CBSE Solutions for Class 10 Politicial Science

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Who are spoken to by the term 'African American'?

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Answer :

African-Americans or the Blacks is the name given to the relatives of Africans who were brought into America as slaves between seventeenth century and mid nineteenth century.

Name the two competitors who fought at the Mexico Olympics in 1968

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Answer :

Tommie Smith, John Carlos.

Characterize the term 'transient'.

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Answer :

Anyone who shifts starting with one area or nation then onto the next locale inside a nation or to another nation, typically for work or different chances, is called traveler.

What is a homogeneous society?

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Answer :

Homogeneous Society: A general public that has comparative sorts of individuals, particularly where there are no critical ethnic contrasts, for instance: Germany and Sweden.

Clarify the importance of democracy.

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Answer :

Democracy can be comprehensively characterized as a type of government where rulers are chosen by the individuals. The agents are chosen through free and reasonable decisions.

What did the African-American competitors do so as to cause worldwide to notice 'dark destitution' in the Mexico Olympic?

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Answer :

1.            At the Mexico Olympics in 1968, two African-American competitors Tommie Smith and John Carlos fought to draw global consideration towards 'dark destitution'.

2.            They had won the bronze and gold decorations individually. They got their awards wearing dark socks and no shoes to speak to dark destitution.

3.            They remained on the triumph board with held clench hands upraised and bowed heads as an image of 'dark power'. Their intention was to cause worldwide to notice racial separation in the United States.

How is that strict contrasts made social division in Northern Ireland and neglected to do likewise in Netherlands? Clarify.

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Answer :

Social division happens when social distinction covers with different contrasts. Both Northern Ireland and Netherlands are prevalently Christian however isolated among Catholics and Protestants.

In Northern Ireland, class and religion cover with one another. The Catholics there are less in number, poor and endured a background marked by segregation. Covering social contrasts made profound social division and strains in Northern Ireland. Subsequently Catholic and Protestants have had strife.

While in the Netherlands, class and religion will in general cut over one another. Catholics and Protestants are about similarly liable to be poor or rich. These cross-slicing social contrasts are simpler to oblige in light of the fact that it is hard to set one gathering of individuals in opposition to the next.

How were Carlos, Smith and Norman punished for their activity at 1968 Mexico Olympics?

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Answer :

Carlos, Smith and Norman won decorations in the 200 meter race in the 1968 Olympics held at Mexico city. Carlos and Smith, the two African-Americans got their awards wearing dark gloves, dark socks and no shoes to speak to Black destitution. They remained with held clench hands upraised and heads bowed, while the American public song of praise was played to cause worldwide to notice racial separation in the United States.

The silver medalist, white Australian competitor, Peter Norman, wore a common freedoms identification on his shirt during the function to show his help to the two African-Americans.

1.  The International Olympic Association held Carlos and Smith blameworthy of abusing the Olympic soul by offering a political expression. Their awards were reclaimed and they were exposed to a great deal of analysis in America.

 

2.  Norman also languished over his activity and was excluded from the Australian group for the following Olympics.

I'm not catching your meaning by 'Social equality Movement in the USA'?

 

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Answer :

Social equality Movement in the USA alludes to a lot of functions and change developments pointed toward annulling legitimate racial victimization African-Americans.

Tommie Smith and John Carlos have a place with which ethnic gathering of America?

 

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Answer :

African-American.

Which function in the USA is alluded as the Black Power Movement (1966-73)?

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Answer :

Development to end bigotry.

Which University has as of late introduced the sculptures of Tommie Smith and John Carlos in its grounds?

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Answer :

The San Jose State University.

Name the Australian competitor who indicated compassion and backing to the two American competitors who attempted to cause global to notice racial segregation in the USA.

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Answer :

Diminish Norman

Name the head of the Civil Rights Movement in USA.

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Answer :

Martin Luther King Junior.

What was 'Social equality Movement' in United States? Clarify. 

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Answer :

• Civil Rights Movement in the USA alludes to a lot of functions and change developments pointed toward nullifying lawful racial oppression African-Americans.

• It was driven by Martin Luther King Jr.

• This development rehearsed peaceful techniques for common rebellion against racially biased laws and practices.

Which kind of social contrast is more perilous and why?

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Answer :

• Overlapping distinction happens when some social contrasts cover different contrasts.

• When one sort of social distinction turns out to be a higher priority than the other and individuals begins feeling that they has a place with various networks.

• Thus they makes prospects of profound social division sand pressures. For instance Black and white contrasts in US turns into a social division on the grounds that the blacks will in general be poor and landless, and frequently face treachery and segregation.

