CBSE Solutions for Class 10 Geography

Select CBSE Solutions for class 10 Subject & Chapters Wise :

When and where the first train was travelled?

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Answer :

1853, Mumbai to Thane

Which is the longest National Highway of India?

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Answer :

NH7, Varanasi to Kanniyakumari

Name the roads which help military.

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Answer :

Boarder Roads

Name the Inland Riverine Port of India.

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Answer :

Kolkata

Name the deepest and land locked port of India.

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Answer :

Vishakhapatnam

What is the density of roads in Jammu and Kashmir?

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Answer :

10km

Which port caters to the need for export of Iron ore from Kudermukh mines?

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Answer :

New Mangalore

In which states special provision have been made to extend air services to common people?

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Answer :

North-eastern states

Where is the head quarter of the southern Railway Zone?

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Answer :

Chennai

How much is the length of coastline of India?

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Answer :

7516.6 km

Name the language in which the largest numbers of newspapers are published in India?

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Answer :

Hindi

Which is first port to be developed just after independence?

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Answer :

Kandla Port

What is India’s position among the best tourist destinations of the world?

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Answer :

Forth

Name any two airlines that provide domestic air services.

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Answer :

Indian Airlines and Alliance Air

Name the oldest artificial port and second most important port of the country?

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Answer :

Chennai port

Which mean of transportation carried 95 percent of India’s trade volume?

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Answer :

Water ways

Which mean of transport is a new arrival on the map of India?

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Answer :

Pipeline

Which is the longest National Highway of India?

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Answer :

National Highway-1

Name the extreme cities which are connected by East-west Corridors?

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Answer :

Silcher( Assam) and Porbander (Gujarat).

Which department is responsible for the construction and maintenance of the District Roads?

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Answer :

Zila Parishad

Six Lane Highways are called __________

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Answer :

Golden quadrilateral super highways

Golden quadrilateral super highways are maintained by __________

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Answer :

NHAI

Villages are connected to a major town through this scheme of roads __________

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Answer :

PMGSY

Border Roads are constructed by ________

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Answer :

BRO

Provides door-to-door connectivity _____________

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Answer :

Roadways

Analyse the physiographic and economic factors that have influenced the distribution pattern of the railway network in our country. (2015 D)

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Answer :

Factors that affect the distribution pattern of railway network in India:
(i) Physiographic factors. The Northern plains with vast level land, high population density and rich agricultural resources provide most favourable conditions for railway network. The nature of terrain and the number of rivers running through the region determine the density of railway network in that region. Mountains, marshy, sandy and forested areas have sparse network whereas plain areas have dense network of the railways. It was difficult to lay railway lines on the sandy plains of Western Rajasthan, swamps of Gujarat and forested tracks of Madhya Pradesh.

(ii) Economic factors. Regions which have rich resources and are economically more developed have denser network of railways in comparison to the regions with low economic development.

(iii) Administrative factors. The administrative and political decisions also affect the distribution of railway network in a region.

Which factors affect the distribution pattern of the railway network in the country?

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Answer :

Factors that affect the distribution pattern of railway network in India:

  1. Physical factors: The nature of terrain and the number of rivers running through the region will determine the density of railway network in that region.
    For example, mountains, marshy, sandy and forested areas have sparse network whereas plain areas have dense network of the railways.
  2. Economic factors: Regions which have rich resources and are economically more developed have denser network of railways in comparison to the regions with low economic development.
  3. Administrative factors: The administrative and political decisions also affect the distribution of railway network in a region.

Why is road transport more useful than rail transport in India. Give reasons. (2016 OD, 2013 D)

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Answer :

Roadways score over railways:

  1. Construction of roads is easier and cheaper as compared to railways.
  2. Roads provide door to door service, thus the cost of loading and unloading is much lower as compared to railways which generally leave the people and goods at the destined railway stations.
  3. Roads can negotiate higher gradients of slope and, as such, can traverse through mountainous terrain. But railways cannot negotiate steep gradients.
  4. Road transport is economical in transportation of few persons and relatively smaller amount of goods over short distances.
  5. Road transport is also used as a feeder to other modes of transport. They provide links between railway stations, airports and sea ports.
  6. They link agricultural farms with markets and industries, thus linking rural and urban areas.

Name three means of land transport and write one advantage of each.

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Answer :

Three means of land transport:

  1. Roadways. They can be laid in any type of terrain and provide door to door service.
  2. Railways. They can carry huge loads to long distances, therefore they are of great significance in the national economy.
  3. Pipelines. These can be used for transporting liquid, gaseous and solid material to great distances at low cost.

Examine with examples the role of means of transport and communication in making our life prosperous and comfortable.

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Answer :

Transport and communication have a major role to play in making our lives prosperous and comfortable:

  1. Means of transport provide seamless movement of goods and people and thus facilitate various economic activities.
  2. Means of communication help in flow of information which is necessary for proper management of supply chain and financial transactions. Today, we are living in the age of communication, using telephone, television, films and Internet. Even books, magazines and newspapers are important means of communication.
  3. Various means of transport and communication have reduced distances, bringing the world closer. Modern life is so complex that one has to depend on others. The same is true of the countries as well. No country today can prosper without the co-operation and assistance of others. This requires movement of goods and materials between countries. Trade provides us with our necessities and also adds to the amenities and comfort of our life.
  4. Transport like railways help us in conducting various activities like business, sight seeing, pilgrimage and transportation of goods over longer distances.
  5. Water provide the cheapest means of transport and is useful for international trade. Air transport provides the fastest, most comfortable mode of transport. Pipelines are used for transporting crude oil and natural gas to refineries and factories.
    Thus, means of transport and communication put life into a nation and its economy. Hence, they are called the lifelines of a nation and its economy.

