CBSE Solutions for Class 10 Politicial Science

Select CBSE Solutions for class 10 Subject & Chapters Wise :

What does the term ‘Partisan’ mean?

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Answer :

A person who is strongly committed to the party

“Dynastic succession is one of the most serious challenges before the political parties.” Analyse the statement.

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Answer :

Most political parties do not practise open and transparent procedures for their functioning. So there are very few ways for an ordinary worker to rise to the top in a party. Those who happen to be the leaders are in a position of unfair advantage as they favour people close to them or even their family members. In many parties in India, we see a trend of dynastic succession. The top positions are always controlled by members of a particular family, which is unfair to other members of the party, and bad for democracy. This is so because people who do not have adequate experience or popular support come to occupy positions of power.

More than loyalty to party principles and policies, personal loyalty to the leader becomes more important. This tendency is seen all over the world, even in older democracies.

“Lack of internal democracy within parties is the major challenge to political parties all over the world”. Analyse the statement.

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Answer :

  1. Most political parties do not practise open and transparent procedures for their functioning like maintaining membership registers, holding organisational meetings or conducting internal elections regularly. Thus, ordinary members of the party do not get sufficient information on the happenings in the party and have no means to influence the decisions.
  2. Also, there are very few chances for an ordinary worker to rise to the top in a party. Since one or, at the most, a few leaders exercise paramount power in the party, those who disagree with the leadership, find it difficult to continue in the party.
  3. Those who happen to be the leaders are in a position to take undue advantage and favour people close to them or even their family members. And, in many parties, the top positions are invariably controlled by members of one family which is bad for democracy.

What is a multi-party system? Why has India adopted a multi-party system? Explain.

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Answer :

Multi-party system. In this system, the government is formed by various parties coming together in a coalition. When several parties in a multi-party system join hands for the purpose of contesting elections and winning power, it is called an alliance or a front.

For example, in India there were three major alliances in 2004 parliamentary elections—the National Democratic Alliance (NDA), the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) and the Left Front. This system on one hand leads to political instability but at the same time, allows for a variety of interests and opinions to enjoy political representation.

Each country develops a party system that is suitable for its special circumstances. India has evolved as a multi-party system because its social and geographical diversity cannot be absorbed by two or three parties. Thus, such representation strengthens democracy. Multi-party system facilitates representation of regional and geographical diversities. In India, several regional parties are in power at the State level such as the DMK in Tamil Nadu, Akali Dal in Punjab the BSP in Uttar Pradesh.

Describe the three components of a political party

 

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Answer :

Components of a political party are:

  1. The leaders,
  2. active members and
  3. the followers.
    • The leaders are recruited and trained by parties. They are made ministers to run the government. The big policy decisions are taken by the political executives that come from the political parties.
    • Parties have lakhs of members and activists spread over the country. Many of the pressure groups are the extensions of political parties among different sections of society. But since most of the members belong to a party, they go by the direction of the party leadership, irrespective of their personal opinion.
    • The followers are the ordinary citizens, who believe in the policies of their respective party and give popular support through elections. Often the opinion of the followers crystallise on the lines parties take.

“No party system is ideal for all countries and in all situations.” Justify the statement with five arguments.

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Answer :

Parties are a necessary condition for a democracy. The rise of political parties is directly linked to the emergence of representative democracies. Party system is not something any country can choose. It evolves depending on the nature of society, its social and regional divisions, its history of politics and system of elections.

Each country develops a party system that is conditioned by its special circumstances.

For example, India has evolved a multi-party system, because of its social and geographical diversity which cannot be easily absorbed by two or three parties.
Political parties make policies to promote collective good and there can be different views on what is good for all. Therefore no system is ideal for all countries and situations.

Name the national political party which gets inspiration from India’s ancient culture and values. Mention four features of that party.

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Answer :

Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) founded in 1980 draws inspiration from India’s ancient culture and values.
Features:

  1. Cultural Nationalism (Hindutva) is an important element in its conception of Indian nationhood and politics.
  2. Wants full territorial and political integration of Jammu and Kashmir with India.
  3. A uniform civil code for all people living in the country irrespective of religion and ban on religious conversions.
  4. Earlier limited to north and west and to urban areas, the party expanded support in the south, east, the north-east and rural areas.

Name any one political party of India which grew out of a movement.
 

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Answer :

Asom Gana Parishad.

Mention the ideology of Indian National Congress.

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Answer :

Under the leadership of Jawaharlal Nehru, the Indian National Congress sought to build a modern secular democratic republic in India. The party propagates secularism and welfare of the weaker sections and minorities of society. It supports new economic reforms but with a human face.

