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CBSE Solutions for Class 10 English

GSEB std 10 science solution for Gujarati check Subject Chapters Wise::

What does the term ‘Partisan’ mean?

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જવાબ : A person who is strongly committed to the party


Which is a recognized political party?

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જવાબ : A party that is recognized by the ‘Election Commission’ with all the privileges and facilities


Which country has an example of a Multi-Party System?

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જવાબ : India


Which party is the oldest political party in India?

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જવાબ : Indian National Congress (INC)


Which political party believes in Marxism-Leninism?

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જવાબ : Communist Party of India


Identify the guiding philosophy of the Bhartiya Janta Party.

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જવાબ : Modernity.


Who is the founder of the Bahujan Samaj Party?

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જવાબ : Kanshi Ram.


How do money and muscle power play an important role in elections? Explain.
 

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જવાબ : Money and muscle power play an important role in elections because:
• Role of money and muscle power in parties especially during elections is growing.
• Parties tend to nominate those candidates who have or can raise lots of money.
• Rich people and companies who give funds to the parties tend to have influence on the policies and decisions of the party.
• In some cases, parties support criminals who can win election.
• Democrats all over the world are worried over the increasing role of rich people and big companies in democratic politics.


Describe any five major functions of political parties.
 

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જવાબ : Functions of political parties:
• Parties contest elections.
• They put forward policies and programmes.
• Parties play a decisive role in making laws.
• Parties form and run government.
• Defeated parties in the election play its role of opposition to the parties in power.


What is meant by ‘regional political party’? State the conditions required to be recognized as a ‘regional political party’.

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જવાબ : A regional party is a party that is present in only some states.
Conditions required for a party to be recognized as a regional political party are:
• A party that secures at least six percent of the total votes in an election to the Legislative Assembly of a state.
• Wins at least two seats in the Legislative Assembly.


What is a political party? State any two points of the ideology of Bharatiya Janta Party?

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જવાબ : A political party is a group of people who come together to contest elections and hold power in the government. They agree on some policies and programmers for the society with a view to promote the collective good.
Ideology of BJP:

  • • Wants full territorial and political integration of Jammu and Kashmir with India.
    • A uniform civil code for all people living in the country irrespective of religion.
    • Cultural nationalism.


What is a multi-party system? Why has India adopted a multi-party system? Explain.

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જવાબ : Multi-party system: If several parties compete for power and more than two parties have a reasonable chance of coming to power either on their own strength or in alliance with others, we call it a multi-party system.
India adopted a Multi party system because:
• There is social and geographical diversity in India.
• India is such a large country which is not easily absorbed by two or three parties.


Describe any three main features of Two-Party system.

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જવાબ : Main features of two-party system:
• Power usually changes between two parties, several other parties may exist.
• In such system, people get clear choice.
• The party that wins majority forms the government and the other sits in opposition.


What are the components of a political party?

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જવાબ : A political party has three components:
• Its leaders
• Its active members and
• Its followers.


Which party was the principal opposition party in Lok Sabha in 2004?

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જવાબ : Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).


Name the alliance formed by the Congress Party.

 

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જવાબ : United Progressive Alliance (UPA).


Name a country that has one-party system.
 

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જવાબ : China.


Why is one party political system not considered a good democratic system?

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જવાબ : Because one party system has no democratic option.


What is an important function of a political party in India?

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જવાબ : To contest elections.


What is meant by ‘Political Party’?
 

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જવાબ : A political party is a group of people come together to contest elections to hold power in the government.


Explain two functions each of the ruling party as well of the opposition parties.

 

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જવાબ : Functions of the ruling parties:
• They play a major role in making laws for the country.
• They form the government and run the country.
• They recruit leaders, train them and then make ministers to run the government.

Functions of the opposition parties:
• They oppose the government by voicing different views.
• They criticize government for its failure and wrong policies.
• They mobilize opposition to the government.


Analyse the three components of a political party.

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જવાબ : The three components of a political party are as follows:

  • The leaders. A political party consists of leaders, who contest elections and if they win the elections, they perform the administrative jobs.
  • The active members. They are the ones who work actively for the party. They are the assistants of the leaders and implement the plans and ideologies of the political party.
  • The followers. They are the ardent followers of the parties and their leaders and support them in the elections.


“Nearly every one of the state parties wants to get an opportunity to be a part of one or the other national level coalition.” Support the statement with arguments.

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જવાબ : The state parties also referred to as regional parties are not necessarily regional in ideology. Some of these parties are all India parties that happen to have succeeded only in some states. Over the last three decades, the number and strength of these parties has expanded. Before the general elections one national party was able to secure on its own a majority in the Lok Sabha. As a result, the national parties were compelled to form alliances with state parties. Since 1996, nearly every one of the state parties got an opportunity to be a part of one or the other national level coalition government. This contributed to the strengthening of federalism and democracy. Example of state parties having national level political organisation with units in several states are Samajwadi Party (SP), Rashtriya Janata Dal, Samata Party.


