CBSE Solutions for Class 10 History

Select CBSE Solutions for class 10 Subject & Chapters Wise :

Who produced a popular music book that had a picture on the cover page announcing the Dawn of the Century?

Hide | Show

Answer :

E. T. Paull

Why the export of Indian yarn to China declined in 1906?

Hide | Show

Answer :

Produce from the Chinese and Japanese mills flooded the Chinese market.

Who was the typical worker in the mid-nineteenth century, according to historians?

Hide | Show

Answer :

Traditional craftsperson and labourer.

Write down any one duty of Gomasthas? 

Hide | Show

Answer :

Supervising weavers.

What was Spinning Jenny? 

Hide | Show

Answer :

A machine which speeded up the spinning process and reduced the labour demands.

Which industry followed the cotton industry in England?

Hide | Show

Answer :

Iron and steel industry

Who worked for industrialists to get new recruits? 

Hide | Show

Answer :

Jobber.

Where were most of the large scale industries located in 1911? 

Hide | Show

Answer :

Bengal and Bombay.

Where was the first cotton mill set up in India? 

Hide | Show

Answer :

Bombay in 1854.

Why did the industrial groups in England pressurise the government to impose import duties on cotton textiles? 

Hide | Show

Answer :

To eliminate any competition from outside.

Explain with examples the importance of advertisement in the marketing of the goods.

 

Hide | Show

Answer :

(i) Advertisements play a very vital role in the marketing of any product. 

(ii) New consumers are created is through advertisements.

(iii) Advertisements make products appear desirable and necessary to the customers.

(iv) They try to shape the minds of the people and create new needs. 

(v) The advertisement appear in newspapers, magazines, hoardings, street walls, television screens which have played a part in expanding the markets for products, and in shaping a new consumer culture.

What problems were faced by the Indian cotton weavers in the 19th century? Describe. (2012)

Hide | Show

Answer :

The Indian cotton weavers faced many problems in the 19th century:

  1. Their export collapsed.
  2. The local market shrank being flooded by the Manchester imports. Produced by machines at lower costs, the Manchester cotton goods were so cheap that they attracted the buyers and the Indian textiles could not compete with them.
  3. By 1860, Indian weavers faced a new problem. They could not get sufficient supply of raw cotton of good quality. This happened because a Civil War had broken out in America and the cotton supplies from the US to Britain were cut off and Britain turned to India. As raw cotton export from India
    increased, the price of raw cotton shot up. Indian weavers were forced to buy raw cotton at a very high price, so weaving did not remain profitable.
  4. Factories in India also produced goods at a mass scale which flooded the Indian markets. Thus the Indian weavers faced a tough time and it became difficult to survive.

Why was the reason that the merchants moved to the countryside in Europe during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries? Explain

Hide | Show

Answer :

​​​​​​Merchants moved to the countryside in Europe because:

  1. Production, competition and prices was regulated by the producers
  2. Different guilds were granted with the monopoly right to produce and trade in specific products by the rulers
  3. Expansion of production in towns was not allowed by the powerful urban craft and trade guilds

What was the reason that in the seventeenth-century merchants from towns in Europe began employing peasants and artisans within the villages.

Hide | Show

Answer :

Merchants from towns in Europe began employing peasants and artisans within the villages in the seventeenth century because production in urban areas was not increasing due to the presence of powerful trade guilds. While in the countryside, there was no monopolization or regulated prices, and impoverished peasants were welcoming towards these merchants.

What were guilds? How did they make it difficult for new merchants to set business in towns of England? Explain.

Hide | Show

Answer :

Guilds were the associations of artisans or merchants who controlled the practise of their craft and trade in a particular city. They were very powerful as they were granted monopoly rights by the rulers to produce and trade in specific product. They themselves trained the people in their trade or craft. They regulated competition and restricted the entry of new people in the trade. This made it difficult for the new merchants to set up their business in towns of England.

1

Gomasthas

A

Cotton factories

2

Richard Arkwright

B

Supervisor appointed by the company

3

E. T. Paul

C

created the cotton mill in England

4

a symbol of new era in England in the late eighteenth century      

D

produced a popular music book that had a picture on the cover page announcing the Dawn of the Century

Hide | Show

Answer :

1-B, 2-C, 3-D, 4-A

1

James Watt

A

industry finally collapsed by the end of the 19th century

2

Newcomen

B

improved the steam engine

3

Weaving

C

textile trade

4

The British totally monopolised the

D

invented the first steam engine

Hide | Show

Answer :

1-B, 2-D, 3-A, 4-C

1

Staplers

A

A Fuller ‘fulls’ or gathers cloth by pleating

2

Fullers

B

England

3

the earliest factories come up

C

sorts wool according to its fibre

4

Carding

D

cotton or wool fibres are prepared for spinning

Hide | Show

Answer :

1-C, 2-A, 3-B, 4-D

Take a Test

Choose your Test :

Browse & Download CBSE Books For Class 10 - All Subjects

The GSEB Books for class 10 are designed as per the syllabus followed Gujarat Secondary and Higher Secondary Education Board provides key detailed, and a through solutions to all the questions relating to the GSEB textbooks.

The purpose is to provide help to the students with their homework, preparing for the examinations and personal learning. These books are very helpful for the preparation of examination.

For more details about the GSEB books for Class 10, you can access the PDF which is as in the above given links for the same.

ask-a-doubt ask-a-doubt