Why do political parties involve partisanship?

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Answer :

Partisanship is marked by a tendency to take a side and inability to take a balanced view on an issue. Parties reflect fundamental political divisions in a society. Parties are a part of the society and they involve partisanship.

Why did India adopt multi-party system? Give reasons.

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Answer :

India adopted multi-party system because:

  • India is a large country and has social and geographical diversities.
  • It is easy to absorb different diversities in a multi-party system.

Name any one political party that has national level political organisation but not recognised as a national political party.
 

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Answer :

State parties like the Samajwadi Party, Samata Party and Rashtriya Janata Dal have national level political organisations with units in several states but are not recognised as national parties.

What is the guiding philosophy of Bhartiya Janata Party?

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Answer :

The source of inspiration of Bharatiya Janata Party is the ancient Indian culture and values. Cultural nationalism (Hindutva) is an important element in its conception of Indian nationhood and politics.

Name any two regional parties of West Bengal.

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Answer :

  1. Forward BLOCK ,
  2. TRINAMOOL CONGRESS .

Name the national political party which draws inspiration from the teachings of Sahu Maharaj, Mahatma Phule, Naicker and Babasaheb Ambedkar.
 

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Answer :

Bahujan Samaj Party.

Which special privilege is given to recognised political parties by the Election Commission?

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Answer :

RPP are given a special election symbol. Only official candidates of that party can use the election symbol.

Given one point of difference between a pressure group and a political party.

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Answer :

A pressure group is an organized or unorganized body that seeks to promote its interests while a political party is a body that seeks to attain political power by contesting elections.

What does Universal Adult Suffrage stand for?

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Answer :

Universal Adult suffrage stands for the ‘Right to Vote’.

What is a recognised political party?

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Answer :

A recognised political party is a party, recognised by the ‘Election Commission’ with all the privileges and facilities.

In which state does the ‘Rashtriya Lok Dal’ exist as a regional party?

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Answer :

Uttar Pradesh

In which state does ‘Biju Janata Dal’ exist as a regional party?

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Answer :

Odisha (Orissa)

What is the source of inspiration of the ‘Bhartiya Janata Party’?

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Answer :

The source of inspiration of the Bhartiya Janata Party or the BJP is ancient Indian culture and values.

How many parties are needed in any democratic system to compete in elections and provide a fair chance for the competing parties to come to power?

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Answer :

At least two parties.

What are the three main components of a political party?

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Answer :

  1. The leaders;
  2. The active members; and
  3. The followers

What is meant by a political party?

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Answer :

Political party is a group of people who come together to contest elections and to hold power in the government. They agree on some policies to promote collective good. They seek to implement those policies by winning popular support through elections. Thus political parties tend to fill political offices and exercise political power.

"Dynastic progression is one of the most genuine difficulties before the political factions." Analyze the announcement.

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Answer :

Most political factions don't rehearse open and straightforward systems for their working. So there are not many ways for a normal laborer to ascend to the top in a party. The individuals who end up being the pioneers are in a place of out of line advantage as they favor individuals near them or even their relatives. In numerous gatherings in India, we see a pattern of dynastic progression. The top positions are constantly constrained by individuals from a specific family, which is unjustifiable to different individuals from the party, and awful for majority rule government. This is so on the grounds that individuals who don't have sufficient experience or famous help come to involve places of intensity.

 

More than faithfulness to party standards and arrangements, individual devotion to the pioneer turns out to be more significant. This propensity is seen everywhere on the world, even in more established majority rule governments.

"Absence of inside popular government inside gatherings is the significant test to political coalitions everywhere on the world". Break down the announcement.

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Answer :

1.            Most political coalitions don't rehearse open and straightforward methodology for their working like keeping up participation registers, holding authoritative gatherings or directing inward decisions routinely. In this manner, normal individuals from the party don't get adequate data on the happenings in the party and have no way to impact the choices.

 

2.            Also, there are not many possibilities for a conventional laborer to ascend to the top in a party. Since one or, and no more, a couple of pioneers practice fundamental force in the party, the individuals who can't help contradicting the initiative, think that its hard to proceed in the party.

 

3.            Those who end up being the pioneers are in a situation to exploit and support individuals near them or even their relatives. Furthermore, in numerous gatherings, the top positions are constantly constrained by individuals from one family which is terrible for majority rule government.

Depict in short the ongoing endeavors that have been made in India to change political coalitions and its chiefs.