What is meant by regional political party? State the conditions required to be recognised as a ‘regional political party’.

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જવાબ : A regional party is a party that is present in only some states. Regional parties or State parties need not be regional in their ideology. They have state identity as they are present only in some states. Some of these parties are all India parties that happen to have succeeded only in states. Example, Samajwadi Party, Rashtriya Janta Dal.
Conditions required for a party to be recognized as a regional political party:

  • A party that secures atleast six percent of the total votes in an election to the legislative assembly of a state.
  • Wins atleast two seats in the legislative assembly.


What is meant by a ‘national political party’? State the conditions required to be a national political party.

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જવાબ : National political parties have their units in various states. By and large all these units follow the same policies, programmes and strategy that is decided at the national level.
Conditions required to be a national political party:

  • A party that secures at least 6% of the total votes in general elections of Lok Sabha or assembly elections in four states.
  • A party that wins at least 4 seats in the Lok Sabha.


“Dynastic succession is one of the most serious challenges before the political parties.” Analyse the statement.

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જવાબ : Most political parties do not practise open and transparent procedures for their functioning. So there are very few ways for an ordinary worker to rise to the top in a party. Those who happen to be the leaders are in a position of unfair advantage as they favour people close to them or even their family members. In many parties in India, we see a trend of dynastic succession. The top positions are always controlled by members of a particular family, which is unfair to other members of the party, and bad for democracy. This is so because people who do not have adequate experience or popular support come to occupy positions of power. More than loyalty to party principles and policies, personal loyalty to the leader becomes more important. This tendency is seen all over the world, even in older democracies.


“Lack of internal democracy within parties is the major challenge to political parties all over the world”. Analyse the statement.

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જવાબ :

  1. Most political parties do not practise open and transparent procedures for their functioning like maintaining membership registers, holding organisational meetings or conducting internal elections regularly. Thus, ordinary members of the party do not get sufficient information on the happenings in the party and have no means to influence the decisions.
  2. Also, there are very few chances for an ordinary worker to rise to the top in a party. Since one or, at the most, a few leaders exercise paramount power in the party, those who disagree with the leadership, find it difficult to continue in the party.
  3. Those who happen to be the leaders are in a position to take undue advantage and favour people close to them or even their family members. And, in many parties, the top positions are invariably controlled by members of one family which is bad for democracy.


What is a multi-party system? Why has India adopted a multi-party system? Explain.

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જવાબ : Multi-party system. In this system, the government is formed by various parties coming together in a coalition. When several parties in a multi-party system join hands for the purpose of contesting elections and winning power, it is called an alliance or a front. For example, in India there were three major alliances in 2004 parliamentary elections—the National Democratic Alliance (NDA), the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) and the Left Front. This system on one hand leads to political instability but at the same time, allows for a variety of interests and opinions to enjoy political representation. Each country develops a party system that is suitable for its special circumstances. India has evolved as a multi-party system because its social and geographical diversity cannot be absorbed by two or three parties. Thus, such representation strengthens democracy. Multi-party system facilitates representation of regional and geographical diversities. In India, several regional parties are in power at the State level such as the DMK in Tamil Nadu, Akali Dal in Punjab the BSP in Uttar Pradesh.


Describe the three components of a political party

 

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જવાબ : Components of a political party are:

  1. The leaders,
  2. active members and
  3. the followers.
    • The leaders are recruited and trained by parties. They are made ministers to run the government. The big policy decisions are taken by the political executives that come from the political parties.
    • Parties have lakhs of members and activists spread over the country. Many of the pressure groups are the extensions of political parties among different sections of society. But since most of the members belong to a party, they go by the direction of the party leadership, irrespective of their personal opinion.
    • The followers are the ordinary citizens, who believe in the policies of their respective party and give popular support through elections. Often the opinion of the followers crystallise on the lines parties take.


“No party system is ideal for all countries and in all situations.” Justify the statement with five arguments.

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જવાબ : Parties are a necessary condition for a democracy. The rise of political parties is directly linked to the emergence of representative democracies. Party system is not something any country can choose. It evolves depending on the nature of society, its social and regional divisions, its history of politics and system of elections. Each country develops a party system that is conditioned by its special circumstances. For example, India has evolved a multi-party system, because of its social and geographical diversity which cannot be easily absorbed by two or three parties.
Political parties make policies to promote collective good and there can be different views on what is good for all. Therefore no system is ideal for all countries and situations.


Name the national political party which gets inspiration from India’s ancient culture and values. Mention four features of that party.

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જવાબ : Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) founded in 1980 draws inspiration from India’s ancient culture and values.
Features:

  1. Cultural Nationalism (Hindutva) is an important element in its conception of Indian nationhood and politics.
  2. Wants full territorial and political integration of Jammu and Kashmir with India.
  3. A uniform civil code for all people living in the country irrespective of religion and ban on religious conversions.
  4. Earlier limited to north and west and to urban areas, the party expanded support in the south, east, the north-east and rural areas.


