CBSE Solutions for Class 10 Politicial Science

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Portray the development for popular government in Nepal.

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Answer :

The Nepalese for vote based system emerged with the particular target of switching the lord's structure that prompted suspension of majority rule government. The popular battle in Nepal included numerous associations other than ideological groups like the SPA or the Nepalese Communist Party. All the significant worker's organizations and their leagues joined the development. Numerous different associations of the indigenous individuals, educators, legal advisors and common freedoms bunches stretched out help to the development

Clarify with models, how movements are not quite the same as intrigue gatherings.

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Answer :

Movements:

1.            Movements have a free association.

2.            Movements are issue explicit and long haul including more than one issue.

3.            Their dynamic is more casual and adaptable.

4.            They rely much upon unconstrained mass interest.

Model: Narmada Bachao Andolan under Medha Patkar.

Intrigue gatherings:

1.            Interest gatherings structure associations and attempt exercises to advance their inclinations.

2.            Interests gatherings are both sectional and public. Sectional intrigue bunches advance enthusiasm of specific part of society and limited time or public intrigue bunches plan to help bunches other than their own individuals.

3.            They advance aggregate great and are worried about government assistance of the general public and not simply their own individuals.

Model: BAMCEF (Backward and Minorities Community Employee Federation).

Notice any three likenesses between struggles of Nepal and Bolivia.

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Answer :

The battle in both these nations identifies with building up and reestablishing majority rules system. The achievement of people groups' battle is an update that popular struggles are indispensable to the working of majority rules system. The popularity based battle in Nepal and Bolivia share a few components:

•             The popular battle as dissent transformed into uncertain strike.

•             Struggle included mass assembly.

•             Political strife prompted popular battle.

•             Political association assumed a basic job.

What motivation do we get from Bolivia's popular battle? Clarify any three qualities that we can gain from it.

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Answer :

We can recognize the accompanying qualities in Bolivia's battle:

1.            It was a contention between individuals and the legislature to battle for equity and decency and to battle against the insatiability of the administration.

 

2.            The Bolivian association FEDECOR spoke to the normal or general intrigue. The individuals from the association didn't really profit by the reason that the association spoke to. They were battling for aggregate social great.

 

3.            The political clash that prompted popular battle in Bolivia included mass preparation. It indicated the intensity of the everyday citizens.

Clarify with models the two kinds of political movements.

 

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Answer :

The development in Nepal and development in Bolivia are instances of two kinds of political movements for majority rules system.

 

The development in Nepal was to recapture popular command over the legislature from the King. This was a battle to reestablish majority rule government. The development in Bolivia was against a particular strategy of the chosen vote based government. The individuals of Bolivia fomented and challenged the administration's choice of privatization of water.

 

Both these movements are examples of political clashes that prompted popular struggles. Despite the fact that in the two cases public exhibit of mass help secured the debate, their degree of effect was unique.

Recognize pressure gatherings and ideological groups by expressing any one purpose of differentiation.

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Answer :

Weight bunches don't intend to straightforwardly control or offer political force however ideological groups legitimately control and offer political force.

Name any two sectional intrigue gatherings.

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Answer :

Worker's guilds and Professional bodies like attorneys, educators, and so on

Which association drove the dissent against water privatization in Bolivia?

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Answer :

The dissent against water privatization in Bolivia was driven by FEDECOR.

How are issue explicit movements not quite the same as conventional movements?

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Answer :

Issue explicit movements try to accomplish a solitary goal inside restricted time period.

General nonexclusive movements look to accomplish a wide objective in the exceptionally long haul.

What was the principle point of the popular development of April 2006, in Nepal?

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Answer :

Point of popular development of April 2006 in Nepal:

1.            Restoring majority rule government.

2.            Regaining popular command over the administration from the King.

What was the principle function of 'FEDECOR' association in Bolivia?

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Answer :

The primary part of FEDECOR included cases over a chosen government to challenge its strategy of water privatization.

Who disintegrated the popularly chosen parliament in February 2005 in Nepal?

 

 

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Answer :

Ruler Gyanendra, the new lord excused the Prime Minister and broke up the popularly chosen Parliament.