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Answer :

Ongoing endeavors to change political coalitions and its chiefs are as given underneath :

 

(1) Anti-deserting law : In India, many chosen delegates began enjoying changing party devotion from the party on which an individual got chosen for an alternate party so as to become clergymen or for money rewards. So as to control this inclination, hostile to abandonment law was passed. It says that if any MLA or MP changes gatherings, the person will lose the seat in the assembly. Presently MPs and MLAs need to comply with the choices of the party.

 

(2) Filing of a testimony : The Supreme Court has made it obligatory for each up-and-comer who challenges a political race to document an affirmation giving subtleties of his property and criminal arguments forthcoming against him. This has been done to lessen the impact of cash and lawbreakers.

 

(3) Hold authoritative decisions : The Election Commission hosts made it vital for political gatherings to hold their hierarchical races and document their salary expense forms.

Give a concise depiction of six public gatherings in India.

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Answer :

(1) Indian National Congress :

 

•             It is perhaps the most established party on the planet,

 

•             It was established by A.O. Hume in 1885.

 

•             It has assumed a significant function in opportunity battle.

 

•             Under the authority of Jawaharlal Nehru, it established framework for an advanced India,

 

•             It is an anti-extremist party in its belief system,

 

•             It underpins advancement and globalization,

 

•             In the races held in 2004, it rose as the single biggest party with 145 seats,

 

•             In 2009 races too the party was the single biggest party making sure about 205 seats and headed the govt,

 

•             In 2014 decisions the party has lost force at the middle.

 

(2) Bharatiya Janata Party :

 

•             It was established in 1980 by resuscitating the old Bharatiya Jana Sangh. It puts stock in India's antiquated culture and qualities,

 

•             It puts stock in social patriotism or Hindustan.

 

•             The party favors full joining of Jammu and Kashmir with India, a uniform common code for all individuals in the nation.

 

•             BJP came to control in 1998 as the head of the National Democratic Alliance yet lost in 2004 decisions,

 

•             In 2014 races BJP and its partners (NDA) have the lion's share aria shaped the legislature at the middle.

 

(3) Bahujan Samaj Party :

 

•             Kanshi Ram shaped this party in 1984 for the government assistance of bahujan samaj which included dalits, adivasis, OBCs and strict minorities,

 

•             It was enlivened from the thoughts and lessons of Sahu Maharaj, Mahatma Phule, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar and others.

 

•             It has fundamental base in UP, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Uttarakhand, Delhi and Punjab.

 

•             It has shaped government in UP a few times with the assistance of different gatherings,

 

•             In 2004 decisions, it has won 19 seats in the Lok Sabha.

 

•             Party is a statement of dalit

 

(4) Communist Party of India (Marxist) :

 

•             Founded in 1964, it has confidence in Marxism-Leninism. It contradicts dominion and communalism.

 

•             It weights on the requirement for India to become self-subordinate monetarily and to escape from the grasp of the World Bank and International Monetary Fund,

 

•             It is condemning of advancement of economy,

 

•             The party has been in power for a very long time in West Bengal without a break.

 

•             In 2004 races, it won 43 seats in the Lok Sabha and upheld the UPA government from outside.

 

(5) Communist Party of India :

 

•             It was established in 1925 and has faith in Marxism-Leninism, secularism and majority rules system.

 

•             It has acknowledged parliamentary vote based system as a methods for advancing the interests of the common laborers, ranchers and poor people,

 

•             It got frail because of split in 1964 that prompted the arrangement of CPI(M).

 

•             Party favors collective agreement, secularism and anticipation of abuse of strict spots for problematic exercises,

 

•             The party has made progress in the conditions of Kerala, West Bengal, Punjab, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. In 2004, Lok Sabha decisions, it had made sure about 1.4 percent votes and 10 seats.

 

•             It upheld the UPA government from outside.

 

(6) Nationalist Congress Party :

 

•             It was shaped in 1999 because of split in the Congress party.

 

•             It favors majority rules system, Gandhian secularism, value, social equity and federalism,

 

•             It advocates that high workplaces like Prime Minister ought to be limited to normal conceived residents of the nation,

 

•             It is a significant party in Maharashtra and alliance accomplice of Congress,

 

•             It was essential for UPA government at the Center.

Offer your input about which party framework ought to be received in a nation.

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Answer :

1.            It is preposterous to expect to state which party framework ought to be embraced in a nation since party framework isn't something any nation can pick.

 

2.            It develops over quite a while.

 

3.            It relies upon the idea of society, its social and territorial divisions, its set of experiences of legislative issues and its arrangement of decisions.

 

4.            Each nation builds up a party framework that is adapted by its exceptional conditions. For instance in India we host multi-get-together framework on the grounds that the social and geological variety in such a huge nation isn't effectively consumed by two or even three gatherings. Accordingly, it might be presumed that no framework is ideal for all nations and all circumstances.