Name any one political party of India which grew out of a movement.
 

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જવાબ : Asom Gana Parishad.


Mention the ideology of Indian National Congress.

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જવાબ : Under the leadership of Jawaharlal Nehru, the Indian National Congress sought to build a modern secular democratic republic in India. The party propagates secularism and welfare of the weaker sections and minorities of society. It supports new economic reforms but with a human face.


Why do political parties involve partisanship?

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જવાબ : Partisanship is marked by a tendency to take a side and inability to take a balanced view on an issue. Parties reflect fundamental political divisions in a society. Parties are a part of the society and they involve partisanship.


Why did India adopt multi-party system? Give reasons.

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જવાબ : India adopted multi-party system because:

  • India is a large country and has social and geographical diversities.
  • It is easy to absorb different diversities in a multi-party system.


Name any one political party that has national level political organisation but not recognised as a national political party.
 

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જવાબ : State parties like the Samajwadi Party, Samata Party and Rashtriya Janata Dal have national level political organisations with units in several states but are not recognised as national parties.


What is the guiding philosophy of Bhartiya Janata Party?

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જવાબ : The source of inspiration of Bharatiya Janata Party is the ancient Indian culture and values. Cultural nationalism (Hindutva) is an important element in its conception of Indian nationhood and politics.


Name any two regional parties of West Bengal.

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જવાબ :

  1. Forward BLOCK ,
  2. TRINAMOOL CONGRESS .


Name the national political party which draws inspiration from the teachings of Sahu Maharaj, Mahatma Phule, Naicker and Babasaheb Ambedkar.
 

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જવાબ : Bahujan Samaj Party.


Which special privilege is given to recognised political parties by the Election Commission?

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જવાબ : RPP are given a special election symbol. Only official candidates of that party can use the election symbol.


Given one point of difference between a pressure group and a political party.

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જવાબ : A pressure group is an organized or unorganized body that seeks to promote its interests while a political party is a body that seeks to attain political power by contesting elections.


What does Universal Adult Suffrage stand for?

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જવાબ : Universal Adult suffrage stands for the ‘Right to Vote’.


What is a recognised political party?

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જવાબ : A recognised political party is a party, recognised by the ‘Election Commission’ with all the privileges and facilities.


In which state does the ‘Rashtriya Lok Dal’ exist as a regional party?

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જવાબ : Uttar Pradesh


In which state does ‘Biju Janata Dal’ exist as a regional party?

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જવાબ : Odisha (Orissa)


What is the source of inspiration of the ‘Bhartiya Janata Party’?

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જવાબ : The source of inspiration of the Bhartiya Janata Party or the BJP is ancient Indian culture and values.


How many parties are needed in any democratic system to compete in elections and provide a fair chance for the competing parties to come to power?

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જવાબ : At least two parties.


What are the three main components of a political party?

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જવાબ :

  1. The leaders;
  2. The active members; and
  3. The followers


What is meant by a political party?

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જવાબ : Political party is a group of people who come together to contest elections and to hold power in the government. They agree on some policies to promote collective good. They seek to implement those policies by winning popular support through elections. Thus political parties tend to fill political offices and exercise political power.


"Everywhere on the world, individuals express their disappointment with the disappointment of political factions to play out their capacities well." Analyze the announcement with contentions.

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જવાબ : Since parties are the most obvious face in a popular government, individuals censure them for whatever isn't right with the working of majority rules system.

 

There are four significant regions where the working of political coalitions faces challenge:

 

(I) Lack of inner majority rule government. There is convergence of intensity in one or a couple of pioneers at the top. Gatherings don't keep participation registers, don't hold hierarchical gatherings and don't lead inner races consistently. More than dependability to party standards and strategies, it is close to home unwaveringness which turns out to be more significant. The pioneers accept more noteworthy capacity to settle on choices for the sake of the party. Since one or scarcely any pioneers practice fundamental force in the party, the individuals who can't help contradicting administration think that its hard to proceed in the party.

 

(ii) Dynastic progression. In numerous gatherings, top positions are constantly held by individuals from one family. Most political factions don't rehearse straightforward and open techniques for their working and it is extremely hard for a customary specialist to ascend to the top. This is terrible for majority rules system, since individuals who don't have satisfactory experience or well known help come to possess places of intensity.

 

(iii) Money and muscle influence. Since parties are focussed just on winning decisions, they will in general utilize alternate routes to win races. They designate up-and-comers who have or can fund-raise and consequently can have effect on the strategies and choices of the party.

 

(iv) No significant decision. There has been a decrease in the philosophical contrasts among parties. They concur more on key viewpoints, yet contrast just in subtleties, on how approaches are to be outlined and actualized. Here and there individuals can't choose various pioneers as similar arrangement of pioneers continue moving starting with one party then onto the next.


"Around hundred years prior there were barely any nations that had scarcely any political party. Presently there are not many nations that don't host political gatherings." Examine this announcement.