How far does the rise of social contrasts lead to social division? Clarify by giving a reasonable model.

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Answer :

• If social contrasts cross cut each other, it is hard to evade conflicts between the gatherings that hold various perspectives.

• It implies that bunches that share a typical enthusiasm on one issue are probably going to be in various sides of an alternate issue.

• For instance, in Northern Ireland class and religion will in general slice over one another prompting social pressures.

"Social division happens when some social contrasts cover with different contrasts." Justify the announcement.

 

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Answer :

• The distinction between the Blacks and Whites turns into a social division in the US in light of the fact that the Blacks will in general be poor, destitute and victimized.

• In our nation Dalits will in general be poor and landless. They frequently face segregation and bad form.

• One sort of social contrast turns out to be more significant when others begin feeling that they have a place with various networks.

What are the three factors that decide the result of social divisions in governmental issues? Clarify.

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Answer :

• The individuals' view of their personalities: When this is particular, the convenience of different characters gets troublesome.

• Representation of a network by political pioneers: While speaking to a network, on the off chance that lawmakers raise requests that are protected, at that point it is simpler to oblige those requests.

• The administration's response: If the sensible requests of a network are smothered by the administration, at that point it prompts social divisions, which thusly undermine the uprightness of the nation.

Notice one effect of relocation.

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Answer :

Relocation transforms a homogeneous nation into a multi-social nation.

Feature the instance of the Netherlands concerning cross cutting of social contrasts.

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Answer :

In Netherlands, the two Catholics and Protestants cut over one another as both these networks are similarly poor and rich.

Which University has as of late introduced the sculptures of Tommie Smith and John Carlos in its grounds? ​​

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Answer :

The San Jose State University, California, USA has as of late, in 2005, introduced the sculptures of Tommie Smith and John Carlos in its grounds.

What move was made by International Olympic Association against every one of the three Olympians, Carlos, Smith and Norman Peter?

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Answer :

The accompanying moves were made against the three Olympians, Carlos, Smith and Norman.

• Carlos and Smith were held blameworthy of abusing the soul of the gamgs by offering a political expression.

 

•  Their decorations were reclaimed.

 

•  Norman also languished over his activity and was excluded from the Australian group for the following Olympic.

Each social distinction doesn't prompt social division. Do you concur with the announcement? Legitimize your answer.

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Answer :

No, all social contrasts don't prompt social divisions. It relies on the social and political conditions whether a social distinction will prompt a social division. A mix of social contrasts alongside different contrasts aggregately chooses whether or not a social distinction will change over into social division.

For instance, a mix of race and financial backwardness would comprise a social contrast that may prompt social division. Notwithstanding, it relies upon how the ideological groups manage this issue and how the administration reacts to it. It differs all around. While language or religion might be a type of social contrast prompting social division in a specific type of society, it may not happen in another general public because of various winning conditions. For instance, in Belgium, despite the fact that there is phonetic type of social distinction, it has not prompted social division.

What did the dark glove and raised held clench hand mean? For what reason did the two competitors do as such?

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Answer :

The dark glove and raised held clench hand were intended to symboliQuestione dark power. The competitors did as such in the Mexico Olympics (1968) to imply the separation looked by the individuals of color.

With this signal, they attempted to cause global to notice racial separation in the United States. The two men—Tommie Smith and John Carlos—did this to speak to solidarity in Black America. In the United States, during that time, a significant racial segregation was going on where the Black Americans, because of their dull tone, were peered downward on and were not treated as equivalents with the White AmericAnswer: In request to catch global eye on this issue the competitors chose to put on dark glove and raise the held clench hand when they were being granted their awards.

What are the three fundamental factors that decide the result of social divisions in governmental issues? Clarify.

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Answer :

Three components deciding the result of social divisions in legislative issues are:

(I) How individuals see their personalities. In the event that individuals see their characters in restrictive terms, it gets hard to oblige them. However long individuals in Northern Ireland considered themselves to be just Catholic or Protestant, their disparities were hard to accommodate. It is simpler if characters are integral with public personalities. This assists with remaining together. This is the manner by which a great many people in our nation see their character. They feel and think as Indian just as having a place with a State or a language gathering or a social or strict gathering.

 

(ii) How political pioneers raise demands of any network. It is simpler to oblige demands that are inside the sacred structure and are not at the expense of another network. The demand for 'just Sinhala' was at the expense of the intrigue and personality of the Tamil people group in Sri Lanka.