Characterize multi-party framework. What are the upsides of this framework ?

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Answer :

1. Multi-party framework is that where there are in excess of two political coalitions as in India, France, Italy and Germany.

 

2. Preferences :

 

1.            The country isn't separated into two camps : Under multi-party framework there are numerous sorts of belief systems. There is no unbending order among the gatherings. One individual can leave one party and join another party of his decision.

 

2.            Parliament doesn't become manikin in the possession of the bureau : Under multi-party framework, here and there an alliance administration of a few gatherings is shaped. So there can't be bureau fascism. The bureau can't complete the work voluntarily.

 

 

3.            All shades of supposition are spoken to in the house : In a multi-party framework all shades of sentiment get portrayal in the parliament. Perspectives on various classes are heard in the House.

 

4.            Wider decision before the electorate : Where there are numerous gatherings, there is a more extensive decision before the electorate since they can project their votes for just the similarly invested parties.

 

5.            The laborers are all the more free in this framework since, in such a case that their own party couldn't care less for them they can join another party of their decision.

 

3. Burdens :

 

1.            Weak government : The alliance governments are essentially feeble. The Prime Minister needs to counsel the heads of other alliance accomplices. If there should be an occurrence of contrasts the legislatures are broken up soon.

 

2.            Indefiniteness of Policy : There is uncertainty of the arrangement because of quick change in the administration. With the difference in government, the approach is likewise changed.

 

3.            No long haul arranging : Due to fast changes in the legislatures, long haul arranging is absurd. It isn't in light of a legitimate concern for improvement in the nation.

 

4.            Lack of managerial proficiency : In a various party framework regulatory effectiveness endures in light of the fact that the legislatures change regularly.

 

5.            In this framework exchanging votes and arrangement of government subverts the political profound quality as has occurred in our nation on various events e.g., Ayaram Gayaram scene in Haryana.

Portray the negative marks of bi-party framework.

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Answer :

The faults/hindrances of the bi-party framework are as referenced beneath :

 

(1) Dictatorship of the bureau : In a bi-party framework, the fascism of the bureau is set up on the grounds that it has the lion's share uphold in the Parliament. In such the circumstance the decision party couldn't care less much for the resistance.

 

(2) Limited decision before the citizens : When there are just two gatherings before the electorate, they need to choose one regardless of whether they don't care for both the gatherings. In this manner the citizen loses its opportunity of decision.

 

(3) The eminence of the assembly is brought down : In a bi-party framework, the Prime Minister with lion's share of his party and his impact over the party, can get the bills, spending plan, arrangements and so forth passed as he enjoys. On the off chance that he isn't upheld by lawmaking body, he can suggest its disintegration. In this way the lawmaking body is a manikin in the possession of the Prime Minister.

 

(4) Dictatorship of the lion's share party : In bi-party framework there is tyranny of the dominant part party and it thinks about the resistance since it appreciates a lion's share in the governing body (Parliament).

 

(5) It separates the countries into beyond reconciliation camps : Where there are just two gatherings in a nation, there is an extraordinary distinction in their belief systems and there is an incredible discussion over the fundamental arrangements in the nation.

 

(6) All shades of conclusion are not spoken to in the governing body : Where there are just two gatherings, the citizens have no opportunity to communicate their perspectives as all shades of sentiment are given portrayal.

What is bi-party framework ? Portray its benefits.

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Answer :

(a)

1.            Bi-party framework implies that there are two significant political coalitions and the remainder of the gatherings are less significant.

2.            Only two fundamental gatherings have a genuine possibility of winning dominant part of seats to frame government.

3.            The models are USA and UK.

 

(b)

Benefits :

 

(1) Government is more steady : The administration is more steady in a bi-party framework, in light of the fact that the lion's share party in the council shapes the legislature and the other party goes about as opposition.Coalition governments are not framed in a bi-party framework. On the off chance that the decision party loses the lion's share in the lawmaking body, the Cabinet tenders its acquiescence. In such a case the resistance shapes the legislature. It becomes administering party and the party which was heretofore front the decision party, turns into the resistance.

 

(2) Formation of government is simpler : In this framework, the arrangement of the legislature is simpler in light of the fact that one party gets lion's share and head of state welcomes their chief to shape the administration. In the event that regardless, the lion's share party loses the larger part uphold in the assembly, the other party i.e., resistance, is welcome to shape the administration.

