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CBSE Solutions for Class 10 English

GSEB std 10 science solution for Gujarati check Subject Chapters Wise::

What is implied by Gross Domestic Product (GDP)? How is GDP estimated in India?

 

 

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જવાબ : (GDP) of a nation is the estimation of the apparent multitude of definite products and enterprises delivered in every sector inside a nation during a specific year. This shows how enormous the nation's economy is. Gross domestic product is estimated by the Central Government Ministry. This Ministry, with the assistance of the apparent multitude of Indian States and Union Territories, gathers data identifying with all out volume of merchandise and ventures and their costs and afterward makes a gauge of the GDP


Order the financial sectors based on nature of exercises. Notice the principle highlight of each.

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જવાબ : Based on nature of exercises, financial sectors are ordered into: 1.            Primary sector 2.            Secondary sector 3.            Tertiary sector Primary sector frames the base for all different items that we in this manner make. Since a large portion of the common items we get, are from horticulture, dairy, fishing, ranger service, this sector is additionally called sector for farming and related exercises (stone quarrying, animal cultivation, and so forth) Secondary sector covers exercises in which normal items are changed into different structures through methods of assembling. It can occur in a processing plant, workshop or at home. Models: (a) Spinning sweet potato from cotton fiber from plants. (b) Making sugar from sugarcane. It is additionally called the Industrial sector. Tertiary sector. Exercises in this sector don't deliver any products. This sector produces benefits that go about as help and backing to the Primary and Secondary sectors. Administrations like organization, police, armed force, transport, emergency clinics, instructive foundations, post and broadcast, courts, city enterprise, insurance agencies, stockpiling, exchange correspondence and banking are a portion of the instances of exercises of the Tertiary sector. This sector is otherwise called Service sector.


For what reason didn't move out of primary sector occur in the event of work in spite of the fact that there has been an adjustment in the portion of the three sectors in GDP?

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જવાબ : A wonderful reality about India is that while there has been an adjustment in the portion of the three sectors in GDP, a comparable move has not occurred in work. 1.            A comparative move out of primary sector didn't occur if there should be an occurrence of business on the grounds that insufficient positions were made in the secondary and tertiary sectors. 2.            Even however modern yield or the creation of merchandise went up by multiple times during the period, work in the business went up by just 2.5 times. 3.            While creation in the administration sector rose by multiple times, work in the administration sector rose under multiple times. Therefore, the greater part of the laborers in the nation are working in the primary sector, principally in farming, creating just a fourth of the GDP.


Disclose any three different ways to take care of the issue of underemployment.

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જવાબ : There are individuals who are able to do preferable work and procuring more over what they are getting. The explanation behind this is that better positions for which they are qualified are not accessible. Such individuals are named as underemployed, e.g., an alumni educator driving a taxi. Underemployment is generally common in the primary or farming sector. Three different ways to tackle the issue of underemployment: 1.            Provision of credits may help in making occupations for camouflaged jobless and underemployed laborers. The advance cash can be utilized for the advancement of monetary action of the family adding to the family's procuring or for setting up a bungalow industry. 2.            Another path is to advance and find enterprises and administrations in semi-rustic regions where an enormous number of individuals might be utilized. Model, Setting up a dal plant, opening a chilly stockpiling, beginning or advancing nectar assortment. 3.            If neighborhood banks offer credit to ranchers at a sensible pace of revenue, they will have the option to purchase farming data sources and increment efficiency. 4.            Centres for vegetables and organic product preparing, wellbeing focuses, instructive establishments, the travel industry and IT focuses will positively help in making occupations.


What are last merchandise and moderate products? How would they help in figuring (GDP) Gross Domestic Product?

 

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જવાબ : Last merchandise are merchandise that are eventually devoured by the shopper instead of utilized in the creation of another great. Middle merchandise are products utilized as contributions to the creation of definite merchandise and ventures. For instance, a vehicle offered to a buyer is a last decent; segments, for example, a tire offered to the vehicle producer is a moderate decent. The estimation of definite merchandise as of now incorporates the estimation of all halfway products that are utilized in making the last great. The estimation of conclusive merchandise and enterprises created in every sector during a specific year gives the absolute creation of the sector for that year. What's more, the amount of creation in the three sectors gives the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of a nation. It is the estimation of every single last great and administrations delivered inside a nation during a specific year.


"The issue of underemployment isn't restricted distinctly to agribusiness". Backing the assertion with models.

