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CBSE Solutions for Class 10 English

GSEB std 10 science solution for Gujarati check Subject Chapters Wise::

Identify the oldest Japanese book from the given options.

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જવાબ : Diamond Sutra.


Write any movement was led by Martin Luther’s writings and ideas.

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જવાબ : Reformation Movement.


Penny magazine was only for _______

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જવાબ : women.


In what way did the Nationalist newspaper inspire the Nationalism in India?

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જવાબ : Encouraging Nationalist activities through the press.


The condition for which of the revolution was created by the Print Culture.

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જવાબ : French Revolution.


Which of the material was used in ancient India for writing manuscripts?

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જવાબ : Palm Leaves.


Why is Charles Metcalfe called the ‘Liberator of the Press’ in India. (2017 OD)

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જવાબ : Charles Metcalfe was the Acting Governor General of India in 1835. He distinguished himself by liberating the Press in India and was responsible for removing all the restrictions on the press in India.


What were ‘penny chapbooks’?
 

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જવાબ : Penny chapbooks were pocket-sized books sold for a penny by pedlars known as chapmen.


Mention the contribution of Richard M. Hoes (New York) in print culture in the mid-nineteenth century.

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જવાબ : Richard M.Hoes had perfected the power-driven cylindrical press. This press was capable of printing 8,000 sheets per hour and was very useful for printing newspapers.


What kind of information did the periodical press and newspapers carry in the 18th century?

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જવાબ : The periodical press and newspapers carried combined information about current affairs with entertainment. They also carried information about wars and trade as well as news of developments in other places.


Why is Charles Metcalfe called the ‘Liberator of the Press’ in India?

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જવાબ : Charles Metcalfe was the Acting-Governor General of India in 1835. He distinguished himself by liberating the Press in India and was responsible for removing all the restrictions on the Press in India.


What kind of books were available in India before the introduction of print culture?
 

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જવાબ : Earlier, the books used to be handwritten either on palm leaves or handmade paper. India has a tradition of handwritten manuscripts in Sanskrit, Arabic, Persian as well as in various vernacular languages. Pages were sometimes beautifully illustrated. They would either be pressed between wooden covers or sewn together to ensure preservation.


What was Protestant Reformation? (2015)

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જવાબ : Protestant Reformation was a 16th Century movement to reform Catholic Church dominated by Rome. Martin Luther was one of the main Protestant reformers. He wrote Ninety Five Theses criticizing many practices and rituals of the Roman Catholic Church. Several traditions of anti-Catholic Christianity developed out of the movement.


How were Bibliotheque Bleue different from penny chapbooks? (2015)

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જવાબ : Penny chapbooks were carried by petty pedlars known as chapmen in England. These books were sold for a penny, so that even the poor could buy them. “Bibliotheque Bleue’, were low-priced small books printed in France. Both were low priced books printed on poor quality paper but the Biliotheque Bleue were bound in cheap blue covers.


Which method of hand-printing was developed in China? (2014)
 

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જવાબ : From AD 594, books in China were printed by rubbing paper against the inked surface of woodblocks.


“The printing press is the most powerful engine of progress and public opinion is the force that will sweep despotism away.” Who said these words? (2013)
 

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જવાબ : Louise Sebastian Mercier


Who developed the first printing press? (2013)
 

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જવાબ : Johann Gutenberg


Who brought the first printing press to India? (2012)
 

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જવાબ : Portuguese missionaries.


Which was the first book written by Gutenberg? (2012)
 

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જવાબ : The bible was the first book written by Gutenberg.


What did the Grimm Brothers publish? (2014)

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જવાબ : The Grimm Brothers of Germany compiled traditional folktales gathered from peasants and published them in 1812.


Marcopolo bought back the knowledge of woodblock printing to Italy from which place?

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જવાબ : China


Which French Novelist from 18th Century declared, ‘The Printing Press is the most powerful engine of progress’.

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જવાબ : Mercier


What refers to the Print Revolution?

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જવાબ : the shift from hand printing to mechanical printing.


Who was Menocchio?

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જવાબ : Menocchio was a miller of sixteenth century in Italy who reinterpreted the message of the Bible and formulated a view of God and Creation that enraged the Roman Catholic Church.


What is Calligraphy?

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જવાબ : The art of beautiful and stylish writing.


Who introduced hand-printing technology in Japan?

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જવાબ : Buddhist missionaries from China.


Name the first book printed by Johann Gutenberg.
 

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જવાબ : Bible


How we can say that Gutenberg’s press was too slow as compared to present press technology? Give one example.

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જવાબ : It could print 180 copies of Bible in three years.


Which is the oldest printed Japanese book?