 

(iii) How Government responds to demands of various gatherings. On the off chance that the rulers are happy to share control and oblige the sensible demands of minority network, as in Belgium, social divisions become less undermining for the nation. Yet, in the event that the demand is smothered for the sake of public solidarity, as in Sri Lanka, the final product is very inverse. Such endeavors at constrained reconciliation sow the seeds of breaking down.

What punishment was forced on 'Carlos, Smith and Norman' for their activity at the 1967 Mexico Olympics?

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Answer :

1.  The International Olympic Association held Carlos and Smith blameworthy of disregarding the Olympic soul by offering a political expression. Their awards were reclaimed.

2.    In America, they were exposed to a great deal of analysis.

 

3.  Norman was avoided from the Australian group in the following Olympics.

Clarify the two bases of Social contrasts with models.

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Answer :

Origins of Social contrasts:

1.   Accident of birth. We don't decide to have a place with our locale. We have a place with it just in light of the fact that we were naturally introduced to it. We experience social contrasts dependent on mishap of birth in our regular day to day existences

2.  Based on decisions. A portion of the distinctions depend on our decisions. A few people are skeptics. They don't have confidence in God or any religion. A few people decide to follow a religion other than the one in which they were conceived. The majority of us decide to examine a subject of our advantage and an occupation where we can dominate. All these lead to arrangement of social gatherings that depend on our decisions.

"In a democracy, political articulation of social division is ordinary and can be solid". Legitimize this announcement with appropriate contentions.

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Answer :

In a democracy, political articulation of social divisions is typical and can be sound. This permits different impeded and peripheral social gatherings to communicate their complaints and get the legislature to take care of these.

Taking the instances of Belgium and Sri Lanka, if the rulers are eager to share control and oblige the sensible demands of minority network, social divisions become less undermining for the nation. Indeed it might demonstrate solid for a democracy.

Articulations of different sorts of social divisions in legislative issues frequently brings about their dropping each other and in this manner decreasing their force. This prompts fortifying of democracy.

However long individuals in northern Ireland considered themselves to be just Catholic or Protestant, their disparities were hard to accommodate.

A larger part of Belgians presently feel that they are as much Belgian as they are Dutch or German-talking. This encourages them to remain together.

For what reason do a few people imagine that it's not right to politicize social divisions? Give three reasons.

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Answer :

Social divisions of some sort exist in many nations of the world and these divisions are reflected in legislative issues and influence governmental issues. Articulation of social divisions in legislative issues lead to catastrophe. In the event that social divisions do exist in a nation, they should never be communicated in governmental issues, on the grounds that the mix of legislative issues and social divisions is perilous.

•             Democracy includes rivalry among different ideological groups. Their opposition will in general separation society.

•             If they begin contending regarding some current social division, it can make social divisions into political divisions and lead to strife, savagery or even crumbling of a nation. In Yugoslavia, political rivalry along strict and ethnic lines prompted deterioration of the nation into six free nations.

•             Social divisions influence casting a ballot in many nations. Individuals from one network will in general incline toward some gathering more than others.

What are the three fundamental factors that decide the result of social divisions in legislative issues? Clarify.

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Answer :

Three components deciding the result of social divisions in legislative issues are:

(I) How individuals see their personalities. On the off chance that individuals see their personalities in elite terms, it gets hard to oblige them. However long individuals in Northern Ireland considered themselves to be just Catholic or Protestant, their disparities were hard to accommodate. It is simpler if personalities are corresponding with public characters. This assists with remaining together. This is the manner by which a great many people in our nation see their character. They feel and think as Indian just as having a place with a State or a language gathering or a social or strict gathering.

(ii) How political pioneers raise demands of any network. It is simpler to oblige demands that are inside the established structure and are not at the expense of another network. The demand for 'just Sinhala' was at the expense of the intrigue and personality of the Tamil people group in Sri Lanka.

(iii) How Government responds to demands of various gatherings. In the event that the rulers are eager to share control and oblige the sensible demands of minority network, as in Belgium, social divisions become less compromising for the nation. However, in the event that the demand is stifled for the sake of public solidarity, as in Sri Lanka, the outcome is very inverse. Such endeavors at constrained combination sow the seeds of breaking down.

"Statement of social varieties need not be viewed as a wellspring of peril". Clarify the announcement with three contentions.

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Answer :

•  In a democracy, political articulation of social divisions is typical and can be solid. This permits different burdened and peripheral social gatherings to communicate their complaints and get the legislature to take care of these.

•  Expression of different sorts of social divisions in governmental issues frequently brings about their counterbalancing each other and subsequently lessening their power. This prompts reinforcing of a democracy.