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જવાબ : The issue of underemployment isn't limited uniquely to horticulture. It can likewise occur in different sectors. •             For model, there are a great many easygoing laborers in the administration sector in metropolitan zones who look for day by day work. They are utilized as painters, handymen, fix people and other unspecialized temp jobs. A significant number of them don't look for some kind of employment regular. •            Similarly, we see others of the administration sector on the road pushing a truck or selling something where they may go through the entire day yet procure practically nothing. They are accomplishing such work just because of the absence of better business openings. •             The chaotic sector incorporates little and dispersed units outside the administration control. Work isn't secure. Individuals can be approached to leave with no explanation. When there is less work, for example, during certain seasons, a few people might be approached to leave.


With the case of sugarcane, clarify the association of the apparent multitude of three sectors of the economy.

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જવાબ : The primary sector includes creation at the most essential level, i.e., through abuse of characteristic assets. Development of sugarcane is a farming action which goes under the primary sector. Crude materials from the primary sector are changed over into handled products through assembling in the secondary sector. Utilizing sugarcane as crude material, jaggery and sugar is made in the manufacturing plants. The tertiary or administration sector offers help to the cycle of creation. It incorporates transportation, stockpiling, promoting and offer of items. For example, transportation of sugarcane from the fields to the sugar factories. Further on, the transportation of jaggery and sugar from plants and sugar factories to the business sectors. The rancher (Primary sector) likewise needs manures and seeds which are prepared in some industrial facility (Secondary sector) and which will be conveyed to his doorstep by certain methods for transportation (Tertiary sector). Thusly, for every last cycle there is relationship of the three sectors of the economy on one another.


For what reason is NREGA likewise called the Right to work? Clarify the targets of National Rural Employment Guarantee Act 2005.

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જવાબ : Each state or locale in India has potential for expanding the pay and work around there. Perceiving this, the Central Government in India has passed a demonstration called the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act 2005, Primary targets of the NREGA 2005 are: •             to actualize the Right to Work in 200 locale of India. •             to ensure 100 days of work in a year by the Government. In the event that the Government fizzles, it offers joblessness remittance. •             to offer inclination to the kind of work that will help increment the creation from land.


Clarify how open sector adds to the monetary advancement of a country.

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જવાબ : In the public sector, responsibility for and conveyance of administrations is under the legislature. The legislature goes through enormous measures of cash in offering different types of assistance to people in general at sensible expenses. The administration in this manner contributes towards the financial improvement of the country: By advancement of framework, i.e., 1.            Construction of streets, public roadways, flyovers, metro-rails, railroad lines, water system through dams, and so on 2.            The government gives a force to mechanical development by providing power at moderate rates. 3.            By running schools and giving great nature of instruction, the administration is attempting to eliminate ignorance and taking the country forward.


Name the sector wherein the administration possesses the greater part of the resources and gives all the administrations.

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જવાબ : Public Sector


Which are the three sectors of financial exercises ?

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જવાબ : 1.            Primary or agribusiness and related sector. 2.            Secondary or mechanical sector. 3.            Tertiary or administrations sector.


For what reason is the primary sector called agribusiness and related sector ?

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જવાબ : Since a large portion of the characteristic items we get are from agribusiness, dairy, fishing, ranger service. This sector is additionally called agribusiness and related sectors.


Which occupation has a place with the primary sector ? Notice any one.

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જવાબ : Dairy, fishing and ranger service.


In which sector all characteristic items are changed into structures through methods of assembling ? [CBSE 2016-17]

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જવાબ : Secondary sector.


For what reason is the secondary sector called modern sector ?

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જવાબ : Since this sector continuously became related with the various types of businesses that surfaced it is additionally called as mechanical sector.


Express any one element of the tertiary sector with model.

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જવાબ : The exercises in the tertiary sector don't deliver a decent however they are a guide or a help for the creation cycle. For instance products created in the primary or secondary sector need transport to send them to business sectors.


For what reason is tertiary sector called administration sector ?

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જવાબ : The administration sector produces benefits as opposed to merchandise, it is known as the administration sector e.g., instructors.


Order the accompanying occupations under primary, secondary and tertiary sectors : washerman, dairy, fishing, sugar plant, ATM corners.

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જવાબ : •             Primary sector — Dairy, fishing. •             Secondary sector – Sugar industrial facility. •             Tertiary sector – Washerman, ATM stall.


How would we get complete creation of a sector for a specific year ?

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જવાબ : The estimation of conclusive merchandise and ventures created in every sector during a specific year gives the complete creation to that year.


How would we get the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of a nation ?

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જવાબ : The amount of creation in the three sectors gives the Gross Domestic Product of a nation.


In which sector are the greater part of individuals utilized now-a-days ?

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જવાબ : The administration sector.


