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CBSE Solutions for Class 10 English

GSEB std 10 science solution for Gujarati check Subject Chapters Wise::

Clarify the function of 'purchaser committees'.

 

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જવાબ : The Consumer Protection Councils help the customers from various perspectives. Some of them are: •             They control customers on the best way to record a case in shopper courts. •             They may speak to singular buyers in the purchaser courts. They make mindfulness among the individuals.


How do Consumer Protection Councils help buyers? Clarify three different ways.

 

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જવાબ : The Consumer Protection Councils help the purchasers from various perspectives. Some of them are: •             They control buyers on the most proficient method to record a case in shopper courts. •             They may speak to singular shoppers in the purchaser courts. •             They make mindfulness among the individuals.


Clarify the conditions under which markets don't work in a reasonable way.

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જવાબ : Markets don't work in a reasonable way when: •             makers are not many and incredible. •             buyers buy in little amounts. •             buyers are dissipated.


Clarify three elements of Consumer Protection Councils.

 

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જવાબ : The three elements of Consumer Protection Councils are: •             Writing articles and holding displays to grant information about purchaser rights and redressal. •             To search for acts of neglect in the market during the time spent purchasing and selling. •             Providing lawful help to shoppers by giving guide, lawful exhortation and looking for legitimate cure.


Why are rules and guidelines needed in the commercial center? Give three reasons.

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જવાબ : Rules and guidelines are needed for the security of shoppers in the commercial center because of the accompanying reasons: •             Sometimes, dealers enjoy uncalled for exchange practices, for example, underweight, under measurement, defilement, accumulating and so on •             Most of the customers are unconscious of their privileges and they are often tricked by the providers. •             Whenever a protest with respect to products or administrations is made, the merchant attempts to move all the obligation on the purchaser. •             Sometimes, the venders make bogus cases about the strength and nature of their items through promotions, snappy trademarks and jingles. •             Sometimes, the dealers make fake shortage through storing and dark promoting to sell the products at more exorbitant costs. •             Sometimes, the dealers enjoy corruption of products and give low quality merchandise to accomplish the objectives of profit and development.


Clarify why a customer ought to figure out how to be all around educated.

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જવાબ : A purchaser ought to figure out how to be very much educated in light of the fact that: •             A very much educated customer realizes how to battle for his privileges. •             A very much educated purchaser can't be cheated effectively by the retailers, brokers and so on •             Such a purchaser will have the option to move toward organizations for looking for redressal. •             Consumers will have the option to check the arrangements made by the administration on the off chance that they are denied from practicing their privileges. •             A all around educated shopper turns into a discerning purchaser, i.e., he realizes how to go through the money to infer greatest fulfillment out of the items, he purchases.


"A buyer has the privilege to get pay contingent upon the level of the harm." Support this assertion with a model.

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જવાબ : Customers reserve the privilege to look for redressal against unreasonable practices and misuse. On the off chance that any harm is done to a purchaser, the person has the option to get a remuneration, contingent upon the level of harm. There is have to give a simple and powerful open framework by which this should be possible. For instance, Pihu had sent a money request to her town for her sister's marriage. The money didn't contact her sister when she required it, nor did it arrive at months after the fact. Thus, Pihu recorded a case in the local level buyer court and rehearsed her entitlement to look for redressal.


Clarify any three factors that brought forth the Consumer Movement in India.

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જવાબ : The variables that brought forth Consumer Movement in India are: •             There was disappointment among the purchasers with respect to uncalled for exchange works on being reveled by the makers and merchants. •             There was no general set of laws accessible for the assurance of buyers from abuse in the commercial center. •             Rampart food deficiencies, accumulating, dark promoting and defilement of food and palatable oil represented a danger to the purchasers. •             The purchasers were unconscious about their privileges. Along these lines, to instruct and make them mindful, buyer development started.


Clarify any three reasons liable for establishing Consumer Protection Act, 1986 by the Government of India.

