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CBSE Solutions for Class 10 English

GSEB std 10 science solution for Gujarati check Subject Chapters Wise::

Give an example of tertiary activity.

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જવાબ : Advertising


Cultivation of grapes is defined as __________

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જવાબ : Viticulture


Name one of the inputs required in farming.

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જવાબ : Machinery


Name a physical input is required in agriculture

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જવાબ : labour


Name an animal is a part of the nomadic herd.

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જવાબ : camel


Jhumming is practised in ____ India.
 

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જવાબ : North – East


Arable land is ___________

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જવાબ : land where crops are grown


Around ___ of Indian population depends on agriculture.

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જવાબ : 2/3


____ is a primary activity.

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જવાબ : Agriculture


Across the globe, more than ___% of people are engaged in agriculture

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જવાબ : 50


The word ‘agriculture’ has been derived from Latin word _________
 


 

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જવાબ : ager


What is horticulture?

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જવાબ : Horticulture is the growing vegetables, flowers and fruits for commercial use.


By which name is specialized cultivation of fruits and vegetables known?

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જવાબ : Horticulture.


Describe ‘Jhumming cultivation’ in one sentence.

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જવાબ : ‘Slash and burn’ agriculture.


Which state is the leading coffee producer state in India?

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જવાબ : Karnataka.


India is the largest producer as well as consumer of which agricultural product in the world?

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જવાબ : Pulses.


In which country the ‘slash and burn’ agriculture is known as ‘Roca’?

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જવાબ : Brazil.


Hoe, dao, digging sticks are associated with which type of farming?

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જવાબ : Primitive subsistence farming.


Which crop are grown with the onset of monsoons and are harvested in the month of September and October?

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જવાબ : Kharif


Which crop is the major crop of rabi?

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જવાબ : Wheat


Fishing is an example of _________

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જવાબ : Primary activity


Which country leads the world in production of rice?

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જવાબ : China leads in the production of rice followed by India, Japan, Sri Lanka and Egypt.


Who are the leading producers of cotton?

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જવાબ : China, USA, India, Pakistan, Brazil and Egypt are the leading producers of cotton.


What are 3 types of economic activities?

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જવાબ : The 3 types of economic activities are primary, secondary and tertiary activities.


Name the factors influencing agriculture.

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જવાબ : Factors influencing agriculture include favourable topography of soil and climate.


Which country produces the best quality tea in the world?

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જવાબ : Kenya, India, China, Sri Lanka produce the best quality tea in the world.


What is the aim of agricultural development?

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જવાબ : The ultimate aim of agricultural development is to increase food security.


What is pisciculture?

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જવાબ : Pisciculture involves breeding of fish in specially constructed tanks and ponds.


What is sericulture?

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જવાબ : Sericulture is the commercial rearing of silk worms.


What is the main characteristic of plantation agriculture?

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જવાબ : In plantation agriculture only a single crop is grown.


What is arable land?

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જવાબ : The land on which the crops are grown is known as arable land.


Which country is the leading producer of coffee?

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જવાબ : Brazil is the leading producer followed by Columbia and India.


Name the staple diet of the tropical and sub-tropical regions.

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જવાબ : Rice is the staple diet of the tropical and sub-tropical regions.


Which two countries lead in the production of jute?

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જવાબ : India and Bangladesh are the leading producers of jute.


What are fibre crops?

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જવાબ : Jute and cotton are fibre crops.


What are the two main types of farming?

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જવાબ : Farming can be classified into two main types: subsistence farming and commercial farming.


In what season is wheat grown in India?

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જવાબ : In India it is grown in winter.


What do you mean by viticulture?

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જવાબ : Viticulture is the cultivation of grapes


Which crop is known as golden fibre?

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જવાબ : Jute is known as the ‘Golden Fibre’.


True/False :- Less labour is required to pick the tea leaves.

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જવાબ : False


True/False :- Maize is also known as corn.

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જવાબ : True


True/False :- Smaller holdings are more suitable for commercial agriculture.

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જવાબ : False


True/False :- The farmer generally resides in the farm.

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જવાબ : True


True/False :- Selling of grocery is a tertiary activity.

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જવાબ : True


Fill in the blanks :- In the world, ______ per cent of persons are engaged in agricultural activity.

