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CBSE Solutions for Class 10 English

GSEB std 10 science solution for Gujarati check Subject Chapters Wise::

Which level of Government in India has the power to legislate on the 'residuary' subjects?

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જવાબ : The Union Government has the power to legislate on the residuary subjects.


Whose laws prevail if there is conflict between the State Government and Central Government on the subjects of the Concurrent List?

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જવાબ : The laws made by the Union Government.


What are the basic objectives of a federal system?

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જવાબ : To safeguard and promote unity of the country and to accommodate regional diversity.


In case of any dispute about the division of powers who can make a decision?

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જવાબ : The High Court and the Supreme Court can make a decision.


Which groups of countries are an example of holding together federation?

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જવાબ : India, Spain and Belgium.


Which subjects are included in the State list?
 

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જવાબ : Agriculture, police, public health, land.


Which subjects falls under the concurrent list?

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જવાબ : Marriage, education, forest, trade unions, adoption and succession.


Give an example of a country which is an example of coming together federation.

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જવાબ : The USA is an example of coming together federation.


The subject of Computer Software comes under which list?

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જવાબ : Residuary List.
 


Which type of government has two or more levels?

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જવાબ : Federal Government.


Highlight any three steps taken by India towards making it a federation.

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જવાબ : • Reorganization of states on linguistic basis.
• Centre state relations.
• Decentralisation or any other relevant point.


Explain the factors that make federal government in India so attractive.

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જવાબ : • Mobilization.
• Administrative knowledge of the people at all the levels.
• Efficacy to solve all kinds of issues at respective levels.


“India has a large cultural, regional and religious diversity but there is unity among people”. What factors are responsible for this? Elaborate.

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જવાબ : Factors which are responsible for this are-

• Right to equality.
• No discrimination on the basis of caste, creed region or religion.
• SCs & STs have some seats reserved and do get representation.
• Right to freedom of religion and cultural and educational rights.


What other factors besides politics keep the federations united? (CBSE 2015)

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જવાબ : Apart from politics, there are other factors which help in keeping the federations united. Few of them are culture, ideology and history. Culture of trust, cooperation, mutual respect and restraint has also facilitated in the even functioning of nations. Apart from these, language also plays a very crucial role in keeping federation united especially if a language policy like that of India is adopted


What are the dual objectives of a federal government?

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જવાબ : The federal system of government has dual objectives. They are as follows:

  • To safeguard and promote the unity of the country.
  • To accommodate regional diversity.


Give a hierarchical representation of the rural or local self-government in India.

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જવાબ : hierarchical representation of the rural or local self-government in India


What do you mean by decentralization? What was the condition before the 1992 constitutional amendment?

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જવાબ : When a certain set of powers are taken away from the central and state governments and are provided to the local government then this process of giving and take is known as decentralization. Before the constitutional amendment of 1992 provisions for conducting regular timely elections were not present. Also, the local bodies did not possess any individual powers and were dependent on state and central government for complete aid.


State two reasons which enable us to call India a federal nation.

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જવાબ : India is a federal nation and we can call it so because of the following reasons:

  • Firstly, the Indian constitution had provided for a two-tier system of the government which was later upgraded to three tiers after addition of panchayats and municipalities.
  • Secondly, the constitution has also divided the powers almost uniformly and distributed it in the form of three lists the union, the state and the concurrent list.


What do you mean by a coalition government?

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જવાબ : When none of the leading political parties can secure their ruling position alone then two or more than two parties come together to form a political alliance which can be termed as a coalition. For example, our current government led by BJP is also a coalition of the head party along with 45 other parties.


Describe the three-fold distribution of legislative power.

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જવાબ : The three-fold distribution of legislative power between the union government and the state government as provided by the constitution contains three lists mentioned as follows: Union list: This list has a power related to subjects of national importance like that of finance, defence etc. and the power of decision-related to this subjects lies with the central government only as a unified policy system is required for all these subjects. State list: This list provides powers related to subjects that are of local importance like agriculture, trade commerce etc. and these powers lies with the state government. Concurrent list: This list provides powers related to subjects like marriage, forests etc. and decisions related to these subjects can be taken by both central and state government.


What is the three different types of federalism practised in India?

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જવાબ : Originally our constitution provided only a two-tier system which consisted of the Central or Union government and state governments. However, later a third tier was added consisting of the municipalities and the panchayats. All these three tires enjoy separate jurisdiction and a clear distribution of power.