Which was the fundamental factor for the change from primary sector to the secondary sector ?

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જવાબ : It was because of the presentation of new strategies for assembling during modern upheaval.


In 1973 and 2003 which sector had most extreme offer in GDP in India ?

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જવાબ : 1.            1973 – Primary Sector. 2.            2003 – Tertiary Sector.


Why the primary sector keeps on being the biggest business in 1973 just as in 2000 ? Give one explanation.

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જવાબ : It is on the grounds that insufficient positions were made in the secondary and tertiary sectors.


For what reason is the tertiary sector getting significant in India ? Give any one explanation.

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જવાબ : The central point is the need of fundamental administrations, for example, medical clinics, instructive foundations, post and transmit administrations, police headquarters, courts and so forth


What do you mean by under-work in farming sector ?

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જવાબ : In agrarian sector, under-work implies that there are a greater number of individuals utilized in horticulture than is vital.


What is masked joblessness ?

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જવાબ : This sort of under-business is covered up as opposed to somebody who doesn't have a work and is unmistakably obvious as jobless. Henceforth it is called camouflaged joblessness.


Express any single direction to make greater business openings in the nation.

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જવાબ : New business open doors can be made by recognizing, advancing and finding ventures and administrations in semi-provincial zones where countless individuals might be utilized. For instance a dal factory.


State one element of NREGA 2005

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જવાબ : Under NREGA – National Rural Employment Guarantee Act 2005, every one of the individuals who can, and are needing work, have been ensured 100 days of work in a year by the administration.


For what reason do you think NREGA 2005 is alluded to as 'Option to Work' ?

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જવાબ : Since it ensures 100 days of work in a year by the legislature.


Give one case of under-work.

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જવાબ : Painters, handymen and fix people are instances of under-work. These individuals may go through the entire day yet procure practically nothing. They are accomplishing this work since they don't have better chances.


As indicated by appraisals of the Planning Commission the number of occupations can be made in the schooling sector alone ?

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જવાબ : Arranging Commission assesses that almost 20 lakh positions can be made in the instruction sector alone.


Express any one element of the composed sector.

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જવાબ : Composed sector covers those endeavors or work environments where terms of business are customary and in this way, individuals have guaranteed work.


What are the attributes of the sloppy sector ? Express any one

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જવાબ : In disorderly sector, there are no arrangement for additional time, paid leave, occasions, leave ' due to sjpkness and so forth;


Which gatherings of individuals are utilized in sloppy sector in the rustic zones ?

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જવાબ : In the provincial regions, the chaotic sector generally comprises of landless horticultural workers, little and minimal ranchers, businesspeople and weavers, metal forgers and so on


In metropolitan territories which laborers/individuals come in the classification of sloppy sector ?

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જવાબ : In metropolitan territories, chaotic sector includes basically of laborers in little scope industry, easygoing specialists in development, exchange and transport and so forth


In which sector dominant part of laborers from planned stations, clans and in reverse networks are utilized ?

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જવાબ : Sloppy sector.


Group financial exercises into sectors based on proprietorship. Give models

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જવાબ : 1.            In terms of possession, sectors can be separated into public and private sectors. 2.            Public sector – Railways. 3.            Private sector-Tata Iron and Steel Company Ltd.


What are the goals of public and private sector undertakings ? State one each.

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જવાબ : 1.            Public sector – Welfare of individuals and not to acquire benefit. 2.            Private sector – To acquire benefit.


Express any two exercises that are the primary duties of the administration.

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જવાબ : Giving wellbeing and training offices to all


Group the economy based on responsibility for.

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જવાબ : Public Sector and Private Sector.


Group the economy based on the idea of the movement.

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જવાબ : The economy is grouped based on monetary exercises into three sectors to be specific Primary sector, Secondary sector and Tertiary sector.


What is masked joblessness?

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જવાબ : Masked joblessness is a circumstance where a greater number of individuals are utilized on an occupation than the necessary number.


Creation of a ware, generally through the common cycle is a movement of which sector?

 

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જવાબ : Primary Sector


Name the sector where the administration claims the greater part of the resources and gives all the administrations

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જવાબ : Pubic Sector


Name the sector which kept on being the biggest business even in the year 2000.

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જવાબ : The primary sector kept on being the biggest business even in the year 2000.


How long of ensured business are given under National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, 2005?

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જવાબ : 100 days of business are ensured under NREGA, 2005.


ATM is a case of which sector?

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જવાબ : Tertiary sector


Recommend any single direction to make work opportunity in the country zones.