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જવાબ : We can comprehend the need of political coalitions by envisioning a circumstance without parties. Each competitor in the political decision will be free. Along these lines, no significant strategy changes will be made. Chosen agents will be responsible to their electorate however nobody will be liable for the smooth running of the nation. As social orders become huge and complex, they need an organization to assemble sees on different issues and to introduce them to the administration. There is a need to unite different delegates so a mindful government can be shaped.

 

An instrument is expected to help or limit the legislature to cause strategies, to legitimize or contradict them. Political factions satisfy the requirements of an agent government and are along these lines an important condition for a majority rules system.


Analyze the function of resistance groups in a Democracy.

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જવાબ : Resistance groups assume a significant part in vote based systems. They play both positive and negative job. Positive job,

 

1.            They guarantees political party in power doesn't abuse or manhandle its capacity;

 

2.            They uncover the shortcomings of the decision party;

 

3.            They additionally keep a nearby vigil on the bills and use of the administration.

 

Negative job.

 

•             They focus on the administration and target dislodging and disparaging the legislature for all the ills and the difficulties individuals face;

 

•             Through slowing down the procedures of the parliament, dhamas and gheravs, it diminishes the advancement of the nation.

 

The resistance's work isn't to extract the working of the organization yet keep a nearby watch on the working of the party in power so majority rule government gets significant.


Depict any five significant capacities performed by political coalitions.

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જવાબ : To fill political workplaces and exercise political force, political coalitions are expected to play out a progression of capacities, which are the accompanying:

 

1.            Parties challenge decisions. Decisions are battled essentially among applicants set up by political factions.

 

In India, top party pioneers pick possibility for challenging decisions.

 

2.            Parties set forward various arrangements and projects. Political coalitions in a vote based system bunch together comparable conclusions, to give a course where government approaches can be figured,

 

3.            Parties make laws for a nation. Laws are discussed and passed in the assembly.

 

4.            Parties that lose decisions assume the function of the resistance. Resistance groups voice their perspectives by reprimanding government for its disappointment or wrong strategies.

 

5.            Parties shape general sentiment. They raise and feature issues and resolve individuals' issues. Many weight bunches are the expansions of political factions.

 

6.            Parties give individuals admittance to government apparatus and government assistance plans. For a customary resident it is anything but difficult to move toward a neighborhood party pioneer than an administration official.


How do cash and muscle strategic maneuver a significant part in decisions?

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જવાબ : Political coalitions need to confront and conquer the developing test of Money and Muscle influence during races so as to stay compelling instruments of vote based system.

 

Since parties are focussed just on winning decisions, they will in general utilize alternate ways to win races, for instance, similar to stall fixing, appropriation of food, cash, liquor, and so on to the helpless electors to get their votes. Political factions will in general name those competitors who have or can collect bunches of cash. Rich individuals and organizations who offer assets to the gatherings will in general have effect on the arrangements and choices of the party. Nowadays, parties are supporting lawbreakers who can win decisions. This is a significant reason for worry to the liberals everywhere on the world who are stressed over the expanding function of rich individuals and huge organizations in equitable legislative issues.


Propose and clarify any five viable measures to change political coalitions.

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જવાબ : Five proposals made to change the political coalitions:

 

1.            Law to direct the interior issues of political coalitions like keeping up a register of its individuals, to follow its own constitution, to have free position, to go about as judge if there should be an occurrence of party contest, to hold open races to the most noteworthy post.

 

2.            It ought to be obligatory for political factions to give 33% passes to ladies competitors. Additionally there ought to be quantity for ladies on the dynamic assortments of the party.

 

3.            There ought to be state subsidizing of races. The administration should offer cash to gatherings to help their political race expenses in kind (petroleum, paper, phone, and so forth) or in real money based on votes made sure about by the party in the past political decision.

 

4.            The competitor ought to be taught, with the goal that he can tackle and comprehend individuals' issues. His past record ought to be cleared. He ought to be straightforward and there ought to be no criminal argument against him.

 

5.            Citizens can change legislative issues on the off chance that they participate legitimately and join political factions. Individuals can squeeze political factions through petitions, exposure in media, disturbances and so forth


Portray any five endeavors made to change political factions in India.

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જવાબ : Five endeavors made to change the political factions:

 

1.            Law to manage the inner issues of political factions like keeping up a register of its individuals, to follow its own constitution, to have autonomous position, to go about as judge if there should be an occurrence of party question, to hold open decisions to the most noteworthy post.

 

2.            It ought to be obligatory for political factions to give 33% passes to ladies competitors. Likewise there ought to be standard for ladies on the dynamic assemblages of the party.

 

3.            There ought to be state financing of decisions. The administration should offer cash to gatherings to help their political decision expenses in kind (petroleum, paper, phone, and so forth) or in real money based on votes made sure about by the party in the past political decision.

 

4.            The applicant ought to be taught, with the goal that he can take care of and comprehend individuals' issues. His past record ought to be cleared. He ought to be straightforward and there ought to be no criminal body of evidence against him.