 

(3) It guarantees a solid government and coherence of strategy : As there is a steady government, it can seek after a decent approach constantly. The administration can define long haul plans for the government assistance of the individuals.

 

(4) Responsibility can be fixed effectively : In this framework the legislature is in the possession of one party. So it tends to be given acknowledgment for its prosperity and if fizzles on any front, it gains terrible name. It is along these lines simple to fix the obligation and the decision party can't move duty to other people.

 

(5) Constructive analysis : In this framework, the resistance enjoys helpful analysis of the legislature, since it realizes that if there should be an occurrence of the disappointment of the administration, it should shape the legislature. In such an in the long run, it should eliminate every one of those imperfections for which it hosted scrutinized the decision gathering.

 

(6) Commanding situation of the Prime Minister : In a bi-party framework, the Prime Minister appreciates the certainty of his own party. On the off chance that the Prime Minister hosts adequate effect on his get-together and if his party has adequate lion's share in the council, he will have no trouble in running the legislature.

For what reason is one-party framework not thought about a decent equitable government ?

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Answer :

(1) In certain nations just one-party is permitted to control and run the administration. These are called one-party framework. For instance in China just the Communist Party is permitted to run the show.

 

(2) Merits :

 

1.            It aides in the foundation of stable governments.

 

2.            It aides in the quick improvement of the nation as there are no contentions among the classes.

 

3.            The organization gets productive as the forces are amassed in the possession of party pioneers.

 

4.            There is solidarity and control in the nation.

 

5.            Time isn't squandered in pointless analysis and purposeful publicity.

 

(c) Demerits :

 

1.            There is no opportunity of articulation. Nobody can denounce the party.

 

2.            Democracy is dissolved and one-party tyranny is set up.

 

3.            There is no regard for the perspectives on various classes and interests.

 

4.            The organization gets flippant because of absence of analysis and resistance.

 

5.            Political and social opportunities are squashed. This upsets the advancement of the character.

Why present day popular governments can't exist without political factions ?

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Answer :

Political coalitions perform different capacities, for example, challenging decisions, development of government, go about as resistance. We, consequently, need political coalitions in a vote based system. Yet at the same time question is raised why current vote based systems can't exist without political factions. The purposes behind this are as referenced beneath :

 

1.            In the nonattendance of political coalitions, each applicant in the races will be free. There will be no guarantees, no party pronouncements. Individuals won't have the option to think about the future program/strategies of the new government after the races.

 

2.            The government might be framed however there will be no solidarity among the individuals from the council except if they are individuals from one political party.

 

3.            Elected agents will be responsible to the citizens/individuals of their supporters for their issues and guarantees made to them. Nobody will be considered answerable for the unfamiliar and safeguard approaches of the nation in light of the fact that these are choices that are taken by greater part or collectively. The inquiry may likewise be raised to whom the individuals will be dependable and why for public strategies.

 

4.            It might be referenced here that in any event, during the non-party based races to the panchayats, the gatherings don't challenge officially yet it is commonly seen that the town gets part into more than one group, every one of which sets up a 'board' of its applicants. This capacity is performed by political factions in a popular government.

 

5.            Modern enormous scope social orders need delegate majority rules system which thus need some office to accumulate various perspectives on different issues and present these to the legislature. This capacity is finished by political factions. Accordingly, parties are an important condition for vote based system just as present day popular governments can't exist without political coalitions.

1

the CPI (M) appreciate solid help

A

Uttar Pradesh

2

the CPI (M) doesn’t appreciate solid help

B

Top party authority

3

picks the contender for challenging decisions in India

C

West Bengal

4

Doesn’t picks the contender for challenging decisions in India

D

The current government

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Answer :

1-C, 2-A, 3-B, 4-D

1

China

A

classes can the Indian National Congress be put

2

India

B

hosts a one-get-together framework

3

Centrist party

C

Doesn’t hosts a one-get-together framework

4

Rightist party

D

classes cannot  the Indian National Congress be put

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Answer :

1-B, 2-D, 3-A, 4-C

1

India

A

number of didn’t perceived public gatherings were there in 2006

2

China

B

is the case of two-party framework

3

6

C

Isn’t the case of two-party framework

4

5

D

number of perceived public gatherings were there in 2006

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Answer :

1-B, 2-C, 3-D, 4-A

1

1980

A

was the BJP established

2

1885

B

was the BSP established

3

1984

C

was the INC established

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Answer :

1-A, 2-C, 3-B

1

One-party framework

A

Centrist party

2

Two-party framework

B

not a decent choice for a vote based state

3

Indian National Congress be put

C

 a decent choice for a vote based state

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Answer :

1-B, 2-C, 3-A

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