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જવાબ : Setting up a dal factory, opening a chilly stockpiling, beginning or advancing nectar assortment are a portion of the methods of making work openings in country zones.


Creation of a product, generally through the characteristic cycle is an action of which sector?

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જવાબ : Primary Sector


Portray the significance of Primary sector in the Indian economy.
 

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જવાબ : Significance of Primary sector:

1.  Primary Sector gives the essential needs of economy for food and mineral metals.

2.  It delivers a portion of the crude materials (like jute, cotton, coal separated from mines) for the mechanical sector.

3.   The Primary sector kept on being the biggest boss in the economy even in the year 2000, the explanation being that Secondary and Tertiary sectors actually don't make enough positions.

4.  The rural populace in the Primary sector gives a huge market of purchasers for the Secondary sector (for purchasing completed items like garments, merchandise of day by day need, composts, and so on)


How might we make greater work in secondary and tertiary sectors in provincial India?

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જવાબ : 1.   Investing in essential horticultural framework like development of dams and trenches for water system can prompt a great deal of work age inside the rural sector itself diminishing the issue of under business.

 

2.   If the legislature puts some cash in the capacity and transportation of harvests, or improves rustic streets so small scale trucks reach all over, a few ranchers can proceed to develop and sell these yields consistently. This action can give gainful work to ranchers as well as others, for example, those in administrations like vehicle or exchange.

 

3.     Providing credit at a sensible pace important to assist ranchers with purchasing seeds, composts, rural supplies, pumpsets and so forth can produce work in provincial banking.

 

4.   The government/banks can give advances at modest rates to the little ranchers to improve their irrigational offices like building a well so they can water their territory well and get a few yields per year rather than one. In this manner more individuals can be utilized in a similar field.

5.  Another path is to advance and find ventures and administrations in semi-rustic regions where an enormous number of individuals might be utilized. For instance, setting up a dal factory, opening a chilly stockpiling, beginning or advancing nectar assortment, and so forth


Clarify the significance of the administration sector.

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જવાબ : Tertiary sector or administration sector assumes an extremely critical job and its significance is rising step by step:

1.    Greater the improvement of primary sector and secondary sector more would be the interest for Services.

2.   Tertiary sector has become the biggest maker in India in light of the fact that different sorts of Services, for example, clinics, instructive foundations, post and transmit administrations, police headquarters, courts, town authoritative workplaces, transport, banks, insurance agencies, and so on are required.

3.   Even improvement of farming and industry prompts the advancement of administrations, for example, transport, exchange and capacity, and so on

4.   With the ascent in pay, interest for additional administrations is rising.

For instance, eating out in eateries, the travel industry, shopping centers and shopping buildings, schools, proficient preparing, and so forth

5.    New administrations like Information Technology and redistributing have gotten significant for modem day exchange and industry.

Tragically, the fast development of the administration sector in India has not yet demonstrated the normal comparing increment in work.


By what method would employment be able to be expanded in both rustic and metropolitan territories? Clarify.

 

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જવાબ : Approaches to give greater business openings in provincial zones:

1.    Promote and find enterprises and administrations in semi-rustic territories where countless individuals might be utilized. Model, setting up a dal plant, opening a cool stockpiling, beginning or advancing nectar assortment.

2.        Promoting little scope businesses, little scope producing units, agro-preparing ventures and giving advances to the equivalent. The administration/banks can give advances at modest rates to the little ranchers to improve their irrigational offices so they can get a few yields every year rather than one. Hence more individuals can be utilized in a similar field.

3.        If more dams are manufactured and waterway water is given to all the little ranchers, at that point a ton of business can be produced in the agrarian sector.

 

4.      If more cash is spent on transportation and capacity, at that point little ranchers will be profited as well as a lot more individuals can be utilized in transport and capacity sector.

5.      Investing more in the travel industry and utilizing more youth in this sector.


"There are a few things required by the general public all in all". In the light of this assertion disclose with respect to who can give them at a sensible cost, the private or the public sector and why?

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જવાબ : Society in general needs a few things which the private sector won't have the option to give at a sensible expense.

Explanations behind this are:

1.            Activities in the private sector are guided by the rationale to acquire benefits and not government assistance of the individuals,

2.            There are a few administrations required by the general public which the private sector can't give at a sensible cost. Exercises like development of streets, spans, railroads, water system through dams and so on, require immense measure of cash which is past the limit of the Private sector. Private sector charges high rates for the utilization of these administrations.

3.            It is hard for the Private sector to gather cash from a huge number of individuals who utilize these administrations.

4.            The Private sector in some cases overlooks territorial adjusted turn of events, correspondence of pay and improvement of fundamental enterprises.