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જવાબ : Diamond Sutra


Mention any one feature of the oldest Japanese book.

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જવાબ : Oldest Japanese book contained six sheets of text and woodcut illustrations.


Who developed the first printing press?

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જવાબ : Johann Gutenberg


Which method of hand-printing was developed in China?

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જવાબ : Woodblock printing


Despite the woodblock printing, what factor raised the demand of new technology in print?

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જવાબ : Gradual increase in demand than the rate of printing by the use of wood-block printing led to the demand of new technology.


What is meant by the print revolution?

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જવાબ : The printing of books started at a large scale after the invention of new printing technology. This was called the Print Revolution


How had the earliest printing technology developed in the world? Explain with examples.

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જવાબ : (i) The earliest kind of print technology was developed in China, Japan and Korea which was a system of hand printing. 
(ii) Buddhist missionaries from China introduced hand-printing technology into Japan. 
(iii) It was Marco Polo, a great explorer brought printing knowledge of woodblock from China to Italy.


What was an “Accordion Book”?

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જવાબ : 'Accordion Book' is a traditional Chinese book, folded and stitched at the side. 


Write down events took place on the dates :- AD 594

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જવાબ : Books in china were printed by rubber paper.


1920s in ________ series became popular

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જવાબ : England Shilling


Write down events took place on the dates :- 1812

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જવાબ : Traditional folk tales were compiled


Write down events took place on the dates :- (1508)

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જવાબ : Erasumus wrote Adages


Write down events took place on the dates :- From 1558

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જવાબ : Church maintained index of prohibited books


Write down events took place on the dates :- AD 868

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જવાબ : Buddhist Diamond Sutra, the oldest Japanese printed book.


Write down events took place on the dates :- 1295.

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જવાબ :  Year in which Marco Polo returned to Italy.


Write down events took place on the dates :- 1430s- 1448

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જવાબ : Gutenberg is credited with developing first modern movable type, which involved making of metal mould for casting types of different sizes, and improvised the system


Write down events took place on the dates :- 1450-1550

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જવાબ : Printin of press were developed in most of Europe


Write down events took place on the dates :- 1517

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જવાબ : Mratin Luther wrote, Ninety Five Theses challenging many of the Church's rituals and practices.


 Write down events took place on the dates :- 1822

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જવાબ : persian newspapers were published.


Write down events took place on the dates :- 1821

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જવાબ : Raja ram mohan roy, published sambad kaumudi


Write down events took place on the dates :- 1780

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જવાબ : James Augustus Hickey began to edit the Bengal Gazette


1579, 1674, 1713 are importnat yaers with reagrd to printing In

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જવાબ : India


How print was used by the Imperial court of China?

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જવાબ :

  • The imperial state in china was, for a very long time the major producer of printing material.
  • China possessed a huge bureaucratic system which recruited its personnel through civil services examinations.
  • Textbooks for this examination were printed in vast numbers under the sponsorship of the imperial state.


Why was Menocchio hauled and executed?

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જવાબ :

  • Menocchio a miller in Italy began to read books that were available in his locality.
  • He reinterpreted the message of bible and formulated a view of god and creation that enraged the Roman Catholic Church.
  • When the Roman Church began its inquisition and repress heretical ideas, Manocchio was hauled up twice and ultimately executed.


Explain the role of visual art and images in printing in India.

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જવાબ :

  • With the increasing number of printing presses, visual images could be easily reproduced in multiple copies.
  • Painters like Raja Ravi Verma produced images for mass circulation.
  • Cheap prints and calendars were bought even by poor to decorate the walls of their houses.


What were the views of Mercier?

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જવાબ :

  • According to Mercier, ‘the printing press is the most powerful engine of progress and public opinion is the force that will sweep despotism away.”
  • In many of Mercier‘s novels, the heroes are transformed by the acts of reading.
  • 3. Mercier believed that power of print will bring down despotism.


What was the reaction of religious authorities and monarchs about printing?

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જવાબ :

  • Not everyone welcomed the printed books and those who did also had fears about it.
  • It was feared that if there was no control over what was printed and read then irreligious thoughts might spread.
  • The authority and value of the valuable literature would be destroyed.


How did a new reading public emerges with the printing revolution?

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જવાબ :

  • Earlier reading was restricted to elites but now Access to books created a new culture of reading.
  • Earlier books were very expensive and it was very difficult to reproduce the books in sufficient numbers.
  • Due to printing revolution books could reach to the wider section of people.
  • Earlier there was a hearing public but now a reading public emerged.


“Print popularized the ideas of the idea of the enlightenment thinkers.” Explain.