 

5.            Citizens can change governmental issues in the event that they participate straightforwardly and join political factions. Individuals can squeeze political factions through petitions, exposure in media, disturbances and so on


"Virtually all of the state parties needs to persuade an occasion to be a piece of either public level alliance." Support the announcement with contentions.

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જવાબ : The state parties likewise alluded to as territorial gatherings are not really provincial in philosophy. A portion of these gatherings are altogether India parties that have succeeded uniquely in certain states. Throughout the most recent thirty years, the number and quality of these gatherings has extended. Before the overall races one public party had the option to make sure about on its own a lion's share in the Lok Sabha.

 

Subsequently, the public gatherings were constrained to shape partnerships with state parties.

 

Since 1996, essentially all of the state parties persuaded an occasion to be a piece of either public level alliance government. This added to the fortifying of federalism and popular government. Case of state parties having public level political association with units in a few states are Samajwadi Party (SP), Rashtriya Janata Dal, Samata Party.


What is implied by local political party? Express the conditions needed to be perceived as a 'territorial political party'.

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જવાબ : A territorial party is a party that is available in just a few states. Provincial gatherings or State parties need not be local in their philosophy. They have state way of life as they are available just in certain states. A portion of these gatherings are generally India parties that have succeeded uniquely in states. Model, Samajwadi Party, Rashtriya Janta Dal.

 

Conditions needed for a party to be perceived as a territorial political party:

 

•             A party that makes sure about atleast six percent of the all out votes in a political race to the administrative get together of a state.

 

•             Wins atleast two seats in the authoritative gathering.


How hosts multi-get-together framework reinforced vote based system in India?

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જવાબ : Multi-party framework. In this framework, the legislature is shaped by different gatherings meeting up in an alliance. At the point when a few gatherings in a multi-party framework hold hands to challenge decisions and winning force, it is called a coalition or a front.

 

For instance, in India there were three significant coalitions in 2004 parliamentary races—the National Democratic Alliance (NDA), the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) and the Left Front. This framework on one hand prompts political precariousness and yet, considers an assortment of interests and suppositions to appreciate political portrayal.

 

Every nation builds up a party framework that is appropriate for its unique conditions. India hosts developed as a multi-gathering framework since its social and topographical variety can't be consumed by a few gatherings. Subsequently, such portrayal fortifies popular government. Multi-party framework encourages portrayal of local and topographical varieties. In India, a few local gatherings are in power at the State level, for example, the DMK in Tamil Nadu, Akali Dal in Punjab the BSP in Uttar Pradesh.

 


"Dynastic progression is one of the most genuine difficulties before the political factions." Analyze the announcement.

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જવાબ : Most political factions don't rehearse open and straightforward systems for their working. So there are not many ways for a normal laborer to ascend to the top in a party. The individuals who end up being the pioneers are in a place of out of line advantage as they favor individuals near them or even their relatives. In numerous gatherings in India, we see a pattern of dynastic progression. The top positions are constantly constrained by individuals from a specific family, which is unjustifiable to different individuals from the party, and awful for majority rule government. This is so on the grounds that individuals who don't have sufficient experience or famous help come to involve places of intensity.

 

More than faithfulness to party standards and arrangements, individual devotion to the pioneer turns out to be more significant. This propensity is seen everywhere on the world, even in more established majority rule governments.


"Absence of inside popular government inside gatherings is the significant test to political coalitions everywhere on the world". Break down the announcement.

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જવાબ : 1.            Most political coalitions don't rehearse open and straightforward methodology for their working like keeping up participation registers, holding authoritative gatherings or directing inward decisions routinely. In this manner, normal individuals from the party don't get adequate data on the happenings in the party and have no way to impact the choices.

 

2.            Also, there are not many possibilities for a conventional laborer to ascend to the top in a party. Since one or, and no more, a couple of pioneers practice fundamental force in the party, the individuals who can't help contradicting the initiative, think that its hard to proceed in the party.

 

3.            Those who end up being the pioneers are in a situation to exploit and support individuals near them or even their relatives. Furthermore, in numerous gatherings, the top positions are constantly constrained by individuals from one family which is terrible for majority rule government.


Depict in short the ongoing endeavors that have been made in India to change political coalitions and its chiefs.

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જવાબ : Ongoing endeavors to change political coalitions and its chiefs are as given underneath :

 

(1) Anti-deserting law : In India, many chosen delegates began enjoying changing party devotion from the party on which an individual got chosen for an alternate party so as to become clergymen or for money rewards. So as to control this inclination, hostile to abandonment law was passed. It says that if any MLA or MP changes gatherings, the person will lose the seat in the assembly. Presently MPs and MLAs need to comply with the choices of the party.

 

(2) Filing of a testimony : The Supreme Court has made it obligatory for each up-and-comer who challenges a political race to document an affirmation giving subtleties of his property and criminal arguments forthcoming against him. This has been done to lessen the impact of cash and lawbreakers.