5.            Private sector charges incorporate net revenues while the legislature will charge a sensible cost for administrations. It is the primary obligation of the legislature to guarantee the arrangement of public offices with a help witticism.


Depict any five conditions or angles that you would consider prior to tolerating a work?

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જવાબ : Prior to tolerating an occupation numerous variables should be viewed as separated from pay—

1.            These incorporate factors, for example, offices for families, working climate, or occasion to learn.

2.            In another case, an occupation may give less compensation yet may offer ordinary business that improves feeling that all is well with the world. Another work notwithstanding, may extend to significant salary yet no employment opportunity security and furthermore allow for family.

3.            The terms of work are according to government rules and guidelines.

4.            The venture additionally gives a few different advantages like paid leave, fortunate asset, tip, and so on

5.            The business likewise makes arrangements for health advantages and safe workplace. A sheltered and secure climate may permit more ladies to take up an assortment of occupations.


'There has been a major change in the three sectors of monetary exercises, however a comparative move has not occurred in the portion of work.' Explain the above assertion based on realities.

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જવાબ : In spite of the fact that there has been an adjustment in the portion of the three sectors in GDP, comparative move has not occurred in the structure of business. The Primary sector keeps on being the biggest boss even in the year 2000. The purpose behind this is that insufficient positions are made in the Secondary and Tertiary sectors. The greater part of the laborers in the nation are working in the Primary sector, principally in agribusiness, creating just a fourth of GDP. As opposed to this, Secondary and Tertiary sectors produce three-fourths of the produce however they utilize not exactly 50% of the individuals.

Reasons:

1.            During the most recent thirty years in the Indian economy, insufficient positions have been made in the Secondary and Tertiary sectors, despite the fact that their yield has expanded numerous folds. Accordingly the greater part of the laborers in the nation are working in the primary sector, mostly farming, causing gross underemployment due to congestion in the sector.

2.            There are a greater number of individuals occupied with agrarian exercises than is important. The circumstance is with the end goal that regardless of whether we eliminate many individuals from agribusiness, the creation of this sector won't be influenced.


Characterize tertiary sector. Portray about the various types of individuals utilized in this sector in India.

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જવાબ : Tertiary sector. Exercises in this sector don't create any merchandise. This sector produces benefits that go about as help and backing to the primary and secondary sector. Administrations like organization, police, armed force, transport, emergency clinics, instructive foundations, post and broadcast, courts, civil partnership, banking and protection, stockpiling, exchange and interchanges are instances of exercises in the tertiary sector. This sector is otherwise called the Service Sector.

1.            The first sort of individuals are the profoundly talented and taught individuals offering particular types of assistance. E.g., specialists, legal counselors, bookkeepers, and so on There are a predetermined number of administrations that utilize profoundly gifted and instructed laborers and offer huge pay rates.

2.            There are likewise countless laborers occupied with administrations, for example, little retailers, fix people, transport people. These individuals scarcely figure out how to procure a living but they play out these administrations in light of the fact that no elective open doors for work are accessible to them.

Consequently, just a portion of this sector is filling in significance.


Express any five highlights every one of public sector and private sector.

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જવાબ : Public Sector:

1.            The government possesses the vast majority of the resources.

2.            All the administrations are given by the legislature.

3.            The primary thought process of the public sector is the government assistance of the individuals (masses). Exercises are guided by the interest of the country all in all.

4.            Employees feel made sure about and there is order and standard work.

5.            Governments fund-raise through expenses and other meAnswer:

 

6.            For model, railroads, mail depots, development of streets, spans, harbors, dams, and so on

Private Sector:

1.            In the private sector, responsibility for is in the possession of private people or organizations.

2.            Services are given or are in the possession of people.

3.            Activities in the private sector are guided by the thought process to procure benefits and not government assistance of the individuals.

4.            Jobs of the representatives are less made sure about and the impulses of the proprietors are most importantly.

5.            Private sector charges high rates for the utilization of administrations gave by them.

6.            For model, Companies like Tata Iron and Steel Co. (TISCO), Reliance Industries, and so forth


Clarify with appropriate models how open sector adds to the financial improvement of the country.

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જવાબ : Function of Public sector in financial turn of events. The Public sector is that sector of the economy wherein the administration possesses the majority of the resources and gives all the administrations, e.g., railroads, post and broadcast.

1.            It advances quick monetary improvement through creation and development of foundation.

2.            The public sector offers different types of assistance and offices like development of streets, spans, railroads, water system through dams, and so forth where weighty spending is required.