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જવાબ : The purposes behind authorizing Consumer Protection Act, 1986 by the Government of India are: •             There was disappointment among the buyers with respect to unjustifiable exchange works on being enjoyed by the makers or venders. •             There was no general set of laws accessible for the assurance of shoppers from abuse in the commercial center. •             Rampart food deficiencies, accumulating, dark promoting and contaminated of food and palatable oil represented a danger to buyers.


Shoppers reserve the option to be educated about the merchandise and ventures they buy. Clarify its three favorable circumstances.

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જવાબ : The benefits of the customer's entitlement to be educated are: •             The purchasers get total data about the item or administration prior to settling on a decision or a choice. •             The purchasers would have the option to understand the right method of handling and utilizing the item as certain items need appropriate consideration. •             If the item isn't found according to the data gave, it tends to be supplanted well as expected, in this way staying away from hustle and stress.


What is standardization of items? Notice any two associations liable for the standardization of items in India.

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જવાબ : Standardization of items implies creating quality standards for items that are straightforwardly related with the security, wellbeing and prosperity of the customers. This assistance the customers by giving affirmation that the items they are purchasing for utilization are not dangerous for them. The two associations liable for the standardization of items in India are Agmark (for eatables) and ISI (for electrical and electronic products).


For what reason is customer mindfulness spreading gradually? Give three reasons.

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જવાબ : Customer redressal measure is getting unwieldy, costly and tedious on the grounds that: •             Many multiple times, shoppers are needed to connect with a legal counselor, which turns into a costly issue. •             The cases require time for recording and going to court procedures which may not be workable for everybody. •             In many cases, the money updates are not given by the makers dr venders to the shoppers. All things considered, legitimate proof isn't anything but difficult to gather and deliver in the court. •             The current laws on the issue of pay are not clear and explicit.


"Markets don't work in a reasonable way when makers are not many and ground-breaking while buyers are dissipated and buy in limited quantity." Support the assertion.

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જવાબ : Markets don't work in a reasonable way when: •             makers are not many and ground-breaking. •             consumers buy in little amounts. •             customers are dissipated.


When do we observe National Consumer's Day?

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જવાબ : 24th December


Name the semi legal hardware, which is set up at the most significant level for redressal of purchaser questions.

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જવાબ : Public Level Consumer Courts


Give any one case of purchaser's 'entitlement to pick.'

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જવાબ : A buyer has the 'Option to browse' various brands and assortments and subsequently a dealer can't offer to sell just one brand to the purchaser.


On the off chance that any harm is done to a buyer by a broker, under which shopper right one can move to customer court to get pay?

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જવાબ : Option to look for redressal. The buyers can look for redressal against exchange practices of abuse and reserve the option to reasonable settlement of the veritable complaints.


Assume you need to purchase a stuffed container for savoring water your excursion. Which logo will you like to see to make certain about its quality?

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જવાબ : Indian Standard Instrument (ISI) gave by Ministry of Agriculture.


For what reason was the Consumer Protection Act sanctioned by the Indian Parliament?

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જવાબ : The Consumer Protection Act was sanctioned by the Indian parliament in 1986 to shield the shoppers from uncalled for exchange rehearses and hold interest of customers.


Assume your folks need to buy Gold adornments alongside you; then which logo will you search for on the gems?

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જવાબ : Trademark, is the logo to search for while buying Gold gems.


Which logo might you want to see for buying electrical merchandise?

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જવાબ : ISI


Which one of coming up next is the affirmation kept up for standardization of consumable merchandise?

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જવાબ : ISI


Which affirmation is kept up for standardization of electrical products?

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જવાબ : ISI


When is 'Public Consumers Day' celebrated in India?

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જવાબ : Public Consumers Day is commended each year on 24th December.


Trademark is the accreditation kept up for standardization of which sort of items?

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જવાબ : Adornments


Notice two manners by which customer obliviousness can cause their misuse?

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જવાબ : 1.            Consumers may not be cautious in taking a gander at the nature of the items or assurance of the items and administrations. They don't bother about the guarantee card. 2.            They may not bother to purchase quality checked items, (for example, ISI, Agmark). 3.            They may not bother to take the money reminder without which they can't submit questions or get redressal.


What was the primary driver of the ascent of the customer development?