What happens in a holding together and a joining together federation?

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જવાબ : In case of a coming together federation, all constituent states customarily have equal power and are strong concerning the federal government. In a joining together federation the central government inclines to be more powerful concerning the states i.e. often different constituent units of the federation have unequal powers and some units are granted special powers.


What are the two kinds of roots through which federation are formed?

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જવાબ : There are mainly two kinds of roots through which federations are formed. They are as follows:

  • The first root encompasses of autonomous states coming together on their own to form a larger unit so that by heaving sovereignty and recollecting identity they can upsurge their security. This kind of coming together federation is seen in countries like the USA, Switzerland and Australia.
  • The second route is where a country chooses to distribute its power between the constituent states and the national government. India, Spain, Belgium are a few examples of this type of federation.


What is federalism and what are the two levels of government under it?

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જવાબ : Federalism can be defined as an arrangement of government in which the power is distributed between the central authority and various constituent units of the country. It has usually two levels of government both of which enjoy individual power. The two governments are:

  • Firstly, the administration for the entire country that is responsible for a few subjects of common national interest.
  • The next is the government at the level of province or state that is responsible for the daily administration of the state matters.


Which country’s constitution’s key feature was to reduce the power of the central government and give powers to the regional government?

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જવાબ : Belgium


Belgium shifted from a unitary to a _______ form of government after changes of 1993.

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જવાબ : Federal


Name one country which has a unitary form of government.

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જવાબ : Sri Lanka


________ is a system of government where power is divided between a central authority and various constituent units of the country.

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જવાબ : Federalism


_______ out of 193 countries in the world have federal political systems.

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જવાબ : 25


Under ______ system either there is only one level of government or the subunits are subordinated to the central government.

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જવાબ : Unitary


Different tiers of government govern the same citizens, but each tier has its jurisdiction in specific matters of _______, _________ and _______.

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જવાબ : Legislation, administration, taxation


An ideal federal system has both aspects of ______ and ________.

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જવાબ : Mutual trust, agreement to live together


What are the two different types of a federation?

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જવાબ : Coming together and Holding together federations


________ is the area over which someone has legal authority.

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જવાબ : Jurisdiction


Name any three subjects of national importance which are included in the union list.

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જવાબ : Defence, Foreign Affairs, Banking


Name three subjects of local importance and are included in the state list.

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જવાબ : Commerce, Agriculture, Irrigation


Powers of subjects like computer software which came up after the constitution was made reside with the union government subjects known as ________.

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જવાબ : Residuary subjects


Name any states of India which enjoy special powers because of their particular social and historical circumstances.

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જવાબ : Assam, Nagaland, Arunachal Pradesh


Which article provides special powers to states like Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland etc. because of their particular social and historical circumstances.

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જવાબ : Article 371


Name two union territories of India.

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જવાબ : Chandigarh, Lakshadweep


_______ plays an important role in overseeing the implementation of constitutional provisions and procedures.

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જવાબ : Judiciary


__________ in Rajasthan is the place where India conducted its nuclear tests.

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જવાબ : Pokhran


Name two states which were created based on culture, ethnicity, or geography and not on a linguistic basis.

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જવાબ : Nagaland, Jharkhand


Besides Hindi, there are _______ languages recognized as scheduled languages by our constitution.

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જવાબ : 21


Name the language which is spoken the most after Hindi.

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જવાબ : Bengali


All the panchayat samities and mandals in a district together constitute the ________.

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જવાબ : Zilla Parishad


The municipal chairperson is the head of the ________. While in a municipal corporation such an officer is known as ________.

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જવાબ : Municipality, Mayor


Who administers a district and what is the other name he is known as?

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જવાબ : Collector, District magistrate


 

Which state of India has its constitution?

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જવાબ : Jammu Kashmir


After Independence and several princely states becoming a part of the country, the constitution declared India as a _______.

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જવાબ : Union of states


What were the reasons behind the creation of linguistic states? What are their advantages? (Imp)
OR
Explain how the federal experiment has been successful in the matter of formation of states in India.

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જવાબ : (i) In 1947, the boundaries of several old states of India were changed in order to create new states. This was done to ensure that people who spoke the same language lived in the same state.

(ii) Some states like Nagaland, Uttarakhand and Jharkhand were created to recognise differences based on culture, ethnicity or geography.