3.            A huge number of exercises are a primary duty of the administration like schools, medical clinics, lodging, safe drinking water, and so on

4.            Certain exercises are intended to be upheld by the administration, such as giving power to little scope enterprises at low costs, flexibly of food to poor people, and so on It energizes improvement of little, medium and cabin businesses.

5.            It guarantees accessibility of products and ventures at moderate rates and furthermore adds to network advancement through creation and extension of framework.


In what manner can laborers in the sloppy sector be secured? Clarify giving instances of country and metropolitan regions.

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જવાબ : There is requirement for insurance and backing of the laborers in the sloppy sector:

1.            In the provincial regions, this sector involves landless agrarian workers, little and peripheral ranchers, tenant farmers and craftsmans (weaners, craftsmen, goldsmiths).

These ranchers should be upheld through satisfactory office for convenient conveyance of seeds, farming sources of info, credit, storerooms and advertising outlets.

2.            In metropolitan territories, laborers in the little scope industry, easygoing specialists in development, exchange and transport, road sellers, head load laborers, piece of clothing creators, ragpickers and so on are every one of the a piece of the unorganised sector. Little scope laborers need government help for acquiring crude materials and advertising of their merchandise.

3.            The government must put forth coordinated attempts to guarantee that laborers in this sector are not misused and acquire reasonable wages. They should likewise be furnished with employer stability and different advantages.


Portray certain exercises of public interest on which the legislature needs to zero in on need premise.

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જવાબ : Exercises of public interest on which the administration needs to zero in on a need premise:

1.            Education. The legislature must give satisfactory instruction offices in all rustic and metropolitan regions. The legislature should essentially zero in on training for young ladies with the goal that all young ladies can secure atleast secondary level tutoring. Running legitimate schools and giving quality instruction, especially rudimentary training, is the obligation of the legislature.

2.            Health and Nutrition,

1.            Basic medical care offices are an unquestionable requirement for all. Foundation of government clinics, facilities and dispensaries, particularly in rustic zones, to give sponsored and unadulterated medications to the more unfortunate segments of society.

2.            An viable Public Distribution System—appropriate working of proportion shops and fair dissemination of food grains is exceptionally basic.

 

3.            Transportation. An all around created public vehicle framework to make it simple for overall population to drive.

4.            Electricity. It is the obligation of the legislature to give power and water at sensible rates to the everyday person and keep him from misuse by privately owned businesses.


Analyze the work conditions winning in the Organized and Unorganized sectors. 

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જવાબ : Composed sector:

1.            In this sector, terms of business are normal and individuals have guaranteed work.

2.            They are enlisted by the legislature.

3.            Workers appreciate security of business, they need to work for fixed hours, they are paid extra time and appreciate a few different advantages like paid leave, installment during occasions, Provident Fund, tip, annuity, retirement benefits, health advantages, and so forth

4.            Entities under Organized sector need to keep the standards and guidelines which are given in different laws (Factories Act, Minimum Wages Act, Payment of Gratuity Act, Shops and Establishment Act).

Sloppy sector:

1.            In this sector, work isn't secure and occupations are unpredictable.

2.            Here government rules are not followed as they are outside the control of the legislature.

3.            Usually, they extend to low-paid employment opportunities, no arrangement for extra time, paid leave, occasion leave or wiped out leave.

4.            Employees can be approached to leave with no explanation. One can likewise observe an enormous number of under-utilized laborers in this sector.


Clarify the significance of the administration sector.

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જવાબ : Tertiary sector or administration sector assumes an extremely critical job and its significance is rising step by step:

1.            Greater the advancement of primary sector and secondary sector more would be the interest for Services.

2.            Tertiary sector has become the biggest maker in India on the grounds that different sorts of administrations, for example, clinics, instructive organizations, post and transmit administrations, police headquarters, courts, town regulatory workplaces, transport, banks, insurance agencies and so forth are required.

3.            Even advancement of farming and industry prompts the improvement of administrations, for example, transport, exchange and capacity and so on

4.            With the ascent in pay, interest for additional administrations is rising.

For instance, eating out in cafés, the travel industry, shopping centers and shopping edifices, schools, proficient preparing.

5.            New administrations like Information Technology and re-appropriating have gotten significant for current exchange and industry.

Lamentably, the quick development of the administration sector in India has not yet demonstrated the normal

relating increment in business.


By what means would employment be able to be expanded in both rustic and metropolitan territories? Clarify.

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જવાબ : Approaches to give greater work openings in rustic territories:

 

1.            Promote and find businesses and administrations in semi-provincial zones where an enormous number of individuals might be utilized. For instance, setting up a dal factory, opening a cool stockpiling, beginning or advancing nectar assortment.