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જવાબ : The purchaser development outgrew buyers' disappointment because of uncalled for exchange practices of merchants.


In which court a buyer should document a case on the off chance that he/she is misused on the lookout?

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જવાબ : Customer Court


A retailer demands that you purchase a guide with your NCERT Textbook. Which right of the purchaser is being abused here?

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જવાબ : Option to pick.


Which cases does the region level court manage?

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જવાબ : The locale level court manages cases including claims upto ₹ 20 lakhs.


How is the most extreme retail cost imprinted on bundles useful for you?

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જવાબ : Most extreme retail value causes us to challenge a dealer/businessperson in the event that we are charged more than the cost imprinted on the bundle.


Compose a short note on Consumers International.

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જવાબ : In 1985, United Nations received the UN Guidelines for Consumer Protection. This empowered the countries everywhere on the world to embrace measures to ensure buyers. It became reason for customer promotion gatherings to press their legislatures to acknowledge their demands for protection of shoppers against deceitful dealers and businesspeople. It established the framework for the customer development. Presently Consumers International is an umbrella assortment of 240 associations from more than 100 nations


What data should we search for while purchasing meds ?

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જવાબ : While purchasing meds we should search for the data as referenced underneath : •             Date of expiry on the grounds that the utilization of prescriptions after its expiry date is unsafe for the soundness of the individual concerned. •             Contents of the prescriptions : The substance of the meds ought to be as endorsed by the specialist. •             MRP : We should be cautious about its cost so the retailer may not charge more than MRP. Rather we ought to haggle to pay not exactly the MRP.


How do huge organizations control the business sectors ?

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જવાબ : The huge organizations with tremendous riches, influence and reach can control the market in different manners. Now and again bogus data is gone on through media, and other sources to draw in customers. For instance an organization for quite a long time sold powder milk for infants everywhere on the world as the most logical item asserting this to be superior to mother's milk. It took long stretches of battle before the organization had to acknowledge that it had been making bogus cases. Essentially, a long fight must be battled with chert cases to make cigarette fabricating organizations acknowledge that their item could cause disease.


On the off chance that you are not intrigued to purchase a brush with toothpaste however businessperson denied to sell toothpaste as it were. For this situation which shopper right is being abused by the merchant

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જવાબ : Option to pick is being disregarded.


Assume your folks need to buy gold jewellary alongside you, then f which logo will you search for on the adornments ?

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જવાબ : Trademark.


Which imprint is utilized for Gas Stove ?

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જવાબ : ISI mark.


On the off chance that any harm is done to a buyer by a merchant, under which customer right one can move to purchaser court to get remuneration ?

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જવાબ : Option to look for redressal.


What is the significance of purchasing items with the logo ISI, Agmark or Hallmark ?

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જવાબ : These logos and accreditation assist buyers with getting guaranteed of value while buying the products and ventures.


Which imprint is utilized for flavors ?

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જવાબ : Agmark.


Name a few items for which it is mandatory with respect to the makers to get affirmed by various associations.

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જવાબ : For certain items that influence the wellbeing and security of buyers or of results of mass utilization like LPG chambers, food tones and added substances, concrete, bundled drinking water, it is mandatory with respect to the makers to get confirmed by various associations.


Under COPRA which three-level semi legal hardware has been arrangement and with what locale ?

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જવાબ : Three-level semi legal executive hardware is as given beneath : 1.            District level – Cases including claims up to ? 20 lakhs. 2.            State level – Cases including claims between ? 20 lakhs and ? 1 crore. 3.            National level – Cases including claims surpassing ?1 crore.


What sort of directions are referenced on drugs ? Notice any one.

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જવાબ : Headings for use or dose.


What is RTI ? When was it passed and what is its item ?

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જવાબ : 1.            RTI is Right to Information Act. 2.            RTI was passed in October, 2005 by the Government of India. 3.            It guarantees residents all the data about the elements of government offices.


What is MRP?

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જવાબ : MRP is greatest retail cost. Truth be told customers can deal with the vender to sell at not exactly the MRP.


On account of weight cooker which security rule ought to be seen by the maker ?