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જવાબ :

  • Collectively the writings of thinkers provided a critical commentary on tradition, superstitionand despotism.
  • Scholars and thinkers argued for the rule of reason rather than custom and demanded thateverything to be judged through the application of reason and rationality.
  • They attacked the sacred authority of the church and the despotic power of the state thus eroding the legitimacy of a social order based on tradition.
  • The writing of Voltaire and Rousseau were read widely and those who read these books sawthe world through new eyes, eyes that were questioning critical and rational.


How did Johann Gutenberg develop the first printing press?

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જવાબ : (i) From his childhood, Gutenberg had seen wine and olive presses. Subsequently, he learnt the art of polishing stones, became a master goldsmith, and also acquired the expertise to create lead moulds used for making trinkets. 

(ii) Drawing on this knowledge, Gutenberg adapted existing technology to design his innovation. The olive press provided the model for the printing press, and moulds were used for casting the metal types for the letters of the alphabet. 

(iii) By 1448, Gutenberg perfected the system. The first book printed by him was the Bible. 


‘With the printing press a new public emerged in Europe’. Justify the statement. 

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જવાબ : (i) Printing reduced the cost of books. 
(ii) The time and labour required to produce each book came down, and multiple copies could be produced with greater ease. 
(iii) Books flooded the market, reaching out to an ever-growing readership.


Highlight any three innovations which have improved the printing technology from 19th century onwards.

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જવાબ : (i) By the mid-19th century, Richard M. Hoe of New York had perfected the power driven cylindrical press. This was capable of printing 8,000 sheets per hour. This press was particularly useful for printing newspaper. 
(ii) In the late 19th century, the offset press was developed which would print up to six colours at a time. 
(iii) From the turn of the 20th century, electrically operated presses accelerated the printing operations.
(iv) Methods of feeding paper improved, the quality of plates became better, automatic paper reels and photoelectric controls of the colour register were introduced.
(v) The dust cover or the book jackets were introduced.


Explain the reasons favouring shift from hand printing to mechanical printing in China.

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જવાબ : The reasons favouring shift from hand printing to mechanical printing in China are: 
(i) Textbooks of Civil Service Examination were printed in vast numbers under the sponsorship of the imperial state. 
(ii) From the sixteenth century, the number of examination candidates went up and that increased the volume of print.
(iii) By the seventeenth century, as urban culture bloomed in China, the uses of print diversified. Print was no longer used just by scholar-officials but also by merchants used print in their everyday life.


Where was the earliest kind of print technology developed? Explain that technology. 

 

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જવાબ : (i) The earliest kind of print technology was developed in China. This was a system of hand printing.
(ii) From 594 A.D. onwards, books in China were printed by rubbing paper against the inked surface.
(iii) As both sides of the thin and porous sheet could not be printed, the traditional Chinese ‘Accordion book’ was folded and stitched at the side. 
(iv) Superbly skilled craftsmen could duplicate it with remarkable accuracy, the beauty of calligraphy.


Write a short note on Indian manuscripts.

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જવાબ : India had a very rich and old tradition of handwritten manuscripts – in Sanskrit, Arabic, Persian, and other vernacular languages. Manuscripts were copied on palm leaves or on handmade paper. Pages were beautifully illustrated. These manuscripts were bound between wooden covers or sewn together for preservation. Manuscripts were produced in India even after print technology was introduced.
Manuscripts were expensive and fragile and had to be handled carefully. It was difficult to read manuscripts as they were written in different styles.


Write a brief note on Martin Luther.

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જવાબ : Martin Luther was a religious reformer. In 1517 he wrote the ‘Ninety Five Theses’ criticising many of the practices and rituals of the Roman Catholic Church. A printed copy of this was pasted on a church door in Wittenberg. The Church was prompted to discuss his ideas.
Soon Martin Luther’s Ninety Five Theses’ was printed in vast numbers and read widely. This lead to a division within the Church and was the beginning of the Protestant Reformation.
Martin Luther’s translation of the New Testament sold 5,000 copies within a few weeks and a second edition appeared within three months.
Several scholars felt print brought about a new intellectual atmosphere and helped spread the new ideas that led to the Reformation.


How did the print revolution influence the reading habit of the people of Europe?
 

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જવાબ : Due to the print revolution the reading habit of the public increased, as books were now less costly. This was because the time and labour required to produce a book came down, and multiple copies could be produced with greater ease.
Books flooded the market, and were easily available for the public. Before printed books flooded the markets the common people used to gather in Public places and books were read out to them. They heard sacred texts read out, ballads recited, and folk tales narrated.
This listening culture turned to reading culture when books became cheaper.


Why did the demand for hand written books diminish?