 

2.            Promoting little scope enterprises, little scope producing units, agro-preparing businesses and giving advances to the equivalent. The administration/banks can give advances at modest rates to the little ranchers to improve their irrotational offices with the goal that they can get a few harvests every year rather than one. In this way more individuals can be utilized in a similar field.

 

3.            If more dams are fabricated and trench water is given to all the little ranchers, at that point a great deal of business can be created in the rural sector.

 

4.            If more cash is spent on transportation and capacity, at that point little ranchers will be profited as well as a lot more individuals can be utilized in transport and capacity sector.

 

5.            Investing more in the travel industry and utilizing more youth in this sector.


"There are a few things required by the general public all in all". In the light of this assertion disclose concerning who can give them at a sensible cost, the private or the public sector and why?

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જવાબ : Society overall needs a few things which the private sector won't have the option to give at a sensible expense.

Explanations behind this are:

1.            Activities in the private sector are guided by the intention to acquire benefits and not government assistance of the individuals.

2.            There are a few administrations required by the general public which the private sector can't give at a sensible cost. Exercises like development of streets, spans, railroads, water system through dams, and so on, require immense measure of cash which is past the limit of the Private sector. Private sector charges high rates for the utilization of these administrations.

3.            It is hard for the Private sector to gather cash from a great many individuals who utilize these administrations.

4.            The Private sector now and again overlooks provincial adjusted turn of events, correspondence of pay and advancement of essential enterprises.

 

5.            Private sector charges incorporate overall revenues while the legislature will charge a sensible cost for administrations. It is the primary obligation of the legislature to guarantee the arrangement of public offices with an assistance proverb


For what reason do the cutting edge governments spend a great deal of cash on various exercises without procuring benefit ?

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જવાબ : The reasons are as given underneath :

•             Welfare of individuals : The modem state is a government assistance express that cares for the interests of its residents. Individuals pay various kinds of assessments and anticipate that the legislature should follow arrangements for the government assistance of the individuals. Thus, for the most part those exercises which don't create benefit and are not taken up by the private sector, are taken up by the administration or the public sector. Subsequently, administrations like Railways or Posts and Telegraphs are given by the legislature.

•             Large use : Some exercises like development of streets and so on need enormous amount of use which can't be borne by the private sector. Along these lines, the administration takes up such exercises in light of a legitimate concern for the individuals in a majority rules system.

•             Some exercises that need backing of the legislature : There are a few exercises that need backing of the administration as appropriation, for example, arrangement of foodgrains for the poor through apportion shops. The legislature purchases wheat, paddy and so forth at a more exorbitant cost yet sells at a lower cost at 'apportion shops'. Such exercises can't be taken up by the private sector.

•             Duty of the administration : It is the obligation of the legislature to increase the expectation of living of the individuals. It should make game plans for quality schooling and wellbeing administrations so as to deal with the least fortunate of poor people and most disregarded locales of the nation. Accordingly, the administration takes up different exercises and spends a great deal of cash on them


What steps ought to be taken by the legislature to ensure laborers in the sloppy sector ?

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જવાબ : Following advances ought to be taken to give assurance and backing to them :

1.            Small ranchers who include 80% of the rural'households, ought to be upheld in securing seeds, horticultural sources of info, credit, storerooms and showcasing outlets.

2.            In metropolitan zones, government should assist little with scaling industry in acquiring crude material and advertising of products.

3.            The interests of the easygoing specialists in country just as metropolitan territories must be ensured by law.

4.            The government should find a way to guarantee equivalent treatment for all especially low stations.

Least Wages Act ought to be upheld carefully.

5.            The government should find a way to guarantee guideline of working hours and award of clinical offices and so forth

6.            The government should make severe move against those businesses who segregate by virtue of rank, belief and sex.


Clarify measures that can be embraced to eliminate camouflaged joblessness in the agribusiness sector.

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જવાબ : The accompanying advances can be taken to eliminate camouflaged joblessness in the agricul¬ture sector :

•             Loans ought to be given to little ranchers by the legislature or banks to have more water system offices like wells and cylinder wells so as to empower them to develop second harvest.

•             New dams and waterways ought to be built. This will prompt greater work in the agrarian sector.

•             Transportation and storerooms must be improved to give gainful employ¬ment to the ranchers as well as others in administrations like vehicle and exchange.

•             Banks ought to give rural credit to the ranchers to improve cultivating.

•             Industries, for example, dal factory, cold stockpiling, hoi\ey assortment focuses, preparing of vegetables should be set up in rustic or semi-country territories. Such businesses will get crude materials from the provincial territories and will make greater work open doors for the country individuals.

