CBSE Solutions for Class 10 Politicial Science

Select CBSE Solutions for class 10 Subject & Chapters Wise :

Ture/False :-  People within the same caste or community have different interests depending on their economic condition.

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True

Ture/False :-  Communal politics is based on the idea that religion is the principal basis of social community.

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True

Shifting of population from rural areas to urban areas for better opportunity is called ___________ .

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urbanisation

Social division based on ___________ is peculiar to India.

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Caste

The concept of ___________ refers to a system that values men more and gives them power over women.

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patriarchy

At present, caste continues to be closely linked to ___________ .

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economic status

___________ needs to be expressed in politics.

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Gender Division

Shift from ___________ areas to urban areas is known as occupational mobility.

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rural

Which among the following statements about India’s Constitution is wrong?

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It gives official status to one religion.

In India seats are reserved for women in:

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Lok Sabha, State legislative assemblies & Panchayati Raj bodies

When we speak of gender divisions, we usually refer to:

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Unequal roles assigned by the society to men and women

Identify two reasons that state that caste alone cannot determine elections in India.

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1. No party wins the votes of all the voters of

a caste or community.

2. Mobilising and securing political support has brought new consciousness among the lower castes.

Identify the statements which suggest that it is not politics that gets caste-ridden, it is the caste that gets politicised.

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1.Each caste group incorporates neighbouring castes which were earlier excluded.

2. Various caste groups enter into a coalition with other castes.

The distinguishing feature of communalism is:

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Followers of a particular religion must belong to one community.

Among the following, which countries have high participation of women in public life?

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Sweden and Africa

Which leaders worked for the elimination of caste system in India?

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Jotiba Phule, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, Mahatma Gandhi and Periyar Ram as warn i Naicker

‘Equal Wages Act’ signifies;

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Law provides that equal wages should be paid for equal job for both men and women.

“A woman or a man who believes in equal rights and opportunities for men and women.” Select the correct option for the definition.

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Feminist

In local self-government institutions, atleast one third of all positions are reserved for:

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women

“Sexual Division of labour signifies, that

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Gender division emphasises division on the basis of nature of work, Caste is the basis of Gender Division & Work decides the division between men and women.

Women in India are discriminated in;

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Political life, Social life & Economic life

Select the laws enacted by the Parliament for the welfare of women.

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Answer :

Special Marriage Act of 1955, Dowry Prohibition Act of 1961 & Equal Remuneration Act of 1976

Which of the following divisions is unique to India?

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Caste division

Which one of the following is not a cause of communalism?

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State has no official religion

‘Feminist movements’ are aimed at:

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Equality

Propose any two measures to check casteism in India.

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Coming up next are the two measures to check casteism in India.

•   Spread of training: Education updates one's degree of reasoning and aides in killing the misinterpretations of one's brain. All potential advances ought to be required to teach the majority.

•    Economic uniformity: Inequality in the financial life makes the sentiment of prevalence and mediocrity among the individuals from various caste gatherings. Steps should be taken to keep up financial equity, everything being equal.

•     Abolition of Reservation Policy: Reservation in government work, training and different areas makes clashing demeanor among the individuals from two unique castes. At the point when the individuals of higher castes having satisfactory instructive capability are denied of all offices, they rebel against the lower caste individuals.

•   Political changes: Political pioneers and gatherings dependent on caste ought to be prohibited from the political horiQuestion on.

•   The name and point of instructive organizations alluding to castes should be surrendered.

By what means would religion be able to be utilized in legislative issues in a positive way? Express your view point.

 

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Governmental issues and religion can be a destructive blend if not utilized shrewdly. It ought to be to benefit the individuals as opposed to utilized as a weapon to dole out retributions. Religion can be utilized in legislative issues in a positive way in the accompanying ways.

 

•             Politics ought to be guided by the morals and estimations of religion.

 

•             We should raise our demands as a strict network however not at the expense of different religions.

 

•             Political pioneers ought to likewise guarantee that religion isn't utilized as a mechanism of persecution and separation. They ought to have equivalent reaction to various strict clashes or demands.

For what reason are caste boundaries separating in India? Clarify any five reasons.

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In the ongoing many years, projected obstructions have been separating in India as a result of the accompanying reasons.

 

•             It has been the endeavors of social reformers that individuals have realiQuestion ed the caste based contrasts had no rationale.

 

•             The monetary turn of events, huge scope urbaniQuestion ation and word related portability has additionally deleted the caste boundaries.

 

•             Spread of proficiency and training has likewise assumed an incredible function in redesigning the convictions and philosophies of the individuals.

 

•             Complete annihilation of landlordism has brought about the decrease of caste framework.

 

•             The established arrangement of forbidding caste based segregations in each structure and giving equivalent occasions to all has turned around the caste shameful acts.

How is gender division perceived in Indian culture? How much does political mobiliation on gender premise help to improve ladies' function in open life?