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જવાબ : Weight cookers have a wellbeing valve which, on the off chance that it is faulty, can cause a genuine mishap. The makers of the wellbeing valve need to guarantee high caliber.


Which act was passed in 1986 ?

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જવાબ : Buyer Protection Act 1986, prominently known as COPRA.


Which elements were answerable for the introduction of buyer development in a coordinated structure during the 1960s ?

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જવાબ : The elements answerable for the introduction of shopper development in a coordinated structures were as referenced beneath : •             Rampant food deficiencies. •             Black showcasing. •             Adulteration of food and consumable oil.


In India how the customer development started?

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જવાબ : In India, the shopper development, as a social power, begun with the need of securing and advancing the interests of purchasers against deceptive and uncalled for exchange rehearses.


How do the businesspeople misuse the customers in the business sectors?

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જવાબ : 1.            Less weight. 2.            Defective item. 3.            Duplicate item. 4.            More cost than MRP. 5.            Adulterated items.


"Purchaser development can be compelling just with the shopper's dynamic inclusion". Break down the assertion.

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જવાબ : (I) The purchaser development in India has not gained great ground. There are various purposes for it. For instance, the current laws are not successfully executed, the shopper redressal measure is costly and tedious, and so on

(ii) If such is the circumstance, purchasers will keep on being abused in different manners. It is, therefore, vital that they understand their job and significance. It requires a deliberate exertion and battle including the support of every last one.

(iii) If purchasers are effectively included, organizations won't deceive them by their bogus data. Rather they (organizations) will offer better assistance and items.

(iv) Active investment by customers offers insurance to all engaged with assembling bind from laborers to shoppers.

(v) If any one, as buyer is denied one's privileges, one ought not keep quiet since this will set wrong pattern. Rather than it, one should move to the shopper court to get equity.


How does misuse of shoppers occur on the lookout? Clarify with any five realities.

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જવાબ : The different ways by which individuals might be misused in the market are

(I) Goods sold in the market are now and again not estimated or weighted accurately.

(ii) Sometimes dealers add charges that were not referenced previously.

(iii) Sometimes corrupted/imperfect products are sold.

(iv) Electronic merchandise created locally do not have the necessary inbuilt protections, which may cause mishaps.

(v) Sellers at times misdirect purchasers by giving data about the items, cost, quality, safety, expiry date, and so on

 

(vi) Consumers are often bugged in getting phone ossociations or authorized things.

(vii) Many providers don't give acceptable after-deal administration if there should arise an occurrence of home machines or electronic types of gear. A portion of the variables which cause misuse of shoppers are –

•             Lack of mindfulness among purchasers

•             Limited gracefully of merchandise/products

•             Misleading ads

 

•             Limited rivalry

 

•             Compromising mentality of buyers.


COPRA has empowered the customers to reserve the option to speak to in the purchaser courts. Clarify with the assistance of a model how it benefits the shoppers.

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જવાબ : (I) Under COPRA, a three-level semi legal apparatus at the local, state and public levels was set up for redressal of purchaser questions.

(ii) The area level court manages the cases including claims upto ₹ 20 lakhs, the state level courts between ₹ 20 lakhs and ₹ 1 crore and the public level court manages the cases including claims surpassing ₹ 1 crore.

(iii) If a case is excused in local level court, the buyer can likewise bid in the state and then in public level courts. In this manner, the Act has empowered us as purchasers to reserve the option to speak to in the shopper courts.

(iv) It strengthened the buyer development and furnished the shoppers with the option to look for redressal against unjustifiable exchange practices and misuse. In the event that any harm is done to a shopper, he/she has the privilege to get remuneration relying upon the level of harm.

Illustration: Amita bought a gas oven from a retail source. Simply following a couple of long periods of procurement she understood that the gas oven was blemished. She griped to the vendor and the branch office, with no impact. She then went to the area buyers court and recorded a case there. She herself argued the case in the court. The court judge confirmed the report and then arranged the seller to supplant her old gas oven with a brand new one at no additional expense. Thusly, COPRA benefits purchasers.


How are shoppers misused in the commercial center? Clarify.