In the beginning, the Central government was not in the favour of linguistic states. But the experience has shown that the formation of linguistic states has actually made the country more united, and stronger. It has also made administration easier.


Give a brief description of local government bodies that exist for urban areas.

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જવાબ : (i) The local urban bodies have been created for the towns and big cities. The towns or small cities have municipalities. Big cities are constituted into municipal corporations. Both municipalities and municipal corporations are controlled by elected bodies consisting of people’s representatives.

(ii) The political head of the municipality is the municipal chairperson. In a municipal corporation such an officer is called the Mayor.

(iii) The local urban bodies solve the problems of their area relating to water supply, health, drainage, waste management, cleanliness, lighting, etc.


What is Gram Sabha? Mention its important functions.

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જવાબ : Gram Sabha is one of the three main bodies of the panchayat system. It consists of all adult men and women in a village. Its functions are-

  • The panchayat works under the overall supervision of the gram sabha.
  • It has to meet at least twice or thrice in a year to approve the annual budget of the gram panchayat and to review the performance of the gram panchayat.
  • If not satisfied with the work of the panchayat, it has the power to remove its members by a vote of no-confidence.


What do you know about Zilla Parishad and its composition? Also mention its functions.

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જવાબ : Zilla Parishad is the highest institution of the panchayati raj system.
Composition: All the panchayat samities or mandals in a district together constitute the zilla parishad. Most members of the zilla parishad are elected. Members of the Lok Sabha and MLAs of that district and some other officials of other district level bodies are also its members. Zilla Parishad chairperson is the political head of the zilla parishad.

Functions:
Zilla Parishad extends support to gram panchayats and block samitis. It also gives advice to these bodies whenever required. It supervises the community development programmes of the district.


Give three reasons that highlight the need for power sharing within the states of India. (Imp)

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જવાબ :

  • India is a vast country and cannot be run only through the two-tiers (the Union Government, rep-resenting the entire country and the state governments).
  • States in India are as large as independent countries of Europe. Many of these states are internally very diverse.
  • Federal power sharing in India needs another tier of government, below that of the State governments, in order to solve the grassroot problems more efficiently and quickly.


Describe in brief the panchayati raj system. (Imp)

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જવાબ : Rural local government is popularly known by the name Panchayati raj. The panchayati raj is a three there system. In other words, we can say that panchayati raj system works at three levels

(i) Gram Panchayat at village level: This is a council consisting of several ward members, often called panch, and a president or sarpanch. They are directly elected by all the adult population living in that ward or village. It is the decision-making body for the entire village. The panchayat works under the overall supervision of the gram sabha.

(ii) Block Samiti at block level: A few gram panchayats are grouped together to form what is usually called a panchayat samiti or mandal or block. The members of this representative body are elected by all the panchayat members in that area.

(iii) Zilla Parishad at district level: Zilla Parishad is the body at highest level of the panchayati raj system. All the panchayat samitis or mandals in a district together constitute the zilla (district) parishad.


What is the rationale for decentralization of power? Explain the structure of Rural local government in India.

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જવાબ : The basic idea behind decentralization:
• Large number of problems and issues are best settled at the local level because people have better knowledge of their local problems.
• It helps in promoting direct participation.

Structure of Rural Local Government:
• Zila Parishad: All the mandals in a district together constitute the Zila Parishad. Most of the members are elected and headed by a chairperson.
• Panchayat Samiti or Mandal or Block: The members of this body are elected by the entire panchayat members in that area. A few Gram Panchayats are grouped together to form this government body.
• Gram Panchayat: A council consisting of several ward members often called Panch. The president is called sarpanch. It is the decision-making body for the entire village.


 Is it right to say that India is federal country but the word federalism is not used anywhere in the constitution? Explain.

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જવાબ : • India had emerged as an independent nation after a painful and bloody partition.
• Soon after independence several princely states become a part of the country.
• The constitution declared India as a Union of States.
• Although it did not use the word federation, the Indian Union is based on the principles of federalism.
• India is fulfilling all the requirements which are required for a federal country.


Explain five changes towards decentralization brought in the Constitution after the Amendments made in 1992.

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જવાબ : • Decentralization: When power is taken from central and state governments and is given to local government, it is called decentralization. The Constitution was amended in 1992 to make the third tier of democracy more powerful and effective.