With the assistance of a model each, think about sectional intrigue gatherings and public intrigue gatherings.

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Answer :

Sectional intrigue gathering. They look to advance the enthusiasm of a specific segment or gathering of society. They advance particular great and are concerned uniquely about the enthusiasm of their segment of the general public, their own individuals and not the general public as a rule. For instance, FEDECOR.

 

Public intrigue gathering. They try to advance aggregate interests as opposed to particular great. They advance aggregate great and are worried about government assistance of the general public and not simply their own individuals. For instance, BAMCEF.

With the assistance of a model each look at a solitary issue development and a drawn out development?

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Answer :

•   Single issue movements are those which look to accomplish a solitary target inside a restricted time-frame. Model, Narmada Bachao Andolan.

 

•   Long term movements are those which look to accomplish a long objective in an extremely long haul, e.g., natural movements, and so forth

Give one trademark highlight of a sectional intrigue gathering.

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Answer :

Sectional intrigue bunches are hierarchical that attempt exercises to advance the interests of explicit social areas, for example, laborers, workers, educators and legal advisors change, and so on

Which monetary office pressurized the legislature of Bolivia to give a MNC, power over the water gracefully plans in the city of Cochabamba?

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Answer :

Bank of Cochabamba.

Give two dissimilarities of popular struggles in Nepal and Bolivia?

 

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Answer :

1.            The development in Nepal was to set up majority rules system. The battle in Bolivia included cases on a chosen, popularity based government.

 

2.            The battle in Nepal was about the establishment of the nation's legislative issues. The battle in Bolivia was around one explicit approach.

What is a weight gathering? Give a model.

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Answer :

Weight bunches are associations that endeavor to impact government strategies. They could do as such by framing an association and undertaking exercises to advance their advantage or their perspective. These associations are framed when individuals with normal occupation, intrigue, goals or assessments meet up so as to accomplish a typical goal.

 

A couple of models are: BAMCEF (Backward and Minorities Community Employees' Federation), FEDECOR—a Bolivian association, RWAs, AITUC.

What offered ascend to the battle in Bolivia in 2000?

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Answer :

In the year 2000, there was a popular battle in Bolivia against privatization and resulting increment in the cost of water.

Which exceptional element recognizes a development from an intrigue gathering?

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Answer :

Movements are typically issue explicit to accomplish a solitary goal inside a restricted time period.

Give an exceptional element that recognizes a weight bunch from an ideological group?

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Answer :

Weight bunches don't look to get into power while ideological groups do.

Name the 'Third World' nation that has won majority rules system in 1990.

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Answer :

Nepal

What are sectional intrigue gatherings? Give a model.

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Answer :

Associations that embrace exercises to advance the interests of explicit social segments, for example, legal advisors, instructors, laborers, representatives are called sectional intrigue gatherings.

What was the principle point of the development in Nepal in 2006?

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Answer :

The fundamental point of the development in Nepal was to restore popular government in Nepal.

Give a case of a Public Interest gathering.

 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 

 


 


 


 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 


 

 


 


 


 

 

 


 

 


 

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Answer :

In Backward and Minorities Community Employees Federation (BAMCEF).

Portray the popular battle of Bolivia.

Or on the other hand

Who drove the dissent against water privatization in Bolivia ? Portray the methods of dissent received by that association.

 

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Answer :

(A) Who drove the dissent ?

1.            The dissent against water privatization in Bolivia was driven by an association FEDECOR.

2.            It was involved nearby experts, including designers and preservationists,

3.            Federation of ranchers, the confederation of assembly line laborers' associations, working class understudies and city's developing populace of destitute road kids upheld the development.

 

(B) Events

Causes : Bolivia is a helpless Latin American nation. Under the weight of the World Bank, the Bolivian government sold the privileges of mupicipal water gracefully for the city of Cochabamba to a worldwide organization. The organization expanded the paces of water by multiple times prompting more use by the individuals. The month to month water bill expanded upto ? 1,000 while the normal pay was near ? 5,000. This prompted an unconstrained dissent.