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જવાબ : The elements which cause abuse of shoppers in the commercial center are:

•             Limited data. For taking a right choice and decision about an item, a customer needs full data about the value, quality, sturdiness, creation, date of production and expiry, fixings and so on Without full data, a shopper may get abused in a simple manner.

•             Limited rivalry. When there is a restricted rivalry as to creation, i.e., when makers are not many and can control and confine the flexibly of an item, there is plausibility of control of costs.

•             Limited gracefully. At the point when gracefully of a decent is not as much as its demand, the costs may go up and empower the propensity of storing. Thus, the purchaser might be abused.

•             Adulteration. It implies blending or subbing unfortunate materials in the food. It makes a substantial misfortune the buyers both financial and healthwise.

•             Hoarding and dark showcasing. Brokers hold the supply of basic products to make counterfeit shortage on the lookout, with the goal that they can sell the items at greater costs.

•             Under estimation. Dealers as a rule enjoy acts of neglect like giving under estimated products and charge for the real amount.

•             Sub-standard merchandise. For the sake of certified parts or merchandise, unacceptable or mediocre products are sold on the lookout. For instance, copy drugs can be damaging to the strength of an individual. Inadequate electrical things without security measures can be lethal for the client.


"Rules and guidelines are needed for the insurance of purchasers in the commercial center." Justify the assertion with contentions.

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જવાબ : Rules and guidelines are needed for the security of customers in the commercial center because of the accompanying reasons:

•             Sometimes, merchants enjoy unreasonable exchange practices, for example, underweight, under measurement, defilement, storing and so forth

•             Most of the purchasers are unconscious of their privileges and they are often tricked by the providers.

•             Whenever a grumbling with respect to merchandise or administrations is made, the dealer attempts to move all the duty on the purchaser.

•             Sometimes, the merchants make bogus cases about the toughness and nature of their items through notices, appealing mottos and jingles.

•             Sometimes, the venders make fake shortage through accumulating and dark showcasing to sell the products at more exorbitant costs.

•             Sometimes, the venders enjoy debasement of merchandise and give low quality products to accomplish the objectives of profit and development.


'Purchaser mindfulness is basic to keep away from abuse in the commercial center.' Support the assertion.

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જવાબ : Buyer mindfulness is fundamental to stay away from misuse in the commercial center as:

•             Consumers must know about the merchandise and enterprises as well as legitimate measures to secure themselves.

•             If shoppers are effectively included, organizations will likewise be alert to give better products and enterprises.

•             Consumers must know about enemy of social exercises like accumulating, dark showcasing and so on

•             It makes customer a levelheaded purchaser knowing about how market functions.

•             It empowers shopper to know about government strategies for accreditation stamps such ISI, Agmark that guarantee item quality for buyers.

•             It empowers purchaser to utilize Right to Information Act (RTI) to get data on working of government divisions.


Clarify with model the effect of the Right to Information Act.

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જવાબ : In October 2005, the Government of India sanctioned a law known as Right to Information Act (RTI), which guarantees its residents all the data about the elements of government divisions.

For instance, Shalini filled the affirmation type of nursery class for her child Kunal in XYZ School close to her habitation. Yet, her child was not given confirmation in that school. Shalini needed to know the specific explanation behind refusal of confirmation however the school didn't respond on this. She, therefore, documented an application utilizing the RTI Act saying that it was her entitlement to know the explanation of disavowal of affirmation. After examination, she came to realize that reason given by the school was not veritable. At last, school was requested to offer admission to her child. This case shows the positive effect of RTI.

RTI manufactures pressure in government officials to convey brings about a period bound edge. It acquires straightforwardness and helps diminishing defilement.


"Why are rules and guidelines needed for the security of the shoppers in the commercial center?" Explain.

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જવાબ : Rules and guidelines are needed for the security of shoppers in the commercial center because of the accompanying reasons:

Some of the time, brokers enjoy out of line exchange practices, for example, underweight, under measurement, debasement, storing and so on

The greater part of the shoppers are uninformed of their privileges and they are often misled by the providers.

At whatever point a grumbling with respect to products or administrations is made, the vender attempts to move all the obligation on the purchaser.