How are means of transport and communication complementary to each other? Explain with three examples. (2013 OD)

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Answer :

  1. Transport and communication establish links between producing centres and consuming centres. Trade or the exchange of such commodities relies on transportation and communication. Transport provides the network of links and carriers through which trade takes place.
  2. Dense network of roads, railways and airways connect the remote areas of the country hence help in production and distribution of goods and services.
  3. Advancement in communication system has accelerated trade by carrying information all over the world quickly.
  4. Good transport helps in quick carrying of raw material from remote areas to the production centre and allows distribution of goods efficiently.
  5. With expansion of rail, ocean and air transport, better means of refrigeration and preservation, trade has experienced spatial expansion.

Why do the movement of goods and services form one place to another require fast and efficient means of transport? Explain with examples.

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Answer :

Transport plays an important role in the economy. Because of transport raw materials reach the factory and finished products reach to the consumer. The pace of development of a country depends upon the production of goods and services as well as their movement over space. Today the world has converted into a large village with the help of efficient and fast moving transport:

  1. Good transport helps in quick carrying of raw materials from remote areas to the production centre and allows distribution of goods efficiently.
  2. Transport helps in the development of communication. Various means of communication help us in interacting with other people in all the parts of the world. It has brought the world closer.
  3. Transport like railways helps us in conducting various activities like business, sight seeing, pilgrimages, etc.
  4. Pipelines are used for transporting crude oil and natural gas to refineries and factories.
  5. Water provides the cheapest means of transport and is useful for international trade.
  6. Air transport provides the fastest, most comfortable mode of transport.
  7. Thus, it is clear that there are many advantages of transportation and communication. These means help in the development of the country. So they are rightly called the lifelines of a nation and its economy.

“Modern means of transport and communication serve as lifelines of our nation.” Justify this statement by giving supportive arguments.
Or
“Efficient means of transport are prerequisites for the fast development of the country.” Express your views in favour of this statement. (2016 D, 2014 OD)

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Answer :

India is well linked with the rest of the world despite its vast size and diversities because of efficient means of transport and communication. They are rightly called the lifelines or arteries of a nation because:

  1. Economic development of a country depends on the well developed and efficient means of transport and communication.
  2. They are indispensable for movement of people, goods and services from one place to another.
  3. They have contributed to socio-economic progress in many ways by connecting far flung areas of the country.
  4. They have enriched all aspects of our lives — social, cultural, individual and economic.
  5. They promote trade, tourism and business thus adding value to the economy.
  6. Transport and communication have made possible international trade which is essential for every economy as no country is self-sufficient in all resources.
  7. They link areas of production with consumption, i.e. agricultural farms are linked to the markets and industries.
  8. They help in the balanced regional development of a country.
  9. They play a very important role at the time of natural calamities, i.e., for providing relief measures.
  10. Deficient areas can obtain resources from the regions of surplus, thereby making the interdependence among the regions possible.
  11. They have added substantially to growing amenities and facilities for the comforts of life.

Today the world has become a “global village”. Justify this statement.

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Answer :

Today the world has become a “large village” because of:

  1. efficient and fast means of transport and
  2. development of telecommunication and satellite communication systems.

These two functions, i.e. various means of transport and communication have reduced time and distance, have brought the world closer and the physical distances have become meaningless. For example, now trading from local levels has been extended to the international level and even financial transactions can take place round the world in no time. All this has been made possible because of efficient and quick means of transport and communication.

Why is transportation necessary?

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Answer :

Transportation is necessary:

  1. for the movement of goods and services from their supply location to demand location, i.e. to link production centres with consumption centres.
  2. for the movement of people from one region to the other.
  3. for carrying out trade at all levels.
  4. to supply goods, resources, etc. from the surplus regions to deficient regions.
  5. for supplying relief measures to the regions where some natural calamities strike.
  6. for transporting raw materials from mining regions and farms to the industries, etc.
    Efficient means of transport are the prerequisites for economic development of a nation.

Starting Points and NHs

1

NH 4

A

Barhi

2

NH 3

B

Mumbai

3

NH 31

C

Agra

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Answer :

1-B, 2-C, 3-A

International Airports

1

Varanasi

A

Lal Bahadur Shastri International Airport

2

Kolkata

B

Cochin International Airport

3

Kochi

C

Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport

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Answer :

1-A, 2-C, 3-B

International Airports

1

Nagpur

A

Chaudhary Charan Singh Airport

2

Shillong

B

Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar International Airport

3

Coimbatore

C

Zaruki International Airport

4

Lucknow

D

Civil Aerodrome

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Answer :

1-B, 2-C, 3-D, 4-A

International Airports

1

Bhopal

A

Rajiv Gandhi International Airport

2

Amritsar

B

Raja Bhoj Airport

3

Hydrabad

C

Trivandrum International Airport

4

Thiruvananthapuram

D

Sri Guru Ram Dass Jee International Airport

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Answer :

1-B, 2-D, 3-A, 4-C

International Airports

1

Delhi

A

Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport

2

Mumbai

B

Devi Ahilyabai Holkar Airport

3

Indore

C

Indira Gandhi International Airport

4

Bengluru

D

Kempegowda International Airport

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Answer :

1-C, 2-A, 3-B, 4-D

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Browse & Download CBSE Books For Class 10 - All Subjects

The CBSE Books for class 10 are designed as per the syllabus followed Gujarat Secondary and Higher Secondary Education Board provides key detailed, and a through solutions to all the questions relating to the GSEB textbooks.

The purpose is to provide help to the students with their homework, preparing for the examinations and personal learning. These books are very helpful for the preparation of examination.

For more details about the GSEB books for Class 10, you can access the PDF which is as in the above given links for the same.

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