Exercises : In January 2000, a partnership of work, basic liberties and network pioneers sorted out an effective four-day strike. The administration consented to arrange and the strike was canceled. Nonetheless, nothing occurred and the disturbance was begun again in February, 2000. During fomentation police received an approach of merciless suppression. Military law was forced at the end of the day individuals were effective in their battle.

Results and significance :

•             The contract with the MNC was dropped and water gracefully was reestablished to the region at the old rates,

•             This battle is known as Bolivia's water war.

•             t shows that individuals' battle and assurance can drive the administration to change their arrangement to their greatest advantage and that struggles are a necessary aspect of the working of majority rule government.

Clarify how the exercises of weight bunches are helpful in the working of a majority rule government.

 

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Answer :

Weight gatherings and movements have developed vote based system. A majority rule government must take care of the enthusiasm of all, not only one area. Squeezing the legislature is a solid movement in a popular government insofar as everybody gets this chance. Public premium gatherings or weight bunches play out a helpful function of countering the excessive impact of the rich and influential individuals on the administration and helping the legislature to remember the requirements and worries of customary residents.

Where various gatherings work effectively, no single gathering can accomplish strength over society. The administration tunes in to what various areas of the populace need. These exercises of weight bunches lead to a harsh overall influence and convenience of clashing interests in a majority rules system. In a majority rules system, strife is settled through mass assembly and it is these weight bunches who disclose unconstrained investment viable.

The development in Nepal and the battle in Bolivia have a few components pertinent to the investigation of majority rule government. Clarify these components.

 

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Answer :

The development in Nepal was to set up majority rules system, while the battle in Bolivia included cases on a chosen vote based government. Regardless of the distinctions, both these struggles share a few components pertinent to investigation of popular governments.

 

(I) Both these are cases of political clash that prompted popular struggles. The Nepalese development emerged with the particular target of switching the King's structure that prompted the excusal of the Prime Minister and the disintegration of the popularly chosen Parliament.

 

In Bolivia, the battle was against the privatization and increment in costs of water after the legislature offered these rights to a MNC.

 

(ii) In the two cases, the battle included mass preparation. The popular battle as a dissent transformed into an uncertain strike. In Nepal, all major ideological groups in Parliament shaped a Seven Party Alliance and called a four-day strike which transformed into an uncertain strike in which the Maoists and radical gatherings held hands.

 

In the Bolivian battle against privatization of water, a collusion of work basic freedoms and network pioneers composed an effective four-day general strike.

How weight gatherings and movements apply effect on legislative issues? Clarify with models.

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Answer :

Intrigue gatherings and movements don't legitimately participate in party governmental issues however they look to apply impact on ideological groups. They have a political situation on significant issues and take political position without being a gathering.

 

Weight gatherings and movements apply effect on legislative issues in the accompanying manners:

 

1.            They attempt to increase public help and compassion toward their objectives through missions, sorting out gatherings, documenting petitions and impacting the media for consideration.

 

2.            They sort out dissent exercises like strikes, so as to compel the legislature to observe their demand.

 

3.            Business gatherings utilize experts/lobbyists or support costly notices. A few individuals from pressure bunches take an interest in authentic bodies that offer exhortation to the administration.

 

4.            In a few cases the weight bunches are either framed or driven by the heads of ideological groups or go about as broadened arms of ideological groups.

 

For instance, most worker's guilds and understudies' associations, for example, NSUI, ABVP in India are either settled or partnered to either major ideological group.

 

5.            Sometimes ideological groups develop out of movements.

 

For instance, the foundations of gatherings like the DMK and the AIADMK in Tamil Nadu can be followed to a since quite a while ago drawn social change development during the 1930s and 1940s.

"The majority rule government has been advanced through struggles and movements everywhere on the world." Support the announcement with models.

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Answer :

1.            Democracy has developed through struggles and movements everywhere on the world. The struggles in Poland, Nepal and Bolivia all identify with building up and reestablishing majority rule government. The battled in these nations is an update that popular struggles are necessary to the working of vote based system.

 

2.            The part of popular battle doesn't reach a conclusion with the foundation of vote based system. Majority rule government includes irreconcilable circumstance and perspectives. These perspectives are communicated in composed manners through which standard residents can assume a function in majority rule government.