Here and there, the merchants make bogus cases about the solidness and nature of their items through ads, infectious mottos and jingles.

Once in a while, the merchants make counterfeit shortage through storing and dark advertising to sell the merchandise at greater costs.

Once in a while, the merchants enjoy contaminated of products and give low quality merchandise to accomplish the objectives of profit and development.


How does the Government of India secure the interests of customers? Clarify with five models.

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જવાબ : The Government of India can ensure the interests of the purchasers from multiple points of view. Some of them are:

•             It ought to plan rules and guidelines to secure and shield the interest of buyers.

•             It should upheld these guidelines and guidelines consistently, with the goal that makers ought to keep up a specific least degree of value.

•             A three level semi legal hardware has been set up at local, state and public level for redressal of shopper questions.

•             It has likewise passed the Consumer Protection Act, 1986 to shield the interest of customers which gives different rights and duties to shoppers.

•             Posters are routinely publicized in the papers under the name Jago Grahak Jago through which the administration spreads data. on the off chance that) Consumer Protection Councils are likewise working for the government assistance and security of shopper rights. They compose articles and hold shows to bestow information about purchaser rights and buyer issues.


Why would that be an extraordinary requirement for buyer mindfulness? Clarify any five reasons.

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જવાબ : Shopper mindfulness is basic to maintain a strategic distance from abuse in the commercial center as:

•             Consumers must know about the products and enterprises as well as legitimate measures to secure themselves.

•             If customers are effectively included, organizations will likewise be wary to give better merchandise and ventures.

•             Consumers must know about enemy of social exercises like storing, dark showcasing and so forth

•             It makes buyer a normal shopper knowing about how market functions.

•             It empowers buyer to know about government strategies for accreditation stamps such ISI, Agmark that guarantee item quality for shoppers.

•             It empowers purchaser to utilize Right to Information Act (RTI) to get data on working of government offices


'Shopper development can be successful just with dynamic contribution of customers.' Support the assertion with five contentions.

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જવાબ : The customer development can be successful just with the shoppers' dynamic contribution. This assertion can be broke down giving after contentions.

•             The purchasers ought to know about their privileges and obligations.

•             The customers ought to be cautious in the market against any exploitative practice.

•             The customers should hold up protests against abuse.

•             If shoppers are effectively included, then makers and organizations will likewise be wary and offer better administrations.

•             The shoppers should buy just standardized items.

•             The purchasers should know the legitimate technique, i.e., how to get their cases gotten comfortable buyer courts.

•             The buyers ought to be very much educated and profit the cures accessible to them against fakes or any deceitful exchange practice.


Why are rules and guidelines needed for the assurance of customers in the commercial center? Clarify with models.

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જવાબ : Rules and guidelines are needed for the assurance of customers in the commercial center because of the accompanying reasons:

•             Sometimes, merchants enjoy unreasonable exchange practices, for example, underweight, under measurement, corruption, storing and so on

•             Most of the purchasers are uninformed of their privileges and they are often misled by the providers.

•             Whenever a grumbling with respect to merchandise or administrations is made, the dealer attempts to move all the duty on the purchaser.

•             Sometimes, the venders make bogus cases about the toughness and nature of their items through ads, snappy mottos and jingles.

•             Sometimes, the venders make fake shortage through storing and dark showcasing to sell the products at greater costs.

•             Sometimes, the venders enjoy corruption of products and give low quality merchandise to accomplish the objectives of profit and development.


"There is an extraordinary requirement for obtaining information and expertise to turn into an all around educated shopper." Support the assertion.

 

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જવાબ : The facts confirm that to be a cognizant, all around educated and cautious shopper, there is an extraordinary need of obtaining information and ability. A buyer must realize how to manage the businessperson while going to purchase wares. He should check the costs of the wares composed on the items, check the assembling date of the items with the goal that the dealer can't swindle him by giving obsolete wares. He should realize how to move toward the buyer discussion for tending to his complaints against the businessperson, in the event that he has been cheated or if any out of line practice have been made by the retailer.


How is purchaser redressal measure getting bulky costly and time, burning-through? Clarify.