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In the Indian culture gender division is taken as a socially developed premise to separate between the jobs played by people. Sexual division of work has become the attitude of the general public. Due to this ladies face separation and have become the casualty of the male centric framework.

 

Even in the wake of embracing the ideas of correspondence and freedom, we need useful methodology. It is accordingly vital that political activation assists with improving ladies' function in open life. Ideological groups should meet up to outline arrangements for equivalent portrayal of ladies in the public and neighborhood governmental issues. This will enlarge the horiQuestion on for ladies. Participating in the dynamic will empower them in their day-today undertakings. They will build up a feeling of development and duty.

Is the caste framework reaching a conclusion in India? Offer contentions on the side of your response.

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Answer :

No, I don't feel that the caste framework is reaching a conclusion in India. From days of yore, the caste framework has been an indistinguishable piece of Indian culture and has been profoundly established in our way of life. It is settled in the general public and achieves separation. Despite the fact that various government approaches have been executed, the caste framework has not been totally destroyed.

 

Coming up next are the examples to help this contention.

 

•             Even however the constitution accommodates different arrangements for wedding outside the caste, the vast majority in India actually wed in their caste.

 

•             CitiQuestion ens of the nation, while projecting their votes, ordinarily vote in favor of their very own candidate caste, as opposed to some other caste independent of the believability of the candidate.

 

•             Political parties remember the caste arrangement of the electorate before picking a candidate to speak to their gathering to get fundamental help for profiting their political race binge.

 

•             Untouchability actually has not totally annihilated from the Indian culture despite the fact that the constitution denies any sort of unapproachability.

Depict three focal points and two inconveniences of the political articulation of caste contrasts.

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Answer :

Coming up next are the upsides of the political articulation of caste contrasts.

 

•             In the current occasions, a few political and non-political organiQuestion ations have battled victimization specific castes, for greater poise and more admittance to land, assets and open doors for the individuals from lower caste, who were not given equivalent status and opportunity like the uppercaste individuals.

 

•             In a few circumstances, articulation of caste contrasts in governmental issues gives many distraught networks the space to demand a lot of intensity. Normally it is seen that the distraught networks can't practice their privileges but since of political portrayal of such caste contrasts, the abused individuals get the opportunity to advance their privileges to get what they merit.

 

•             The following are the drawbacks of the political articulation of caste contrasts.

 

•             In instance of religion, governmental issues dependent on caste personality alone isn't sound in majority rules system. It can redirect consideration from other problems that are begging to be addressed, for example, neediness, advancement and defilement. Since caste isn't the main issue that is causing a prevention in the general public there are different issues that should be given equivalent significance.

 

•             now and again, caste contrasts lead to caste division, which further prompts brutality and pressure among the individuals of various caste and that may prompt upheaval of mobs in the general public.

Clarify any five parts of our everyday life where ladies are oppressed in India.

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Answer :

The accompanying focuses summarize how ladies are still victimized and persecuted in India.

 

•             Literacy rate: The most importantly separation is in the field of instruction where the proficiency rate among ladies is just 66 percent when contrasted with a high 82 percent in guys. Indeed, even something else, guardians lean toward teaching spending their assets of instruction of a male youngster instead of a female kid.

 

•             Sex proportion: The sex proportion in India is as low as 940 females for every 1000 guys. The extent of ladies when contrasted with men is exceptionally low. A significant purpose for this is that guardians lean toward having a male youngster over a female kid keeping in see the future point of view.

 

•             Unpaid work: The extent of generously compensated ladies is less when contrasted with generously compensated men. Despite the fact that on a normal, Indian ladies work one hour more than men consistently however they are not similarly paid and in this manner their work is likewise not regularly esteemed as much as that of men.

 

•             Domestic savagery: Women consistently in Indian culture are bugged, abused, and exposed to a wide range of brutality behind the shut entryways. Both in metropolitan and country zones, abusive behavior at home is one of the most unmistakable type of segregation looked by ladies. Numerous instances of abusive behavior at home and endowment passings are accounted for in the media consistently.

 

•             Female foeticide: In India, a male kid is viewed as a gift and a female youngster is viewed as a curse. This has gone to a degree where the female youngster is executed in the belly of the mother. This murdering of hatchling is known as foeticide. Female foeticide is common in both metropolitan and provincial regions.

"Ladies in the Indian culture actually experience the ill effects of segregation and persecution." Support the announcement with appropriate models.

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Answer :

The accompanying focuses summarize how ladies are still victimized and persecuted in India.

 

•             Literacy rate: The most importantly segregation is in the field of instruction where the education rate among ladies is just 66 percent when contrasted with a high 82 percent in guys. Indeed, even something else, guardians incline toward teaching spending their assets of instruction of a male youngster as opposed to a female kid.