 

3.            In a majority rule government, a few various types of associations work behind any large battle. These associations impact the choices in a vote based system either by making parties, challenging races and framing government. They advance the intrigue and perspectives of residents in a vote based system through intrigue gatherings or weight gatherings.

 

4.            Democracy develops through popular battle. Some significant choices may happen through agreement. Be that as it may, a few choices include struggle between the gatherings who have practiced force and the individuals who try to share power. Here the popular battle helps in the extension of vote based system.

Depict the popular battle 'against privatization of water' in Bolivia.

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Answer :

Bolivia, a helpless nation in Latin America, seen popular battle against privatization of water:

 

1.            The World Bank had pressurized the chosen majority rule government for surrender its control of

 

metropolitan water gracefully. The legislature sold these rights for the city of Cochambamba to a worldwide organization (MNC).

 

2.            The MNC promptly expanded the cost of water by multiple times. This prompted an unconstrained popular dissent. The mass battle was not driven by any ideological group.

 

3.            A new union of work basic freedoms and network pioneers sorted out a fruitful four-day general strike in the city in January 2000.

 

4.            Ultimately the administration consented to arrange and the strike was canceled. Yet, yet nothing occurred.

 

5.            Later on, an association including nearby experts, engineers, tree huggers, ranchers, confederation of assembly line laborers association, working class understudies and road kids framed the FEDECOR. They called another strike in April and the legislature forced military law.

 

6.            But the intensity of individuals constrained the authorities of the MNC to free the city and set the administration yield to the expectations of the dissenters.

 

7.            Lastly, the agreement with the MNC was dropped and water gracefully was reestablished to the region at old rates. This came to be known as 'Bolivia's Water War'.

Clarify how the connection between ideological groups and weight gatherings can take various structures?

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Answer :

The connection between ideological groups and weight gatherings can take various structures, some immediate and others extremely circuitous.

 

In certain occasions the weight bunches are either shaped or driven by the heads of ideological groups or go about as broadened arms of ideological groups. For instance, most worker's guilds and understudies' associations in India are either settled by or subsidiary to either major ideological group.

 

Once in a while ideological groups develop out of movements. For instance, the Assam Movement drove by understudies against the 'outsiders' prompted the development of the Asom Gana Parishad. The foundations of gatherings like the DMK and the AIADMK in Tamil Nadu can be followed to social change development during the 1930s and 1940s. At the point when the connection among gatherings and intrigue bunches isn't so immediate they regularly take positions restricted to one another. However they are in exchange and arrangement. New issues raised by movements host been taken up by political gatherings.

"The battle of the Nepali public is a wellspring of motivation to leftists everywhere on the world." Support the announcement.

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Answer :

1.            The Nepalese development for vote based system emerged with the particular target of switching the lord's organization that prompted suspension of majority rule government.

 

2.            The development of 2006 was pointed toward recovering popular power over the legislature from the lord.

 

3.            The popular battle in Nepal included numerous associations other than ideological groups like the SPA or the Nepalese Communist Party.

 

4.            All major ideological groups in the Parliament shaped a Seven Party Alliance (SPA) and called a multi day strike in Kathmandu. This strike transformed into an inconclusive strike in which the Maoists and other extremist gatherings held hands.

 

5.            All the significant trade guilds and their organizations joined the development. Numerous different associations of the indigenous individuals, educators, legal counselors and common liberties bunches stretched out help to the development.

 

6.            The development set forward three demands:

 

•             Restoration of Parliament

 

•             Power to an all-party government

 

•             A new Constituent Assembly.

 

7.            The number of nonconformists came to between three to five lakhs. They adhered to their demands and the lord had to surrender to every one of the three demands. On 24th April, the SPA picked Girija Prasad Koirala as the new Prime Minister of the interval government

Clarify with models, how movements are not quite the same as intrigue gatherings.

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Answer :

Movements:

 

1.            Movements have a free association.

 

2.            Movements are issue explicit and long haul including more than one issue.

 

3.            Their dynamic is more casual and adaptable.

 

4.            They rely much upon unconstrained mass interest.

 

Model: Narmada Bachao Andolan under Medha Patkar.