•  But an inspirational demeanor towards diversity and a readiness to oblige it don't come about without any problem. Individuals who feel denied need to battle against the shameful acts. Such a battle frequently takes the majority rule way, voicing their demands in a serene and protected way.

Clarify three factors that decide the result of governmental issues of social divisions.

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Answer :

Three elements deciding the result of governmental issues of social divisions are:

(I) How individuals see their personalities. In the event that individuals see their personalities in selective terms, it gets hard to oblige. However long individuals in Northern Ireland considered themselves to be just Catholic or Protestant, their disparities were hard to accommodate. It is simpler if characters are corresponding with public personalities. This assists with remaining together. This is the way a great many people in our nation see their personality. They feel and think as Indian just as having a place with a State or a language gathering or a social or strict gathering.

(ii) How political pioneers raise demands of any network. It is simpler to oblige demands that are inside the protected structure and are not at the expense of another network. The demand for 'just Sinhala' was at the expense of the intrigue and personality of the Tamil people group in Sri Lanka.

(iii) How Government responds to demands of various gatherings. In the event that the rulers are happy to share control and oblige the sensible demands of minority network, as in Belgium, social divisions become less compromising for the nation. Be that as it may, if the demand is stifled for the sake of public solidarity, as in Sri Lanka, the final product is very inverse. Such endeavors at constrained combination sow the seeds of breaking down.

How were Carlos, Smith and Norman punished for their activity at 1968 Mexico Olympics?

Hide | Show

Answer :

Carlos, Smith and Norman won decorations in the 200 meter race in the 1968 Olympics held at Mexico city. Carlos and Smith, the two African-Americans got their decorations wearing black gloves, black socks and no shoes to speak to Black destitution. They remained with gripped clench hands upraised and heads bowed, while the American public hymn was played to cause worldwide to notice racial separation in the United States.

The silver medalist, white Australian competitor, Peter Norman, wore a basic liberties identification on his shirt during the function to show his help to the two African-Americans.

1.  The International Olympic Association held Carlos and Smith blameworthy of disregarding the Olympic soul by offering a political expression. Their awards were reclaimed and they were exposed to a great deal of analysis in America.

2.   Norman also languished over his activity and was excluded from the Australian group for the following Olympics.

How is that strict contrasts made social division in Northern Ireland and neglected to do likewise in Netherlands? Clarify.

Hide | Show

Answer :

Social division happens when social distinction covers with different contrasts. Both Northern Ireland and Netherlands are prevalently Christian yet isolated among Catholics and Protestants.

In Northern Ireland, class and religion cover with one another. The Catholics there are less in number, poor and endured a background marked by segregation. Covering social contrasts made profound social division and pressures in Northern Ireland. Subsequently Catholic and Protestants have had struggle.

While in the Netherlands, class and religion will in general cut over one another. Catholics and Protestants are about similarly liable to be poor or rich. These cross-slicing social contrasts are simpler to oblige on the grounds that it is hard to set one gathering of individuals in opposition to the next.

1

isn't right about democracy

A

Belgium

2

right about democracy

B

Due to political competition in a democracy, social divisional get reflected impolities.

3

individuals who live in various areas communicate in various dialects

C

Democracy consistently prompts crumbling of society based on social divisions

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Answer :

1-B, 2-C, 3-A

1

general public with comparative sorts of individuals called

A

Homogeneous

2

The level of Protestant Christians in Northern Ireland

B

1998

3

Nationalists and the UK government show up at an arrangement

C

53

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Answer :

1-A, 2-C, 3-B

1

networks in India was in a pretty much comparable situation as that ofs in USA

A

It rose in 1966

2

networks in India was in a pretty much comparable situation as that of whites in USA

B

Dalits

3

sentences isn't right about the "Black Power Movement"

C

Brahmins

4

sentences right about the "Black Power Movement"

D

It upheld serene strategies

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Answer :

1-B, 2-C, 3-D, 4-A

1

Civil Rights Movement happen in USA

A

Protest by African-American competitors against the racial separation of African-Americans

2

the conspicuous strict gathering in Northern Ireland and the Netherlands

B

1954-1968

3

uncommon about the 1968 Olympics held at Mexico city

C

Mexico City upheld the demand

4

 common about the 1968 Olympics held at Mexico city

D

Christianity

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Answer :

1-B, 2-D, 3-A, 4-C

1

Black Power Movement developed in

A

1975

2

Black Power Movement endured in

B

introducing their sculptures in the University grounds

3

San Jose State University honor Tommie Smith and Carlos by

C

1966

4

San Jose State University honor Tommie Smith and Carlos buy not

D

giving them occupations

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Answer :

1-C, 2-A, 3-B, 4-D

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