 

(3) Hold authoritative decisions : The Election Commission hosts made it vital for political gatherings to hold their hierarchical races and document their salary expense forms.


Give a concise depiction of six public gatherings in India.

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જવાબ : (1) Indian National Congress :

 

•             It is perhaps the most established party on the planet,

 

•             It was established by A.O. Hume in 1885.

 

•             It has assumed a significant function in opportunity battle.

 

•             Under the authority of Jawaharlal Nehru, it established framework for an advanced India,

 

•             It is an anti-extremist party in its belief system,

 

•             It underpins advancement and globalization,

 

•             In the races held in 2004, it rose as the single biggest party with 145 seats,

 

•             In 2009 races too the party was the single biggest party making sure about 205 seats and headed the govt,

 

•             In 2014 decisions the party has lost force at the middle.

 

(2) Bharatiya Janata Party :

 

•             It was established in 1980 by resuscitating the old Bharatiya Jana Sangh. It puts stock in India's antiquated culture and qualities,

 

•             It puts stock in social patriotism or Hindustan.

 

•             The party favors full joining of Jammu and Kashmir with India, a uniform common code for all individuals in the nation.

 

•             BJP came to control in 1998 as the head of the National Democratic Alliance yet lost in 2004 decisions,

 

•             In 2014 races BJP and its partners (NDA) have the lion's share aria shaped the legislature at the middle.

 

(3) Bahujan Samaj Party :

 

•             Kanshi Ram shaped this party in 1984 for the government assistance of bahujan samaj which included dalits, adivasis, OBCs and strict minorities,

 

•             It was enlivened from the thoughts and lessons of Sahu Maharaj, Mahatma Phule, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar and others.

 

•             It has fundamental base in UP, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Uttarakhand, Delhi and Punjab.

 

•             It has shaped government in UP a few times with the assistance of different gatherings,

 

•             In 2004 decisions, it has won 19 seats in the Lok Sabha.

 

•             Party is a statement of dalit

 

(4) Communist Party of India (Marxist) :

 

•             Founded in 1964, it has confidence in Marxism-Leninism. It contradicts dominion and communalism.

 

•             It weights on the requirement for India to become self-subordinate monetarily and to escape from the grasp of the World Bank and International Monetary Fund,

 

•             It is condemning of advancement of economy,

 

•             The party has been in power for a very long time in West Bengal without a break.

 

•             In 2004 races, it won 43 seats in the Lok Sabha and upheld the UPA government from outside.

 

(5) Communist Party of India :

 

•             It was established in 1925 and has faith in Marxism-Leninism, secularism and majority rules system.

 

•             It has acknowledged parliamentary vote based system as a methods for advancing the interests of the common laborers, ranchers and poor people,

 

•             It got frail because of split in 1964 that prompted the arrangement of CPI(M).

 

•             Party favors collective agreement, secularism and anticipation of abuse of strict spots for problematic exercises,

 

•             The party has made progress in the conditions of Kerala, West Bengal, Punjab, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. In 2004, Lok Sabha decisions, it had made sure about 1.4 percent votes and 10 seats.

 

•             It upheld the UPA government from outside.

 

(6) Nationalist Congress Party :

 

•             It was shaped in 1999 because of split in the Congress party.

 

•             It favors majority rules system, Gandhian secularism, value, social equity and federalism,

 

•             It advocates that high workplaces like Prime Minister ought to be limited to normal conceived residents of the nation,

 

•             It is a significant party in Maharashtra and alliance accomplice of Congress,

 

•             It was essential for UPA government at the Center.


Offer your input about which party framework ought to be received in a nation.

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જવાબ : 1.            It is preposterous to expect to state which party framework ought to be embraced in a nation since party framework isn't something any nation can pick.

 

2.            It develops over quite a while.

 

3.            It relies upon the idea of society, its social and territorial divisions, its set of experiences of legislative issues and its arrangement of decisions.

 

4.            Each nation builds up a party framework that is adapted by its exceptional conditions. For instance in India we host multi-get-together framework on the grounds that the social and geological variety in such a huge nation isn't effectively consumed by two or even three gatherings. Accordingly, it might be presumed that no framework is ideal for all nations and all circumstances.


Characterize multi-party framework. What are the upsides of this framework ?

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જવાબ : 1. Multi-party framework is that where there are in excess of two political coalitions as in India, France, Italy and Germany.

 

2. Preferences :

 

1.            The country isn't separated into two camps : Under multi-party framework there are numerous sorts of belief systems. There is no unbending order among the gatherings. One individual can leave one party and join another party of his decision.

 

2.            Parliament doesn't become manikin in the possession of the bureau : Under multi-party framework, here and there an alliance administration of a few gatherings is shaped. So there can't be bureau fascism. The bureau can't complete the work voluntarily.

 

 

3.            All shades of supposition are spoken to in the house : In a multi-party framework all shades of sentiment get portrayal in the parliament. Perspectives on various classes are heard in the House.