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જવાબ : 50


Fill in the blanks :- ______________  agriculture is prevalent in the thickly populated areas of the monsoon regions of south, southeast and east Asia.

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જવાબ : Intensive subsistence 


Fill in the blanks :- ________________ thrives best in well drained loamy soil.

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જવાબ : Wheat


Fill in the blanks :- A typical farm size in the ________  is about 250 hectares.

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જવાબ : USA


Fill in the blanks :- Major plantations are found in the ________ regions of the world.

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જવાબ : tropical


Which is the third most important food crop of India? Name the cropping season in which it is grown. Name four leading states of its production.

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જવાબ : Jowar is the third most important food crop with respect to area and production. It is mainly the crop of Kharif season. It is a rainfed crop grown in moist areas.
Leading states of production are: Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh.


What are coarse grains? Why are they important in India? Name the crops which are included in this category and name three leading states producing each of these crops.

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જવાબ : Millets are called coarse grains. They are important because they have high nutritional value and make an important part of the diet for poor people.
Most important millets are as follows:

  1. Ragi —Leading producer is Karnataka, followed by Tamil Nadu. Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Uttaranchal, Sikkim etc are other important regions.
  2. Jowar—Maharashtra is the leading producer followed by Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh.
  3. Bajra—It grows well on sandy soils and shallow black soils. Rajasthan is the largest producer followed by Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat and Haryana.


Write two geographical conditions required for the growth of Ragi and write its nutritional value.

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જવાબ : Geographical conditions:

  • Ragi grows well in dry regions.
  • It grows well on red, black, sandy, loamy and shallow black soils.
Nutritional value: Ragi is rich in iron, calcium, other micro-nutrients and roughage.


Mention two geographical conditions required for the growth of Maize crop in India. Describe three factors which have contributed to increase maize production. Write four major maize producing states. (2012)

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જવાબ : Geographical conditions required for the growth of maize crop in .India:

  1. It is a kharif crop which requires temperature between 21° C to 27° C. It requires moderate rainfall between 50-100 cm.
  2. It grows well in old alluvial soils.
    Maize is a crop which is used both as food and fodder. In some states like Bihar, maize is grown in rabi season also. Maize production in India has increased due to factors like:
    • use of modern inputs such as HYV seeds;
    • use of fertilisers; and
    • use of irrigation facilities.
    • major maize producing state: Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Andhra Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh.


Name three pulses each of Rabi and Kharif season. Write their importance for human beings and for agriculture.

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જવાબ : Pulses of Rabi season: Tur (arhar), urad, moong.
Pulses of Kharif season: Masur, peas, gram.
Importance of pulses:

  • For agriculture. Being leguminous crops, they help in restoring soil fertility by utilising nitrogen from the air (nitrogen fixation). Therefore, these are mostly grown in rotation with other crops.
  • They need less moisture and survive even in dry conditions.


What is India’s position in the world regarding sugarcane production? Write the geographical conditions required for its growth.

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જવાબ : India is the second largest producer of sugarcane after Brazil.
Geographical conditions: It is a tropical as well as subtropical crop.

  • It grows well in hot and humid climate.
  • Temperature: 21°C to 27°C.
  • Annual rainfall between 75 cm and 100 cms. Irrigation is required in the regions of low rainfall.
  • It can be grown on a variety of soils.
  • It needs manual labour from sowing to harvesting.


Name six oilseeds produced in India. What are their main uses?

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જવાબ : Six major oilseeds produced in India are: Groundnut, mustard, coconut, sesamum (til), soyabean, castor-seeds, linseed, sunflower and cotton-seeds.
Most of these oilseeds are edible and are used as cooking mediums.
Some are also used as raw material in the production of soap, cosmetics and ointments.


Write the geographical and labour conditions required for the growth of tea.

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જવાબ : Geographical conditions:

  1. It grows well in tropical and subtropical climates.
  2. It requires deep, fertile, well drained soil, rich in humus and organic matter.
  3. It requires warm and moist frost free climate round the year.
  4. Frequent showers evenly distributed through the year ensure continuous growth of tender leaves.
  5. Tea is a labour intensive industry. It requires abundant, cheap and skilled labour.
  6. It is processed within tea gardens to restore its freshness.


What is India’s position in the world regarding tea production? Name three states each which produce tea in:
(i) North-Eastern India
(ii) Himalayan states/parts of the states
(iii) Peninsular States.