•             Schools ought to be opened in country territories. This will give occupations to around 20 lakh individuals in the training sector.

•             Health administrations ought to be improved in country zones by opening dispensaries and emergency clinics. This will make occupations for specialists, attendants and other staff.

•             Tourism, local art industry or Information Technology ought to be urged by the administration to make greater business openings in the rustic regions.

•             As a transient measure, the administration has actualized the Right to Work in 200 regions of India. It is called National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) 2005.


Give the importance of tertiary sector. Express any three factors that added to the development of this sector.

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જવાબ : (1) Tertiary sector identifies with the exercises that help in the improvement of the primary and secondary sectors. These exercises without anyone else don't create a decent however they are a guide or a help for the creation cycle.

(2) The reasons for tertiary sector turning out to be significant sector in India by supplanting the primary sector are as per the following: ,

•             Concept of government assistance state and fundamental administrations : In an advanced government assistance state, for example, India, the essential administrations, for example, emergency clinics, instructive organizations, post and transmit administrations, police headquarters, courts, transport, banks and insurance agencies are required. These have become a need. It is the obligation of the state to offer these types of assistance. Every one of these administrations come in the class of administration sector.

•             Development of horticulture and industry : The advancement of farming and industry prompts the improvement of transport, stockpiling and different administrations. As these sectors make greater turn of events, the administration sector also extends and its significance increments as needs be.

•             Rise in pay : In the ongoing years, there has been an ascent in the pay of specific areas of individuals. Because of it, the interest for the travel industry, shopping and private emergency clinics and so on has expanded. This has prompted significance of tertiary sector.

Advancement of data innovation : The improvement of data and commu¬nication innovation has expanded the significance of tertiary sector since now the greater part of individuals need to profit these administrations, for example, cell phone, web bistro and so on The creation of these administrations has been rising quickly everywhere on the world.

Considering the above factor, the tertiary sector has filled quickly in contrast with different sectors


There are No Content Availble For this Chapter

1

primary sector

A

Banking

2

secondary sector

B

Trade

3

tertiary sector

C

Oil Extraction

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જવાબ :

1-C, 2-A, 3-B

1

primary sector

A

Transport

2

secondary sector

B

Foresting

3

tertiary sector

C

Entertainment

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જવાબ :

1-B, 2-C, 3-A

1

primary sector

A

Internet

2

secondary sector

B

Diamond Extraction

3

tertiary sector

C

Retail

4

Information Technology sector

D

Education

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જવાબ :

1-B, 2-C, 3-D, 4-A

1

primary sector

A

Computer hardware

2

secondary sector

B

Public Administration

3

tertiary sector

C

Tourism

4

Information Technology sector

D

Farming

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જવાબ :

1-D, 2-C, 3-B, 4-A

1

Minimum Wages Act

A

The Act is applicable to any factory using power & employing 10 or more workers 

2

National Rural Employment Guarantee Act

B

 An Act to provide for a scheme for the payment of gratuity to employees engaged in factories

3

Factories Act

C

It guarantees the 100 days of wage employment in the financial year to a rural household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work.

4

Payment of Gratuity Act

D

An Act to provide for fixing minimum rates of wages in certain employments.

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જવાબ :

1-D, 2-C, 3-A, 4-B

1

primary sector

A

Teaching

2

secondary sector

B

Construction

3

tertiary sector

C

mining

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જવાબ :

1-B, 2-C, 3-A

1

more people are employed than required

A

disguised unemployment

2

People are educated and unemployed

B

seasonal unemployment

3

People are employed in particular seasons only

C

educated unemployment

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જવાબ :

1-A, 2-C, 3-B

1

primary sector

A

BPO

2

secondary sector

B

Fishing

3

tertiary sector

C

Manufacturing

4

Information Technology sector

D

business services

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જવાબ :

1-B, 2-C, 3-D, 4-A

1

Firm

A

tertiary sector

2

Cow

B

carries economic activities

3

includes the units producing services

C

secondary sector

4

Doesn’t includes the units producing services

D

Doesn’t carries economic activities

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જવાબ :

1-B, 2-D, 3-A, 4-C

1

sector converts goods into goods

A

Primary Sector

2

Doesn’t sector converts goods into goods

B

ownership of enterprises

3

economy is classified into public and private sectors on the basis of

C

secondary sector

4

economy is classified into public and private sectors not on the basis of

D

employment conditions

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જવાબ :

1-C, 2-A, 3-B, 4-D

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Sectors of the Indian Economy

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