 

Intrigue gatherings:

 

1.            Interest gatherings structure associations and attempt exercises to advance their inclinations.

 

2.            Interests gatherings are both sectional and public. Sectional intrigue bunches advance enthusiasm of specific segment of society and limited time or public intrigue bunches mean to help bunches other than their own individuals.

 

3.            They advance aggregate great and are worried about government assistance of the general public and not simply their own individuals.

 

Model: BAMCEF (Backward and Minorities Community Employee Federation).

Portray in a word the development for majority rules system in Nepal.

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Answer :

(a) Causes for popular development in April 2006 : Democracy was set up in Nepal in 1990. Lord Birendra officially remained top of the state, yet genuine force was practiced by the chosen delegates. It was a change from outright government to established government. In any case, after the slaughter of the imperial family in 2001, the new King Gyanendra was not prepared to acknowledge the popularity based guideline. In February 2005, the King excused the then Prime Minister and disintegrated the popularly chosen Parliament and expected all forces.

 

(b) Aim of the development : The development was begun in April 2006 to recapture popular command over the administration from the lord.

 

(c) Participants in the development:

 

1.            All major ideological groups in the parliament shaped a Seven Party Alliance,

 

2.            Maoist guerillas.

 

3.            Various different associations, for example, worker's guilds and their alliances,

 

4.            Teachers, attorneys and basic freedoms bunch broadened their help.

 

(d) Demands of the dissenters : The demands were Restoration of Parliament, capacity to an all-party government and another constituent gathering.

 

(e) Events : The headliners of the development for majority rules system in Nepal were as given underneath :

 

•             1990 – Restoration of vote based system, King as top of the state yet genuine force with popular government.

 

•             2001 – Killing of King Birendra. New King Gyanendra and rejection of popularity based

 

rule.

 

•             February 2005 – Dismissal of Prime Minister and disintegration of Parliament.

 

•             April 2006 – Movement begins to recover popular command over government from the King.

 

•             Seven Party Alliance – Strike, uncertain strike, Defiance of time limitation.

 

•             21 April 2006 – Number of dissidents 3 to 4 lakhs, final proposal.

 

•             24 April 2006 – Last day of final offer and acknowledgment of demands.

 

(A) Girija Prasad Koirala – New Prime Minsiter of interval government.

 

(B) Restoration of Parliament.

 

(O King ostensible head.

 

(D) New Constituent Assembly.

 

(E) Results :

 

1.            Victory of the development and the individuals.

 

2.            An motivation for liberals everywhere on the world.

 

Results :

 

•             Victory of the development and the individuals.

 

•             An motivation for liberals everywhere on the world.

1

Bolivian association

A

is a development

2

All India Trade Union Congress

B

is anything but a sectional intrigue gathering

3

Narmada Bachao Andolan

C

isn't a development

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Answer :

1-B, 2-C, 3-A

1

Socialist Party

A

ideological group that upheld the dissent in Bolivia

2

Army

B

ideological group that upheld the didn’t  dissent in Bolivia

3

Communist Party

C

didn't join the dissent development

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Answer :

1-A, 2-C, 3-B

1

People

A

Isn’t  a development

2

Government

B

won Bolivia's water war

3

Environmental development

C

Lose  Bolivia's water war

4

NGOs

D

is a development

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Answer :

1-B, 2-C, 3-D, 4-A

1

Ruler Birendra was murdered in a baffling slaughter of the illustrious family

A

privatization of water

2

Ruler Birendra wasn’t  murdered in a baffling slaughter of the illustrious family

B

2001

3

The individuals of Bolivia drove an effective battle against

C

absence of instructive offices

4

The individuals of Bolivia doesn’t drove an effective battle against

D

2000

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Answer :

1-B, 2-D, 3-A, 4-C

1

association pressurized the legislature to surrender its control of city water flexibly

A

IMF

2

association that didn’t pressurized the legislature to surrender its control of city water flexibly

B

February 2005

3

True date when King Gyanendra excuse the executive and break up the Parliament

C

World Bank

4

False date when King Gyanendra excuse the executive and break up the Parliament

D

February 2006

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Answer :

1-C, 2-A, 3-B, 4-D

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