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જવાબ : India is the leading producer and exporter of tea in the world.
Three states producing tea in each of the following:

North-Eastern States

Himalayan Regions/States

Peninsular States

1. Assam

1. Hills of West Bengal

1. Tamil Nadu

2. Meghalaya

(Darjeeling & Jalpaiguri Districts)

2. Kerala

3. Tripura

2. Himachal Pradesh

3. Andhra Pradesh

  3. Uttaranchal

 


Which is the most important beverage crop of Southern India and what is its percentage share in the world? Where did its cultivation initially start in India? Name three major states of its production.

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જવાબ : Coffee is the most important beverage crop of Southern India. India produces about 4% of the world’s coffee production.
Three major states which produce coffee are: Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu, mainly in Nilgiri Hills. Initially its cultivation started in Baba Budan Hills.


What are ‘Institutional Reforms’? Enlist various institutional reforms taken by the Indian Government to bring about improvements in agriculture. (2015)

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જવાબ : Institutional reforms:
Steps taken by the government to bring about improvements in agriculture are termed as ‘Institutional Reforms’.
Some steps are:

  1. Collectivisation and consolidation of land holdings to make them economically viable.
  2. The green revolution based on the use of package technology and the White Revolution to increase milk production are important strategies which were initiated to improve agriculture.
  3. Cooperation with farmers and Abolition of Zamindari system.
  4. Provision of crop insurance to protect the farmers against losses caused by natural calamities, i.e. drought, flood, cyclone, fire and disease.
  5. Establishment of ‘Grameen Banks’, Cooperative Societies and Banks for providing loan facilities to the farmers at lower rates of interest.
  6. Kissan Credit Card (KCC), Personal Accident Insurance Scheme (PAIS) are some other schemes introduced by the government for the benefit of farmers.
  7. Special weather bulletins and agricultural programmes for farmers were introduced on the Radio and TV.
  8. Announcement of minimum support price, remunerative and procurement prices for crops to check the exploitation of farmers by speculators and middlemen and removing the elements of uncertainty.


Give the main reasons which have necessitated agricultural reforms.

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જવાબ : Reforms in agriculture are necessary because of the following reasons:

  1. Sustained uses of land without compatible techno-institutional changes have hindered the pace of agricultural development.
  2. Most of the farmers still depend on monsoons because large parts of the country still do not have irrigation facilities.
  3. Farmers still depend on natural fertility in order to carry on their agriculture, i.e., they lack material resources, e.g., fertilizers, etc.
  4. Ours is an agricultural economy and about 63% of people depend on agriculture for employment and livelihood, therefore reforms have to be implemented.
  5. For raising the agricultural production and productivity levels to produce sufficient food for the growing population.
  6. To overcome environmental, economic and social constraints, agricultural reforms have to be seriously implemented.
  7. The declining share in GDP is a matter of serious concern because decline and stagnation in agriculture will lead to decline in other spheres of economy.


What is India’s position in the world in the production of fruits and vegetables? Name the different Indian fruits which are in great demand world over and also name the states where each is produced.

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જવાબ : India is the largest producer of fruits and vegetables in the world.
Mangoes grow in Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal.
Bananas grow well in Kerala, Mizoram, Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu.
Oranges grow well in Nagpur and Cherrapunjee (Meghalaya).
Lichi and Guavas grow in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.
Grapes grow well in Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra.
Pineapple grows well in Meghalaya.
Apples, Pears, Apricots and Walnuts grow well in Jammu and Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh.


Name four temperate fruits which are produced in India and name the states which grow them in abundance.

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જવાબ : Four temperate crops are: apples, pears, apricots and walnuts.
Himachal Pradesh and Jammu & Kashmir are the leading producers of these temperate fruits.


Which fibre crop is called as the ‘Golden fibre’? Which is the most important region of its growth and why? Give one major reason why it is losing the market now.

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જવાબ : Jute is known as the golden fibre.
Jute is mainly grown in West Bengal, especially in the Hooghly Basin because there the geographical conditions favour its growth. These conditions are:

  • High temperature required during the time of growth.
  • Jute grows well on well-drained fertile soils in the flood plains where soils are renewed every year. Due to its high cost, it is losing market to synthetic fibres and other packing materials particularly to nylon.