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જવાબ : Purchaser redressal measure is getting unwieldy, costly and tedious on the grounds that:

•             Many multiple times, purchasers are needed to draw in an attorney, which turns into a costly issue.

•             The cases require time for recording and going to court procedures which may not be workable for everybody.

•             In most cases, the money reminders are not given by the makers dr merchants to the customers. All things considered, legitimate proof isn't anything but difficult to gather and create in the court.

 

•             The existing laws on the issue of pay are not clear and explicit.


Clarify three components which offered ascend to purchaser development in India.

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જવાબ : The variables that brought forth Consumer Movement in India are:

•             There was disappointment among the customers with respect to unjustifiable exchange rehearses I being reveled by the makers and venders.

•             There was no general set of laws accessible for the insurance of shoppers from misuse in the commercial center.

•             Rampart food deficiencies, accumulating, dark showcasing and contaminated of food and eatable oil represented a danger to the customers.

•             The customers were uninformed about their privileges. In this way, to teach and make them mindful, purchaser development started.


How are customers misused in the commercial center? Clarify with three models.

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જવાબ : The elements which cause abuse of shoppers in the commercial center are:

•             Limited data. For taking a right choice and decision about an item, a buyer needs full data about the value, quality, sturdiness, creation, date of assembling and expiry, fixings and so on Without full data, a purchaser may get abused in a simple manner.

•             Limited rivalry. When there is a restricted rivalry concerning creation, i.e., when makers are not many and can control and limit the gracefully of an item, there is plausibility of control of costs.

•             Limited flexibly. At the point when gracefully of a decent is not as much as its demand, the costs may go up and empower the propensity of accumulating. Accordingly, the customer might be misused.

•             Adulteration. It implies blending or subbing bothersome materials in the food. It makes a hefty misfortune the purchasers both financial and healthwise.

•             Hoarding and dark showcasing. Dealers hold the supply of basic products to make fake shortage on the lookout, so they can sell the commodities at greater costs.

•             Under estimation. Dealers typically enjoy misbehaviors like giving under measured products and charge for the genuine amount.

•             Sub-standard products. For the sake of certifiable parts or merchandise, unacceptable or substandard products are sold on the lookout. For instance, copy meds can be harmful to the strength of an individual. Blemished electrical things without wellbeing measures can be deadly for the client.


Clarify the function of three level semi legal set up for redressal of shopper debates in India.

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જવાબ : A three-level semi legal apparatus at the local, state and public level, was set up under COPRA, for redressal of shopper debates in India.

•             At the local level, purchaser courts manage cases including claims up to 20 lakhs.

•             At the state level, buyer courts deal with cases including claims between 20 lakhs and 1 crore.

•             At the public level, buyer courts manage cases including claims surpassing 1 crore. In the event that the case is excused at the area level, then the buyer can offer at the state and then at the public level, whenever required.


Clarify any four manners by which customers are misused on the lookout.

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જવાબ : The elements which cause abuse of customers in the commercial center are:

•             Limited data. For taking a right choice and decision about an item, a shopper needs full data about the value, quality, toughness, structure, date of production and expiry, fixings and so on Without full data, a purchaser may get misused in a simple manner.

•             Limited rivalry. When there is a restricted rivalry as to creation, i.e., when makers are not many and can control and confine the flexibly of an item, there is plausibility of control of costs.

•             Limited gracefully. At the point when gracefully of a decent is not as much as its demand, the costs may go up and empower the propensity of storing. Accordingly, the customer might be abused.

•             Adulteration. It implies blending or subbing bothersome materials in the food. It makes a hefty misfortune the shoppers both financial and healthwise.

•             Hoarding and dark showcasing. Brokers hold the supply of fundamental products to make fake shortage on the lookout, with the goal that they can sell the commodities at more exorbitant costs.

•             Under estimation. Dealers for the most part enjoy acts of neglect like giving under measured products and charge for the real amount.

•             Sub-standard merchandise. For the sake of veritable parts or merchandise, unsatisfactory or mediocre products are sold on the lookout. For instance, copy meds can be harmful to the wellbeing of an individual. Deficient electrical things without wellbeing measures can be deadly for the client.