• Provisions of the Constitutional Amendment of 1992 are:

(i) Now it is mandatory to hold regular elections to local government bodies.
(ii) Seats are reserved in the elected bodies and the executive heads of these institutions for SCs, STs and OBCs.
(iii) At least one-third of all positions are reserved for women.
(iv) An independent institution called State Election Commission has been created in each state to conduct panchayat and municipal elections.
(v) The state governments are required to share some powers and revenue with local government bodies.


How is federal power sharing more effective today than in the early years? Explain. (2017 OD)

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જવાબ :

  1. Federal power sharing is more effective because of the nature of democratic politics in India. It has ensured that the spirit of federalism, respect for diversity and desire for living together have become a shared ideal in our country.
  2. Federal power sharing has helped to inculcate a habit of democratic participation. Federal power sharing is the best way to realise one important principle of democracy, namely local self-government. Constitutional status for local government has helped to deepen democracy.
    • It has increased women’s representation and voice in democracy.
    • Federal power sharing has led to formation of linguistic states which has actually made the country more united. It has also made administration easier.
    • It reduces the power of the Central government and gives power to regional governments.


Explain the structure of the new Panchayati Raj institutions, both in rural and urban areas.

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જવાબ : Rural Local Government is known by the name of Panachayati Raj/ Democratic decentralization.

  • Each village or group of villages has a Gram Panchayat.
  • Panch, President or Sarpanch are directly elected by all the adult population of the village and is the decision-making body.
  • The Panchayat works under the supervision of Gram Sabha, with all the voters as its members.
  • The local structure goes up to the district level—a group of Gram Panchayats form a Panchayat Samiti or Block or Mandal.
  • All the Panchayat Samitis or Mandals together constitute the Zilla Parishad which consists of elected members.
  • Lok Sabha members, Local MLAs and officers are also members of the Zilla Parishad.
  • Its Chairperson is the political head of the Parishad.
Urban areas local bodies.

  • Municipalities are set up in towns.
  • Big cities are constituted into Municipal Corporations.
  • Both are controlled by elected bodies consisting of people’s representatives.
  • Municipal chairperson is the political head of the Municipality.
    The head of Municipal Corporation is an officer called the Mayor.


What were the major steps taken to make decentralisation more effective?

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જવાબ : Major steps towards decentralisation taken in 1992 are:

  1. Now it is constitutionally mandatory to hold regular elections to Local Government bodies.
  2. Seats are reserved in elected bodies for scheduled castes, scheduled tribes and other backward classes (OBCs).
  3. Atleast one-third of all positions are reserved for women.
  4. The State Election Commission was created to conduct Panchayat and Municipal elections.
  5. The State Governments are required to share some powers and revenue with Local Government bodies.


Describe in brief the language policy of India?

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જવાબ :

  1. Our Constitution did not give the status of national language to any one language.
  2. The formation of linguistic states united the country and made administration easier.
  3. The leaders of our country adopted a very cautious attitude in spreading the use of Hindi. Hindi was identified as official language.
  4. The banning of use of English for official purposes in 1965 took a violent form in Tamil Nadu. The Central Government responded by agreeing to continue the use of English along with Hindi for official purposes.
  5. Promotion of Hindi is an official policy of the Government of India but it does not impose Hindi on states where people speak a different language.
  6. Besides Hindi, there are 21 other languages recognised as scheduled languages by the Constitution.
  7. This flexibility shown by Indian leaders helped our country avoid the situation that Sri Lanka finds itself in.


Describe the three forms of power sharing among different organs of government in India. (2014)

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જવાબ : The Constitution declared India as a Union of States based on the principles of federalism. The Constitution originally provided for a two-tier system of government, the Union or the Central Government representing Union of India and the State Governments. Later, a third tier was added in the form of Panchayats and Municipalities.

As in any federation, these different tiers enjoyed separate jurisdiction. The Constitution provided a three-fold distribution of legislative powers:

  1. Union List includes subjects of national importance, i.e., defence of the country, foreign affairs, banking, communications and currency.
  2. State List contains subjects of state and local importance, i.e., police, trade, commerce, agriculture and irrigation.
  3. Concurrent List includes subjects of common interest to both the Union Government as well as the State Governments, i.e., education, forests, trade unions, marriages, adoption and succession.
    In case of dispute, law made by the Union Government shall prevail.
  4. Residuary—Subjects which do not fall in any of the three lists, i.e., computer software, etc. Union Government has the power to legislate such subjects.
    • As India is an example of ‘holding together’ federation, all states in the Indian Union do not have identical powers. Some states enjoy special status such as Jammu & Kashmir. There are some states too small to become independent like the Union Territories of Chandigarh and Lakshadweep.
    • This sharing of power between the Union Government and State Governments is basic to the structure of the Constitution. Any change to it, has to be passed by both the Houses of the Parliament with at least two-third majority.
    • The judiciary plays an important role in the implementation of constitutional procedures. In case of any dispute about division of powers, the High Courts and the Supreme Court make a decision.