Give an account of fibre crop which is mainly grown in Deccan Plateau region under the following heads:
(i) Its position in the world production
(ii) geographical conditions and
(iii) major states of production.

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જવાબ : Cotton is the fibre crop which is mainly grown in the black soil of the Deccan Plateau region.
(i) Position. India is the 3rd largest producer of cotton in the world.
(ii) Geographical conditions. Cotton requires:

  • high temperature.
  • light rainfall or irrigation.
  • 210 frost-free days.
  • bright sunshine for its growth.
  • black cotton soil which is very good for its growth.
  • It is a Kharif crop and requires 6-8 months to mature.
(iii) Major cotton producing states are. Maharashtra, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh.


Name four major fibre crops grown in India. What is ‘sericulture’?

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જવાબ : Cotton, jute, hemp and natural silk are the four major fibre crops grown in India. The first three are derived directly from the crops grown in the soil, but silk is obtained from the cocoons of silk worms fed on mulberry leaves.
Sericulture: Rearing of silk worms for the production of silk fibre is known as sericulture.


Write the geographical conditions required for the growth of rubber. Name the item which consumes maximum share of rubber for its manufacture.

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જવાબ : Conditions:

  1. It requires hot and humid climate.
  2. Rainfall – 200 cms.
  3. Temperature – above 25°C.
Maximum rubber is consumed in the manufacture of auto tyres and tubes and cycle tyres and tubes. They together consume about 57.8% of the total rubber production.


Name three non-food crops and write three major states of their production respectively.

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જવાબ : The three non-food crops are: rubber, cotton and jute.
Rubber is produced in Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka, Andaman and Nicobar islands and Garo hills of Meghalaya.
Cotton is mainly produced in Maharashtra, Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh.
Jute is mainly grown in West Bengal, Bihar and Assam.


Describe India’s position in vegetable production.

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જવાબ :

  1. India produces about 13% of the world’s vegetables.
  2. It stands first in the production of peas and cauliflower.
  3. It stands second in the production of onions, cabbage, tomatoes and brinjal and stands fourth in the production of potatoes.


There are No Content Availble For this Chapter

1

Rubber

A

Silk Worm

2

Natural Silk

B

Fiber Crop

3

Cotton

C

equatorial crop

4

Jute

D

Golden FIbre

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જવાબ :

1-C, 2-A, 3-B, 4-D

1

Cash Crop

A

Bamboo

2

Food Crops

B

Rubber

3

Feed crops

C

sunflower

4

Fiber crops

D

Barley

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જવાબ :

1-B, 2-D, 3-A, 4-C

1

Cash Crop

A

Hemp

2

Food Crops

B

Cocoa

3

Feed crops

C

Apple

4

Fiber crops

D

Beets

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જવાબ :

1-B, 2-C, 3-D, 4-A

Crop and Sowing Season

1

Rabi

A

Winter from October to December

2

Kharif

B

in the months of March to July

3

Zaid

C

Beginning of the rainy season between April and May

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જવાબ :

1-A, 2-C, 3-B

Harvesting Season & Crop

1

Rabi

A

June end

2

Kharif

B

Summer from

April to June

3

Zaid

C

September-October

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જવાબ :

1-B, 2-C, 3-A

1

Cash Crop

A

Grasses

2

Food Crops

B

Cotton

3

Feed crops

C

Orange

4

Fiber crops

D

Coffee

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જવાબ :

1-D, 2-C, 3-A, 4-B

1

Cash Crop

A

Flax

2

Food Crops

B

Barley

3

Feed crops

C

Mango

4

Fiber crops

D

Sugarcane

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જવાબ :

1-D, 2-C, 3-B, 4-A

1

Cash Crop

A

Bamboo

2

Food Crops

B

Spices

3

Feed crops

C

Grape

4

Fiber crops

D

Beets

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જવાબ :

1-B, 2-C, 3-D, 4-A

Important Crops & Crop

1

Rabi

A

Watermelon

2

Kharif

B

Wheat

3

Zaid

C

Maize

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જવાબ :

1-B, 2-C, 3-A

1

               Rabi

A

Moong

2

Kharif

B

Cucumber

3

Zaid

C

Pea

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જવાબ :

1-C, 2-A, 3-B

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