 

4.            Wider decision before the electorate : Where there are numerous gatherings, there is a more extensive decision before the electorate since they can project their votes for just the similarly invested parties.

 

5.            The laborers are all the more free in this framework since, in such a case that their own party couldn't care less for them they can join another party of their decision.

 

3. Burdens :

 

1.            Weak government : The alliance governments are essentially feeble. The Prime Minister needs to counsel the heads of other alliance accomplices. If there should be an occurrence of contrasts the legislatures are broken up soon.

 

2.            Indefiniteness of Policy : There is uncertainty of the arrangement because of quick change in the administration. With the difference in government, the approach is likewise changed.

 

3.            No long haul arranging : Due to fast changes in the legislatures, long haul arranging is absurd. It isn't in light of a legitimate concern for improvement in the nation.

 

4.            Lack of managerial proficiency : In a various party framework regulatory effectiveness endures in light of the fact that the legislatures change regularly.

 

5.            In this framework exchanging votes and arrangement of government subverts the political profound quality as has occurred in our nation on various events e.g., Ayaram Gayaram scene in Haryana.


Portray the negative marks of bi-party framework.

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જવાબ : The faults/hindrances of the bi-party framework are as referenced beneath :

 

(1) Dictatorship of the bureau : In a bi-party framework, the fascism of the bureau is set up on the grounds that it has the lion's share uphold in the Parliament. In such the circumstance the decision party couldn't care less much for the resistance.

 

(2) Limited decision before the citizens : When there are just two gatherings before the electorate, they need to choose one regardless of whether they don't care for both the gatherings. In this manner the citizen loses its opportunity of decision.

 

(3) The eminence of the assembly is brought down : In a bi-party framework, the Prime Minister with lion's share of his party and his impact over the party, can get the bills, spending plan, arrangements and so forth passed as he enjoys. On the off chance that he isn't upheld by lawmaking body, he can suggest its disintegration. In this way the lawmaking body is a manikin in the possession of the Prime Minister.

 

(4) Dictatorship of the lion's share party : In bi-party framework there is tyranny of the dominant part party and it thinks about the resistance since it appreciates a lion's share in the governing body (Parliament).

 

(5) It separates the countries into beyond reconciliation camps : Where there are just two gatherings in a nation, there is an extraordinary distinction in their belief systems and there is an incredible discussion over the fundamental arrangements in the nation.

 

(6) All shades of conclusion are not spoken to in the governing body : Where there are just two gatherings, the citizens have no opportunity to communicate their perspectives as all shades of sentiment are given portrayal.


What is bi-party framework ? Portray its benefits.

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જવાબ : (a)

1.            Bi-party framework implies that there are two significant political coalitions and the remainder of the gatherings are less significant.

2.            Only two fundamental gatherings have a genuine possibility of winning dominant part of seats to frame government.

3.            The models are USA and UK.

 

(b)

Benefits :

 

(1) Government is more steady : The administration is more steady in a bi-party framework, in light of the fact that the lion's share party in the council shapes the legislature and the other party goes about as opposition.Coalition governments are not framed in a bi-party framework. On the off chance that the decision party loses the lion's share in the lawmaking body, the Cabinet tenders its acquiescence. In such a case the resistance shapes the legislature. It becomes administering party and the party which was heretofore front the decision party, turns into the resistance.

 

(2) Formation of government is simpler : In this framework, the arrangement of the legislature is simpler in light of the fact that one party gets lion's share and head of state welcomes their chief to shape the administration. In the event that regardless, the lion's share party loses the larger part uphold in the assembly, the other party i.e., resistance, is welcome to shape the administration.

 

(3) It guarantees a solid government and coherence of strategy : As there is a steady government, it can seek after a decent approach constantly. The administration can define long haul plans for the government assistance of the individuals.

 

(4) Responsibility can be fixed effectively : In this framework the legislature is in the possession of one party. So it tends to be given acknowledgment for its prosperity and if fizzles on any front, it gains terrible name. It is along these lines simple to fix the obligation and the decision party can't move duty to other people.

 

(5) Constructive analysis : In this framework, the resistance enjoys helpful analysis of the legislature, since it realizes that if there should be an occurrence of the disappointment of the administration, it should shape the legislature. In such an in the long run, it should eliminate every one of those imperfections for which it hosted scrutinized the decision gathering.

 

(6) Commanding situation of the Prime Minister : In a bi-party framework, the Prime Minister appreciates the certainty of his own party. On the off chance that the Prime Minister hosts adequate effect on his get-together and if his party has adequate lion's share in the council, he will have no trouble in running the legislature.


For what reason is one-party framework not thought about a decent equitable government ?

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જવાબ : (1) In certain nations just one-party is permitted to control and run the administration. These are called one-party framework. For instance in China just the Communist Party is permitted to run the show.