Explain any five features of federalism. (2015)

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જવાબ : Features of federalism:

  1. There are two or more levels of government.
  2. Different levels of government govern the same citizens, where each level has its own jurisdiction in specific matters of legislation, taxation and administration.
  3. Existence and authority of each level of government is constitutionally governed.
  4. The fundamental provisions of the Constitution cannot be unilaterally changed. Such changes require the consent of both the levels of government.
  5. Courts have the power to interpret the Constitution and powers of the different levels of government. The highest court acts as the umpire if any dispute arises between different levels of governments.
  6. Sources of revenue for each level of government are specified to ensure its financial autonomy.
  7. Federal system has dual objectives. To safeguard and promote unity of the country, and to accommodate regional diversity.


Why has federalism succeeded in India? Which are the policies adopted by India that have ensured it? Explain. (2013, 2012)

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જવાબ : Reasons for success of federalism in India are:

  1. Clearly laid out Constitutional Provisions providing a three-fold distribution of powers in the three lists—Union List, State List and Concurrent List—between the Union Government and State Governments.
  2. The nature of democratic politics in our country which ensures that the spirit of federalism, respect for diversity and desire for living together became a shared ideal.
  3. The creation of linguistic states. Boundaries of several old states of India were changed in order to create new states. This was done to ensure that people who spoke the same language lived in the same state. Later some states were created to recognise differences based on culture, ethnicity or geography.
    For example: Nagaland, Uttrakhand, Jharkhand, Telangana, etc.
  4. Restricting Centre-State relations. The constitutional arrangements for sharing power work depending on how the ruling parties and leaders follow these arrangements. For a long time, the same party ruled both at the Centre and in most of states. Post-1990 saw the rise of regional parties. Since no single party got a clear majority in the Lok Sabha, the national parties had to enter into an alliance which led to a new culture of power sharing and respect for autonomy of State Governments.


Which five provisions of the constitutional amendment of 1992 really strengthened the third tier of democracy in India? Explain. (2015, 2013, 2012)

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જવાબ : Major steps towards decentralisation and strengthening of third tier taken in 1992 were:

  1. Now it is constitutionally mandatory to hold regular elections to Local Government bodies.
  2. Seats are reserved in elected bodies for scheduled castes, scheduled tribes and other backward classes (OBCs).
  3. Atleast one-third of all positions and seats are reserved for women.
  4. An independent institution called the State Election Commission was created to conduct Panchayat and Municipal elections.
  5. The State Governments are required to share some powers and revenue with Local Government bodies.


State two agreements through which federations have been formed. Give an example of each.

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જવાબ : (i) ‘Coming together’ federations—This agreement induces independent states coming together on their own to form a bigger unit, so that by pooling sovereignty and retaining identity they can increase their security.
Examples are: USA, Switzerland and Australia. All the constituent states have equal power and are strong vis-a-vis the federal government.

(ii) ‘Holding together’ federations — In this agreement, a large country decides to divide its power between the constituent States and the national government. The Central Governments tend to be more powerful vis-a-vis the states. Often different constituent units of the federation have unequal powers. Some units are granted special powers, for example, India granted special powers to Jammu & Kashmir.
Other examples are Spain and Belgium.


India comes under which type of federation and why? (2014)

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જવાબ : India comes under ‘a holding together’ type federation. In this type of federation, a large country divides its power between the constituent States and the National government. There is one government for the entire country and the others are governments at the State level. Both Central and State Governments enjoy their power independent of the other.

The Central government tends to be more powerful vis-a-vis the states. Often different constituent units of the federation have unequal powers. For example, special powers have been granted to Jammu & Kashmir.