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જવાબ : The demand for hand-written books slowly diminished. Copying by hand was expensive, laborious and time-consuming. These hand written manuscripts were fragile, awkward to handle, and could not be carried around or read easily. Woodblock printing gradually became more and more popular as the demand for books increased.


Who was Marco Polo?
 

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જવાબ : Marco Polo was a great explorer. He was in China for many years and he learnt the printing technology from the Chinese during his years of exploration. He returned to Italy in 1295 and introduced this new technology.


When was print technology introduced in Japan?

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જવાબ : Print technology was introduced in Japan around AD 768-770. Buddhist missionaries from China introduced hand-printing technology into Japan .The oldest Japanese book, the Buddhist Diamond Sutra was printed in AD 868. It contained six sheets of text and woodcut illustrations


How did the urban population use the print media?

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જવાબ : Merchants used print in their daily life, to update trade information. People stated reading fiction, poetry, biographies, autobiographies, and romantic plays during their leisure time. Rich women began to read, and many women began publishing their poetry and plays. Wives of scholar-officials published their works and courtesans wrote about their lives.


Give a brief description of the first form of print technology.

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જવાબ : The first form of print technology used wooden blocks which were carved with words or designs. The carvings were in relief. These wooden blocks were inked. Then paper was rubbed against it. The markings now made an impression on the paper. The paper was thin and so printing was done only on one side. The papers were folded and stitched.


There are No Content Availble For this Chapter

1

East Asia

A

Countries with the earliest kind of print technology

2

China, Japan and Korea

B

the books in China printed

3

the inked surface of woodblocks

C

the development of print first begin

4

folded and stitched at the side

D

the books bound in China

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જવાબ :

1-C, 2-A, 3-B, 4-D

1

Balgangadhar Tilak

A

‘Tremble, therefore, tyrants of the world! Tremble before the virtual writer!

2

Louise-Sebastien Mercier

B

began English printing in India

3

James Augustus Hickey

C

wrote with great sympathy about them in his Kesari

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જવાબ :

1-C, 2-A, 3-B,

1

after the revolt of 1857

A

wrote with great sympathy about them in his Kesari

2

the Vernacular Press Act of 1878

B

vernacular newspapers became assertively nationalist

3

Balgangadhar Tilak

C

the government with extensive rights to censor reports and editorials in the vernacular press

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જવાબ :

1-B, 2-C, 3-A

1

Dr B R Ambedkar wrote mainly on the issues of

A

the impact of printing on the East India Company

2

Bangalore cotton millworkers set up libraries to educate themselves, who were they sponsored by

B

Women

3

regulations the Calcutta Supreme Court pass by the 1820s

C

social reformers

4

Company began encouraging publication of newspapers

D

to control press freedom

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જવાબ :

1-B, 2-C, 3-D, 4-A

1

the first of the Indian newspapers get published in the vernacular languages

A

lyric, short stories , essays about social and political matters

2

the  Deoband Seminary publish

B

1810

3

the first printed edition of the Ramcharitmanas of Tulsidas

C

thousands of fatwas telling Muslim readers how to conduct themselves

4

the new literary forms that entered the world of Indian reading

D

1821-22

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જવાબ :

1-D, 2-C, 3-B, 4-A

1

popular works were sold in cheap series

A

mid-sixteenth century

2

the ancient handwritten manuscripts in India preserved

B

began English printing in India

3

the printing press first come to India

C

pressed between wooden covers or sewn together

4

James Augustus Hickey

D

Shilling Series

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જવાબ :

1-D, 2-C, 3-A, 4-B

1

Louise-Sebastien Mercier

A

kind of writings did the women produce at the time

2

the children’s press set up in France

B

‘Tremble, therefore, tyrants of the world! Tremble before the virtual writer!

3

manuals teaching proper behaviour and housekeeping

C

1857

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જવાબ :

1-B, 2-C, 3-A

1

Bible

A

the first publication that Gutenberg printed

2

Heretical

B

pocket sized books that were sold by travelling pedlars

3

Chapbook

C

Beliefs which do not follow the accepted teachings of the Church

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જવાબ :

1-A, 2-C, 3-B

1

Buddhist missionaries

A

1430s

2

11th century

B

introduced hand-printing technology into Japan

3

Vellum

C

Chinese paper reach Europe

4

Johann Gutenberg developed the first-known printing press

D

A parchment made from the skin of animals

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જવાબ :

1-B, 2-C, 3-D, 4-A

1

China

A

advancement in new reading culture

2

studying textbooks printed for the preparation of this exam

B

major producer of print material

3

Western printing techniques

C

became the hub of the new print culture

4

Shanghai

D

the candidates prepare for this examination

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જવાબ :

1-B, 2-D, 3-A, 4-C

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