 

(2) Merits :

 

1.            It aides in the foundation of stable governments.

 

2.            It aides in the quick improvement of the nation as there are no contentions among the classes.

 

3.            The organization gets productive as the forces are amassed in the possession of party pioneers.

 

4.            There is solidarity and control in the nation.

 

5.            Time isn't squandered in pointless analysis and purposeful publicity.

 

(c) Demerits :

 

1.            There is no opportunity of articulation. Nobody can denounce the party.

 

2.            Democracy is dissolved and one-party tyranny is set up.

 

3.            There is no regard for the perspectives on various classes and interests.

 

4.            The organization gets flippant because of absence of analysis and resistance.

 

5.            Political and social opportunities are squashed. This upsets the advancement of the character.


Why present day popular governments can't exist without political factions ?

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જવાબ : Political coalitions perform different capacities, for example, challenging decisions, development of government, go about as resistance. We, consequently, need political coalitions in a vote based system. Yet at the same time question is raised why current vote based systems can't exist without political factions. The purposes behind this are as referenced beneath :

 

1.            In the nonattendance of political coalitions, each applicant in the races will be free. There will be no guarantees, no party pronouncements. Individuals won't have the option to think about the future program/strategies of the new government after the races.

 

2.            The government might be framed however there will be no solidarity among the individuals from the council except if they are individuals from one political party.

 

3.            Elected agents will be responsible to the citizens/individuals of their supporters for their issues and guarantees made to them. Nobody will be considered answerable for the unfamiliar and safeguard approaches of the nation in light of the fact that these are choices that are taken by greater part or collectively. The inquiry may likewise be raised to whom the individuals will be dependable and why for public strategies.

 

4.            It might be referenced here that in any event, during the non-party based races to the panchayats, the gatherings don't challenge officially yet it is commonly seen that the town gets part into more than one group, every one of which sets up a 'board' of its applicants. This capacity is performed by political factions in a popular government.

 

5.            Modern enormous scope social orders need delegate majority rules system which thus need some office to accumulate various perspectives on different issues and present these to the legislature. This capacity is finished by political factions. Accordingly, parties are an important condition for vote based system just as present day popular governments can't exist without political coalitions.


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1

the CPI (M) appreciate solid help

A

Uttar Pradesh

2

the CPI (M) doesn’t appreciate solid help

B

Top party authority

3

picks the contender for challenging decisions in India

C

West Bengal

4

Doesn’t picks the contender for challenging decisions in India

D

The current government

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જવાબ :

1-C, 2-A, 3-B, 4-D

1

China

A

classes can the Indian National Congress be put

2

India

B

hosts a one-get-together framework

3

Centrist party

C

Doesn’t hosts a one-get-together framework

4

Rightist party

D

classes cannot  the Indian National Congress be put

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જવાબ :

1-B, 2-D, 3-A, 4-C

1

India

A

number of didn’t perceived public gatherings were there in 2006

2

China

B

is the case of two-party framework

3

6

C

Isn’t the case of two-party framework

4

5

D

number of perceived public gatherings were there in 2006

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જવાબ :

1-B, 2-C, 3-D, 4-A

1

1980

A

was the BJP established

2

1885

B

was the BSP established

3

1984

C

was the INC established

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જવાબ :

1-A, 2-C, 3-B

1

One-party framework

A

Centrist party

2

Two-party framework

B

not a decent choice for a vote based state

3

Indian National Congress be put

C

 a decent choice for a vote based state

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જવાબ :

1-B, 2-C, 3-A

1

Maharashtra

A

National Democratic Alliance

2

Assam

B

United Progressive Alliance

3

BJP shaped the administration in 1998 as the head of a union with

C

NCP doesn’t have a significant help

4

BJP doesn’t shaped the administration in 1998 as the head of a union

D

NCP have a significant help

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જવાબ :

1-D, 2-C, 3-A, 4-B

1

1984, Kanshi Ram

A

Isn’t a superior method of doing political changes in a popularity based nation

2

1982, Mayawati

B

is a superior method of doing political changes in a popularity based nation

3

The strengthening of individuals

C

under whose administration Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) wasn’t framed

4

The established changes

D

under whose administration was Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) framed

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જવાબ :

1-D, 2-C, 3-B, 4-A

1

pioneers

A

Nations doesn’t hosts multi-gathering framework

2

Women

B

a segment of a political party

3

India

C

Isn’t a segment of a political party

4

China

D

nations hosts multi-gathering framework

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જવાબ :

1-B, 2-C, 3-D, 4-A

1

Cultural patriotism

A

organizer of the Bahujan Samaj Party

2

Modernity

B

is the directing way of thinking of the Bharatiya Janata Party

3

Kansi Ram

C

Isn’t the directing way of thinking of the Bharatiya Janata Party

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જવાબ :

1-B, 2-C, 3-A

1

A nation which has a majority rule type of government

A

Nepal

2

A nation which doesn’t has a majority rule type of government

B

Bahujan Samaj Party

3

a 'Public Political Party'

C

India

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જવાબ :

1-C, 2-A, 3-B

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