How does right to security help buyers? Clarify with a model.

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જવાબ : Right to security implies that we as buyers reserve the privilege to be ensured against the promoting of merchandise and conveyance of administrations that are perilous to life and property. Makers and producers ought to stick to wellbeing standards while fabricating products. There are numerous merchandise and ventures, that we buy require exceptional thoughtfulness regarding security.

 

For instance, pressure cookers have a security valve, which if flawed can cause a genuine mishap. The producers ought to guarantee exclusive requirements and the customers should peruse all the directions given on the case of the weight cooker


How does 'Option to be Informed' help shoppers? Clarify with a model.

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જવાબ : As indicated by this right, every buyer has the option to be educated about the points of interest of products and ventures that they buy. It is mandatory for the makers to give total data with respect to their fixings, date of production, expiry date and so on to the shoppers.

The subtleties given on the parcel help the purchasers from numerous points of view. Some of them are:

•             If a shopper purchases an item and thinks that its imperfect inside the expiry time frame, he can request its substitution.

•             It somebody sells the great at more than the printed cost on the bundle, then a buyer can dissent and request a clarification.

•             On meds, headings for legitimate use, alerts and data identifying with results and dangers related with use are printed so the purchasers can play it safe likewise.


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1

BEE Star marking can be seen in

A

Woolen Items

2

Wool mark can be seen in

B

Products with silk in it

3

Silk mark can be seen in

C

Electronic Applainces

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જવાબ :

1-C, 2-A, 3-B

1

BEE

A

Agricultural Mark

2

FSSAI

B

Bureau of Electrical Efficiency

3

AGMARK

C

The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India

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જવાબ :

1-B, 2-C, 3-A

1

a buyer can guarantee pay for the harm brought about by any item

A

2006

2

to be protected against the marketing of goods and services

B

Right to Seek Redersal

3

Trade Marks Act started in

C

Right to Safety

4

FSSAI mark started in

D

1999

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જવાબ :

1-B, 2-C, 3-D, 4-A

1

ISI mark can be seen in

A

Food Items

2

BIS mark can be seen in

B

Paper

3

ECO mark can be seen in

C

Gold Jewellery

4

FPO mark can be seen in

D

Pressure Cooker

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જવાબ :

1-D, 2-C, 3-B, 4-A

1

ISI is for

A

the least impact on the ecosystem

2

BIS is for

B

a fruit processing industry

3

ECO is for

C

gold jewellery

4

FPO is for

D

standards-compliance mark for industrial products

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જવાબ :

1-D, 2-C, 3-A, 4-B

1

BIS System Set up

A

1991

2

ISI Set up

B

2000

3

ECO Mark Set up

C

1955

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જવાબ :

1-B, 2-C, 3-A

1

ISO accreditation set up

A

1947

2

Hallmark  set up

B

1937

3

Agmark Set Up

C

1971

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જવાબ :

1-A, 2-C, 3-B

1

The association which helps direct the purchasers on the best way to document cases in the customer courts are prevalently called

A

ISO

2

The association which helps direct the purchasers on the best way to document cases in the customer courts are not called

B

shopper gatherings

3

imprint would it be a good idea for you to search for while purchasing nectar

C

shopper cells

4

imprint would it not be a good idea for you to search for while purchasing nectar

D

Agmark

 

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જવાબ :

1-B, 2-C, 3-D, 4-A

1

The offices which investigate the grievances of the purchasers are prominently called

A

a purchaser can approach, having a case of Rs. 40 lakhs

2

The offices which investigate the grievances of the purchasers are not called

B

purchaser courts

3

State Consumer Court

C

a purchaser cannot approach, having a case of Rs. 40 lakhs

4

National Consumer Court

D

purchaser consumer

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જવાબ :

1-B, 2-D, 3-A, 4-C

1

ISI

A

International Organization for Standardization

2

ISO

B

World Customs Organization

3

WCO

C

Indian Standards Institution

4

AGMARK

D

Agriculture Mark

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જવાબ :

1-C, 2-A, 3-B, 4-D

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Consumer Rights

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