 

•             Sex proportion: The sex proportion in India is as low as 940 females for every 1000 guys. The extent of ladies when contrasted with men is low. A significant purpose for this is that guardians favor having a male kid over a female kid keeping in see the future viewpoint.

 

•             Unpaid work: The extent of generously compensated ladies is extremely less when contrasted with generously compensated men. In spite of the fact that on a normal, Indian ladies work one hour more than men consistently yet they are not similarly paid and accordingly their work is likewise not regularly esteemed as much as that of men.

 

•             Domestic viciousness: Women consistently in Indian culture are badgering, abused, and exposed to a wide range of brutality behind the shut entryways. Both in metropolitan and provincial territories, abusive behavior at home is one of the most noticeable type of separation looked by ladies. Numerous instances of abusive behavior at home and settlement passings are accounted for in the media consistently.

 

•             Female foeticide: In India, a male kid is viewed as a gift and a female kid is viewed as a blight. This has gone to a degree where the female kid is slaughtered in the belly of the mother. This murdering of embryo is known as foeticide. Female foeticide is pervasive in both metropolitan and country territories.

What are the issues looked by Indian ladies which influence their societal position? Clarify any five.

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Answer :

The accompanying focuses summarize how ladies are still victimized and mistreated in India.

 

•             Literacy rate: The above all else separation is in the field of training where the education rate among ladies is just 66 percent when contrasted with a high 82 percent in guys. Indeed, even something else, guardians lean toward teaching spending their assets of training of a male youngster instead of a female kid.

 

•             Sex proportion: The sex proportion in India is as low as 940 females for every 1000 guys. The extent of ladies when contrasted with men is low. A significant purpose for this is that guardians incline toward having a male kid over a female youngster keeping in see the future point of view.

 

•             Unpaid work: The extent of generously compensated ladies is less when contrasted with generously compensated men. Despite the fact that on a normal, Indian ladies work one hour more than men consistently yet they are not similarly paid and hence their work is additionally not regularly esteemed as much as that of men.

 

•             Domestic viciousness: Women consistently in Indian culture are irritated, misused, and exposed to a wide range of brutality behind the shut entryways. Both in metropolitan and rustic regions, abusive behavior at home is one of the most noticeable type of segregation looked by ladies. Numerous instances of abusive behavior at home and settlement passings are accounted for in the media consistently.

 

•             Female foeticide: In India, a male kid is viewed as a gift and a female youngster is viewed as a plague. This has gone to a degree where the female youngster is murdered in the belly of the mother. This slaughtering of embryo is known as foeticide. Female foeticide is pervasive in both metropolitan and rustic regions.

Clarify any five explanations behind the declining caste framework in India.

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Answer :

Coming up next are the five explanations behind the declining caste framework in India.

 

•             Growth of proficiency and instruction: After industrialiQuestion ation the education rate has expanded.

 

•             Occupational versatility: Due to word related portability, the new age takes up occupations other than those rehearsed by their progenitors.

 

•             Large-scale urbanization: Shift of individuals from provincial regions to metropolitan regions looking for occupations and better everyday environments.

 

•             Efforts made by pioneers and reformers: The political pioneers and social reformers attempted to build up a general public in which caste imbalances are missing.

 

•             Economic advancement: Adoption of never innovations from horticulture based to industry-based economy and general improvement in expectations for everyday comforts.

1

'Public Politics' implies

A

bodies around 33% seats are held for ladies

2

'Public Politics' doesn’t implies

B

When state power is utilized to build up control of one strict gathering over the rest

3

Panchayat and Municipal

C

Communist sort of government

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Answer :

1-B, 2-C, 3-A

1

issues manage the 'Family Laws'

A

Adoption

2

issues doesn’t manage the 'Family Laws'

B

Large-scale urbanization

3

breakdown of caste chain of command

C

Property

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Answer :

1-A, 2-C, 3-B

1

Gandhiji mean when he said that religion and legislative issues can never be isolated

A

Massacre

2

Gandhiji doesn’t  mean when he said that religion and legislative issues can never be isolated

B

Need virtues in legislative issues

3

gives that equivalent wages ought to be paid for equivalent work to the two people

C

Effect of Islam on legislative issues is more

4

the ugliest type of communalism

D

Equal Wages Act

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Answer :

1-B, 2-C, 3-D, 4-A

1

The portrayal of ladies in state gatherings is not exactly

A

a matriarchal society

2

Indian culture is considered as

B

5%

3

Indian culture isn’t  considered as

C

800

4

in India, the youngster sex proportion has tumbled to as low as

D

a man centric culture

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1-B, 2-D, 3-A, 4-C

1

'Women's activist'

A

India

2

the interest of ladies isn't enormous

B

Division among guys and females

3

'gender division' implies

C

An individual who has faith in equivalent rights and open doors for ladies and men.

4

'gender division' doesn’t implies

D

Division among rich and poor

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Answer :

1-C, 2-A, 3-B, 4-D

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