Why is decentralisation favoured in democracy? Identify any two reasons. (2014)

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જવાબ : Five advantages of decentralisation of power:

  1. When power is taken away from Central and State Governments and given to local governments, it is called decentralisation. The basic idea behind decentralisation is that there are a large number of problems and issues which are best settled at the local level. People have better knowledge of problems in their localities.
  2. They also have better ideas on where to spend money and how to manage things more efficiently.
  3. Besides, at the local level, it is possible for the people to directly participate in decision making. This helps to inculcate a habit of democratic participation.
  4. Local government is the best way to realise one important principle of democracy, namely local self¬government.
  5. The need for decentralisation was recognised in our Constitution. A major step towards decentralisation was taken in 1992. The Constitution was amended to make the third tier of democracy more powerful and effective.


There are No Content Availble For this Chapter

1

governments has two or more levels

A

Japan

2

governments has one level

B

India

3

country has not adopted the holding together federation

C

Unitary Government

4

country has adopted the holding together federation

D

Federal Government

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જવાબ :

1-D, 2-C, 3-A, 4-B

1

the head of the state at the state level

A

Egypt

2

the highest-ranking official in a municipal government

B

Australia

3

federal form of government

C

Mayor

4

Non- federal form of government

D

Chief Minister

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જવાબ :

1-D, 2-C, 3-B, 4-A

1

sarpanch

A

Concurrent List

2

not a subject of the Union List

B

Head of Village

3

a subject of the Union List

C

Law And Order

4

Both the union and the state government can make laws on the subjects

D

Banking

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જવાબ :

1-B, 2-C, 3-D, 4-A

1

best example of ‘coming together’ federation

A

Local self-government

2

bad example of ‘coming together’ federation

B

USA

3

the third tier of government called

C

India

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જવાબ :

1-B, 2-C, 3-A

1

isn’t the part of 3 tier system of Panchayat Raj

A

Zila Parishad

2

the part of 3 tier system of Panchayat Raj

B

Collector

3

administers the whole district in India

C

Muncipalities

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જવાબ :

1-C, 2-A, 3-B

1

Panchayati Raj involves

A

USA

2

Panchayati Raj doesn’t involves

B

The village, Block and District Levels

3

an example of ‘coming together federation’

C

India

4

Not an example of ‘coming together federation’

D

The village, Block and District Levels

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જવાબ :

1-B, 2-D, 3-A, 4-C

1

an example of holding together federation

A

Defence

2

Not an example of holding together federation

B

India

3

falls under the Concurrent list

C

USA

4

Doesn’t falls under the Concurrent list

D

Marriage

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જવાબ :

1-B, 2-C, 3-D, 4-A

1

In local self-government institutions at least 1/3 of all positions are reserved for

A

Women

2

Rural local government is popularly called as:

B

Different tiers of government govern the same citizens

3

a feature of federalism

C

Panchayati Raj

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જવાબ :

1-A, 2-C, 3-B

1

not a feature of federalism

A

22

2

a feature of federalism

B

The centre government can order the state government

3

other lanugages are recognised as Scheduled Languages by the constitution

C

Two or more levels of government

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જવાબ :

1-B, 2-C, 3-A

1

subject doesn’t  included in the state list

A

 Agriculture

 

2

subject included in the state list

B

Defence

3

subjects Union List includes

C

National Defence

4

subjects Union List doesn’t  includes

D

Police

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જવાબ :

1-C, 2-A, 3-B, 4-D

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Federalism

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આ પ્રકરણને લગતા વિવિધ એનિમેશન વિડીયો, હેતુલક્ષી પ્રશ્નો, ટૂંકા પ્રશ્નો, લાંબા પ્રશ્નો, પરિક્ષામાં પુછાઈ ગયેલા પ્રશ્નો તેમજ પરિક્ષામાં પુછાઈ શકે તેવા અનેક મુદ્દાસર પ્રશ્નો જોવા અમારી વેબસાઈટ પર રજીસ્ટર થાઓ અથવા અમારી App ફ્રી માં ડાઉનલોડ કરો.

Browse & Download CBSE Books For Class 10 All Subjects

The GSEB Books for class 10 are designed as per the syllabus followed Gujarat Secondary and Higher Secondary Education Board provides key detailed, and a through solutions to all the questions relating to the GSEB textbooks.

The purpose is to provide help to the students with their homework, preparing for the examinations and personal learning. These books are very helpful for the preparation of examination.

For more details about the GSEB books for Class 10, you can access the PDF which is as in the above given links for the same.