati

4

Jharkhand

D

Kalinga Nagar

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Answer :

1-B, 2-C, 3-D, 4-A

Software Technology Park

1

Punjab

A

Jaipur

2

Uttar Pradesh

B

Mohali

3

Rajasthan

C

Gandhinagar

4

Gujarat

D

Noida

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Answer :

1-B, 2-D, 3-A, 4-C

Iron & Steel

1

Chattisgarh

A

Vijaynagar

2

Karnataka

B

Burnpur

3

West Bengal

C

Bhilai

4

Tamil Nadu

D

Salem

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Answer :

1-C, 2-A, 3-B, 4-D

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Browse & Download CBSE Books For Class 10 - All Subjects

The GSEB Books for class 10 are designed as per the syllabus followed Gujarat Secondary and Higher Secondary Education Board provides key detailed, and a through solutions to all the questions relating to the GSEB textbooks.

The purpose is to provide help to the students with their homework, preparing for the examinations and personal learning. These books are very helpful for the preparation of examination.

For more details about the GSEB books for Class 10, you can access the PDF which is as in the above given links for the same.

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